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Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2010.1.1-01 | Award Amount: 2.83M | Year: 2011

The project is aimed at developing, implementing and validating a standardized and sustainable service on snow and land ice monitoring as a Downstream Service within GMES in a value added chain with the Land Monitoring Core Services. CryoLand will provide geospatial products on snow cover, glaciers, and lake/river ice derived from Earth observation satellite data. CryoLand will build upon, integrate and widen structural and technical capabilities of the project partners who have long term experience in running operational and pre-operational services on snow and ice. Users will play a key role in the definition of service requirements and in the validation of the products and services. A user group will be set up, and user training on use of products and electronic interfaces will be performed. Snow and ice products in near-real time delivery will be supplied with pan-European coverage, as well as with national and regional coverage. The project developments will build upon tools and processing lines that are available at partners enterprises. The portfolio of snow and ice products will be improved and augmented to better match the user requirements. An important part of the project will be the design, development and implementation of a network system for CryoLand services that will ensure interoperability of infrastructure by compliance with INSPIRE and GEOSS, and by integration with the Land Monitoring Core Services, the GMES Space Component Data Access service, and the required in-situ and reference data access. Full end-to-end tests and verification will be performed for the products and services in pre-operational environment, based on rigorous procedures and protocols for testing, validation and qualification. During the project second phase full performance demonstration of the system and comprehensive promotion and dissemination work is planned in order to prepare for the transition to a self-sustained operational snow and land ice monitoring service.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-06;SPA.2013.1.1-07 | Award Amount: 2.92M | Year: 2013

The Sentinel- satellite series aims at frequent global coverage of the Earth surface in full spectrum of remote sensing. This enables the use of well-established satellite products, built up with earlier more research oriented satellites, to be used for the benefit of people in six core areas of Copernicus/GMES: security, land monitoring, climate change, atmosphere monitoring, emergency management and marine environment monitoring. The SEN3APP- project addresses three of these, namely climate change, land monitoring and security. SEN3APP is concerned with the development, implementation, operationalization and validation of Sentinel data processing lines for cryospheric (terrestrial) and land cover/phenology applications. Both global and regional applications are included, focusing to high latitudes of the Earth and other parts of the cryosphere.The processing lines will utilize SAR and medium/high resolution optical/IR-range data from Sentinels 1, 2 and 3. An essential aspect of the project is the development and harmonization of data processing modules/routines in order to facilitate new European satellite data processing capabilities for the European and global user community. For selected applications/products, the processing lines will also provide the automated validation tools. The processing lines to be designed and implemented contain distributed systems with contributions of the project partners. Operational capabilities of FMI Sodankyl satellite data center are applied to host part of the infrastructure and also complete processing lines. The overall objective of the proposed project is to provide end-users with products and services relevant to: Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP): land surface processes and albedo Local/regional scale climate change studies and planning of adaptation strategies Ecosystem studies & assessment of ecosystem services Evaluation of nutrient leaching caused by different land use and management practices for implementation of Water Framework directive objectives Hydrological forecasting and monitoring including hydro-power industry, flood prevention and water resources assessment Carbon balance monitoring and assessment Environmental monitoring including disasters, forest diseases and crop yield Construction and logistics as to soil frost and permafrost (roads, buildings, timber collection)

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN | Award Amount: 3.50M | Year: 2011

