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Xi H.,CAS Lanzhou Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute | Xi H.,CSIRO | Zhang L.,CSIRO | Feng Q.,CAS Lanzhou Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute | And 8 more authors.
Hydrological Processes | Year: 2015

In arid region, direct infiltration from rainfall contributes little to groundwater compared with localized recharge from streams. How to quantify riverbed infiltration to groundwater systems is an important area of research in hydrology. In this study, saturated permeability coefficient of a riverbed in an arid inland river basin located in the northwest of China was obtained by Guelph Permeameter and laboratory analysis methods. The characteristics of riverbed infiltration and its spatial patterns were analysed using geostatistical method and kriging method. The results showed that the saturated permeability coefficient varied from 0.089 to 2.802m/d, indicating moderate degree of variability. The Guelph Permeameter and laboratory test methods provided consistent estimates of saturated permeability coefficient. There was a strong spatial correlation for Kfs of the riverbed in this study area when Range (A) was less than 0.276°, suggesting that the maximum sampling distance for saturated permeability coefficient of the riverbed was 0.276° under isotropic conditions. The Kfs near the centre of the riverbed was higher than the value near riverbank. The Kfs values decreased in the direction of upstream to downstream in the Heihe River Basin. The riverbed mechanical composition, initial soil water content and bulk density have significant influence up on the riverbed infiltration. Besides, the topographical factors including the width, altitude and distance factors of the riverbed together impacted the riverbed infiltration and the slope of the riverbed and also influenced the riverbed infiltration. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Xi H.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Xi H.,Alashan Desert Eco hydrology Experimental Research Station | Xi H.,Gansu Province Eco hydrology Engineering Research Center | Xi H.,CSIRO | And 16 more authors.
Environmental Earth Sciences | Year: 2016

Ecologic patterns and community succession are generally controlled by hydrologic mechanisms, especially for plant distributions which are sensitive to habitat conditions. The hydrology characteristics of ecosystems mainly influenced plant ecological processes in water and salinity changes. In this paper, we analyzed the composition and characteristic of natural plant community, divided the plant community classes and discussed the effect of water and salinity gradients on plant species and community classes in Ejina Desert Oasis. The results demonstrated that Populus euphratica, Tamarix chinensis and Phragmites communis were the most important plant species that had the highest important values among forest, shrubs and herbaceous. Six plant community patterns were classified by cluster analysis in Ejina Desert Oasis. Species richness and species diversity were the highest near West River and East River channels of the core oasis area. The distributions of plant community were mainly influenced by the following factors: distance from river channel, groundwater level, soil water content, soil salinity and groundwater salinity. The water and salinity factors, which controlled the distributions of plant, were the main driving forces for ecosystem succession. The plant community succession is becoming toward the type of shrub + herb or low shrub with very drought-tolerant from the type of forest + shrub + herb with tall and high water consumption, when habitat conditions change from good to poor. The water gradients had more significant and more directed effect than salinity gradients on plant species and communities. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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