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Washington, DC, United States

Gallaudet University /ˌɡæləˈdɛt/ is a federally chartered private university for the education of the Deaf and hard of hearing located in Washington, D.C., on a 99 acres campus.Founded in 1864, Gallaudet University was originally for both deaf and blind children. It was the first school for the advanced education of the deaf and hard of hearing in the world and remains the only higher education institution in which all programs and services are specifically designed to accommodate deaf and hard of hearing students. Hearing students are admitted to the graduate school and a small number are also admitted as undergraduates each year. The university was named after Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, a notable figure in the advancement of deaf education, who himself was not deaf.Gallaudet University is officially bilingual, with American Sign Language and English used for instruction and by the college community. Although there are no specific ASL proficiency requirements for undergraduate admission, many graduate programs do require varying degrees of knowledge of the language as a prerequisite. Wikipedia.

Hsieh E.,University of Oklahoma | Nicodemus B.,Gallaudet University
Patient Education and Counseling

Objectives: By juxtaposing literature in signed language interpreting with that of spoken language interpreting, we provide a narrative review to explore the complexity of emotion management in interpreter-mediated medical encounters. Methods: We conduct literature search through library databases and Google Scholar using varied combinations of search terms, including interpreter, emotion, culture, and health care. Results: We first examine (a) interpreters' management and performance of others' emotions, (b) interpreters' management and performance of their own emotions, and (c) impacts of emotion work for healthcare interpreters. Conclusion: By problematizing the roles and functions of emotion and emotion work in interpreter-mediated medical encounters, we propose a normative model to guide future research and practices of interpreters' emotion management in cross-cultural care. Practice implications: Quality and equality of care should serve as the guiding principle for interpreters' decision-making about their emotions and emotion work. Rather than adopting a predetermined practice, interpreters should evaluate and prioritize the various clinical, interpersonal, and therapeutic objectives as they consider the best practice in managing their own and other speakers' emotions. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Davidson K.,University of Connecticut | Lillo-Martin D.,University of Connecticut | Pichler D.C.,Gallaudet University
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

Bilingualism is common throughout the world, and bilingual children regularly develop into fluently bilingual adults. In contrast, children with cochlear implants (CIs) are frequently encouraged to focus on a spoken language to the exclusion of sign language. Here, we investigate the spoken English language skills of 5 children with CIs who also have deaf signing parents, and so receive exposure to a full natural sign language (American Sign Language, ASL) from birth, in addition to spoken English after implantation. We compare their language skills with hearing ASL/English bilingual children of deaf parents. Our results show comparable English scores for the CI and hearing groups on a variety of standardized language measures, exceeding previously reported scores for children with CIs with the same age of implantation and years of CI use. We conclude that natural sign language input does no harm and may mitigate negative effects of early auditory deprivation for spoken language development. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Source

Fennell J.,Gallaudet University

Background: Experimental research in laboratory conditions indicates that intoxication makes unprotected sex more favorable to subjects, while event-level research indicates little causal effect of intoxication on condom use. Little work has addressed the effect of intoxication on hormonal contraceptive use. Study Design: This study analyzes in-depth interviews with 30 men and 30 women between the ages of 18 and 30 years on the East Coast of the United States about their contraceptive decisions and use. Results: Respondents believed that frequent intoxication discouraged condom use and consistent contraceptive pill-taking. Their accounts suggested that intoxication discouraged calculated contraceptive decision-making, and consequently, they mostly reverted to their standard contraceptive habits. People who were consistent contraceptors sober were usually consistent contraceptors while intoxicated, and people who were inconsistent contraceptors sober were usually inconsistent contraceptors while intoxicated. This pattern applied to both condom use and hormonal contraceptive use. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

Barclay D.A.,Gallaudet University
Journal of Social Work in Disability and Rehabilitation

The study investigated the impact of family functioning (as measured by the Family Assessment Device) on goal attainment (as measured by a Goal Attainment Scale) and psychosocial distress (as measured by the Brief Symptom Inventory-18) among survivors of acquired brain injury in a community re-entry rehabilitation setting. The bivariate analysis suggests that participants had significantly greater goal attainment scores if they were members of families with stronger general functioning (r =.27, p <.05), stronger defined family roles (r =.28, p <.05), a greater capacity to respond emotionally to each other (r =.29, p <.05), and proactively solved family problems (r =.28, p <.05). © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Fennell J.,Gallaudet University

Objective Previous survey research indicates that women and men experience reduced sexual pleasure when using condoms, especially compared to nonbarrier family planning methods. This study seeks to explore those experiences of reduced pleasure in-depth and how they affect contraceptive method decisions and use. Study Design In-depth interviews with 30 men and 30 women between the ages of 18 and 36 years in the United States about their contraceptive decisions and use were analyzed. Results Both men and women complained about the way that condoms interfered with their sexual pleasure. Several women (and no men) complained that condoms actually hurt them, and the majority of couples had at least one member who reported disliking condoms. For hormonal methods and intrauterine devices, general side effects were usually one of the most important reasons that women continued or discontinued methods, but few sexual side effects were reported. Conclusions Interfering with sexual pleasure appears to be the most important reason that both men and women do not use condoms, and public health practitioners should recognize the limitations of condoms as a contraceptive technology. Despite problems with general side effects, most women (and men) prefer hormonal methods to condoms. Implications This study provides in-depth descriptions showing that young adult men and women in the United States use condoms less because condoms interfere with their sexual pleasure. Although women often say they experience general negative side effects from hormonal birth control, they usually perceive few sexual side effects from hormonal birth control. Since young heterosexual adults usually perceive themselves to be at much greater risk for pregnancy than sexually transmitted infections, they mostly perceive hormonal birth control to be a greatly superior contraceptive option compared to condoms. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

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