GIONET will create a European Centre of Excellence in the training of early stage researchers in the Earth Observation to provide skilled personnel for the emerging GMES land monitoring services during the GMES Initial Operations period (2011-2013) and beyond. The principal aims of this distributed centre will be to: Provide a broad postgraduate training in Earth Observation Science that exposes students to different research disciplines and complementary skills, providing work experiences in the private and academic sectors, and leading to a recognized qualification (Doctorate). Enable access to first class training in both fundamental and applied research skills to early-stage researchers at world-class academic centres and market leaders in the private sector. Develop a collaborative training network, through the placement of students supported by the grant for periods in other European institutions, and by hosting nationally funded students. Provide a flexible training environment with personal development planning, that early stage researchers can adapt to their cultural, disciplinary and gender needs and in respect of their national education systems. Key elements of the research and training programme will include fundamental Earth Observation Science, foundations of GMES pre-operational applications (land cover and change, forestry, urban mapping, biophysical parameters, emergency services). A more adaptable corpus of early-career researchers, capable of fulfilling the needs of the European GMES land monitoring core services, and able to become future leaders in these fields, whether in the research domain or the private sector. Researchers with excellent employability across a range of disciplines and outside academic research environments in organisations such as GMES user and stakeholder organisations, and private sector companies delivering the GMES services.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2009.1.1.01 | Award Amount: 4.71M | Year: 2010

DORIS is an advanced downstream service for the detection, mapping, monitoring and forecasting of ground deformations, that integrates traditional and innovative Earth Observation (EO) and ground based (non-EO) data and technologies. The service delivers innovative products tailored for Civil Defense authorities. DORIS integrates state-of-the-art technological and scientific capabilities with existing European upstream services, complies with guidelines provided by the Emergency Response Core Services Interdisciplinary Group, and is linked to existing Core Services, including SAFER and GMES EMERGENCY. DORIS goes beyond the state-of-the-art technologies used to detect, map, monitor and forecast ground deformations. DORIS uses the unique ERS-1/2 and ENVISAT C-band SAR archives to provide unprecedented, very long time-series of ground deformations. DORIS evaluates new SAR sensors, including ALOS, COSMO-SkyMed and TERRASAR-X, exploiting the different bands (L/X), the significantly reduced revisiting time, and the higher spatial resolution offered by these sensors. DORIS moves forward the integration of satellite and ground-based SAR interferometry, coupled with GPS measurements and geophysical probing. DORIS exploits multi-spectral images to map ground deformations, to identify the elements at risk, and for dynamic risk scenarios design. Finally, DORIS investigates the possibility of using thermal images for the assessment of landslide susceptibility and hazard. DORIS will be tested in six study areas in Europe. Successful application of the service in these areas guarantees that the downstream service will work in Europe. DORIS will provide a business model for long term self-sustainability of the service; the project is proposed by a unique team of public administrations, research institutes, and enterprises with experience in EO technologies for Civil Defence applications. DORIS favors knowledge and technology transfer, and will stimulate European competitiveness.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GALILEO-3-2014 | Award Amount: 1.31M | Year: 2015

Biomass mapping has gained increased interest for bioenergy, climate research and mitigation activities, such as reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (e.g. REDD initiative). However, continuous deforestation activity and forest management requires frequent and accurate monitoring which can be expensive and difficult to attain. In Brazil, optical satellite data is typically used by government but even such does not allow accurate enough mapping due cloud coverage, requiring combination of other sources such as in-situ and air-borne measurements. Furthermore, satellite radar signals can penetrate clouds but still today the spatial resolution is not sufficient. In COREGAL, a low cost unmanned fixed-plane Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and service for biomass mapping will allow wide scale mapping in the Brazilian context of forest management. A first of a kind combined Position-Reflectometry Galileo receiver will be developed as main sensor for platform positioning and biomass estimation, the latter using reflected GNSS signals (also called GNSS-R) on tree canopies. High positioning accuracy (centimetre level) is required for surface point reflection determination, which is challenging for remote areas where no GNSS infrastructure is available as in the case of many forests in Brazil. However, Galileo AltBOC E5 signals offer unprecedented pseudorange measurement quality which can be used for novel high accuracy positioning. The UAV will be equipped and tested with a COREGAL receiver and optical cameras for aerial mapping and biomass estimation, enabling wide scale low cost mapping: UAV mapping is at least one order of magnitude lower cost than manned air-borne missions while GNSS-R can be seen as bi-static radar replacing expensive, heavy and power consuming radars. The consortium includes universities and companies for successful services and technology exploitation.

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