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Eum W.S.,Hallym University | Lee K.-J.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Kim D.W.,Hallym University | Lim S.S.,Hallym University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2013

This study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of extracts from Caesalpinia sappan L. (CSL) on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced ear edema in mice. Skin inflammation was detected by immunohistochemistry and the protein and mRNA expression levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and cytokines (IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α) detected by Western blotting and RT-PCR. The activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were analyzed by Western blotting. CSL extracts markedly inhibited the TPA-induced expression of COX-2 and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Also, CSL extracts significantly reduced the activation of NF-κB and MAPK. These results suggest that CSL extracts may serve as therapeutic agents against skin diseases related to inflammation. Source


Lee K.-J.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Yun I.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Kim H.-Y.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Kim K.-H.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2010

The total polyphenol contents and antioxidative activities of water and ethanol extracts from Synurus excelsus and Synurus palmatopinnatifidus var. palmatopinnatifidus were determined. Total polyphenol contents of ESE and ESP were 195.7 and 216.2 mg/g, and were higher than WSE (74.7 mg/g) and WSP (77.4 mg/g). The total flavonoid contents were also higher in ESE (176.6 mg/g) and ESP (148.8 mg/g) than WSE and WSP. DPPH radical scavenging activities of ESE and ESP (73.1 and 73.4%) were higher than WSE and WSP as like total polyphenol and flavonoid contents. Although the DPPH radical scavenging activities of the extracts were proportional to total polyphenol contents, there are no differences between water extracts and ethanol extracts of Synurus excelsus and Synurus palmatopinnatifidus on ABTS radical scavenging activities. Moreover, all the solvent extracts (ESE, ESP, WSE and WSP) had no SOD-like activity. These results suggest that consideration for adoption of method is necessary to evaluate antioxidative activity of extracts from plants including vegetables. Source


Park M.-H.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Choi B.-G.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Lim S.-H.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Kim K.-H.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2011

This study was conducted to estimate the general components, minerals, and dietary fiber contents of Synurus deltoides. S. deltoides contained 81.1% moisture content, and the proportions of crude fat, crude protein, crude ash, and crude fiber were 0.3%, 4.2%, 2.6%, and 3.5%, respectively. Potassium (3,249.1 mg) was the most abundant component among the minerals in S. deltoides. In addition, S. deltoides contained many other minerals, e.g. calcium (854.8 mg), phosphorus (60.3 mg), magnesium (344.7 mg), sodium (57.3 mg), zinc (1.7 mg), iron (30.9 mg), copper (0.8 mg), and manganese (5.8 mg). Almost all of the mineral contents of S. deltoides were higher than those of Aster scaber and Ligularia fischeri, except for zinc, copper, and manganese. Total dietary fiber (TDF), insoluble dietary fiber (IDF), and soluble dietary fiber (SDF) contents of S. deltoides were 42.6 g, 37.9 g, and 4.7 g, respectively, and these were also higher than those of A. scaber and L. fischeri used in this study. These results suggest that S. deltoides may be a valuable nutrient source. Source


Park M.-H.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Kwon C.-J.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Lim S.-H.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Kim K.-H.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2011

The effects of dietary fiber isolated from Synurus deltoides on constipation induced by loperamide (4 mg/kg/ day) were investigated. Food intake and body weight both decreased in the 5% S. deltoides dietary fiber and loperamide-treated group (SD5) and 10% S. deltoides dietary fiber and loperamide-treated group (SD10), whereas fecal water contents increased by 2.4 and 3.4-fold in the SD5 and SD10 groups, respectively. The concentrations of total-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride in the sera of the SD5 and SD10 groups were lower than those in the control (C) group. However, the biochemical parameters, GOT (glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase), GPT (glutamic pyruvic transaminase), and glucose levels, were not affected by the level of S. deltoides. In addition, the concentrations of total-cholesterol and triglyceride in the livers of the SD5 and SD10 groups were also significantly lower than those in the control group. These results suggest that dietary fiber isolated from S. deltoides might ameliorate constipation symptoms, and lower lipid concentrations in the blood and liver. Source


Lee K.-J.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Park M.-H.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Park Y.-H.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | Lim S.-H.,Gangwon Agricultural Research and Extention Services | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2011

The effects of ethanol extracts from Astragali membranaceus Bunge (AMB) and A. membranaceus Bunge var mongholicus Hisiao (AMBMH) on antioxidant and nitric oxide (NO) production were evaluated. The total polyphenol contents of AMBMH extracts from two, four, and six-year old roots was 45.3, 71.3, and 78.0 mg/g, respectively. These values and those of total flavonoid content were higher than those of AMB extracts. The DPPH radical scavenging activity was the highest in ethanol extracts from four-year old AMBMH roots. The ABTS radical scavenging activity was also higher than those of AMB in ethanol extracts from four- and six-year old AMBMH roots, but not in two-year old roots. The NO production of ethanol extracts from six-year old AMBMH roots was higher than that of two- and four-year old AMBMH roots. However, there is no significant difference in NO production based on the cultivation period of AMB. Source

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