Kaulaskar Shashikant V.,Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical science |
Pandey S.K.,Banaras Hindu University |
Yerpude P.N.,GAIMS |
Pathak M.,Banaras Hindu University |
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2014
Introduction: Use of firearm is a worldwide increasing and Varanasi is no exception to this. This is due to increasing number of hijacking, urban terrorism, dacoity, rioting, robberies, smuggling of drugs, political motivation, personal and group rivalry, quarrel over land, Property, caste feuds and the like. Materials and Method: Fifty four cases of fatal firearm injury has been drawn from the medicolegal autopsies brought to the mortuary of Department of Forensic Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, U.P. India, during the period from 1 June,2009 to 30th March 2011 which were studied for a detailed epidemiological and medicolegal analysis. Results: Out of total 3534 autopsies conducted during the above period, 54 (1.52%) victims had died due to fatal firearm injury. Most of the victims (98.15%) were male. Majority (66.65%) were young adults in the age group of 21-40 years. Most of the victims, (83.33%) of fatal firearm injury were Hindus followed by Muslims (12.96%). The maximum number, 46.3% of victims came from rural areas. The occupational status of most of the victims was agriculture (40.74%) followed by business (31.48%). Conclusion: Overall incidence of fatal firearm injury is reduced because of legal restriction on license of personal firearms weapon while the incidence of firearm injury due to country made guns are increased which are illegal, easily available and cheap. ´ © 2014, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.
Jasuja V.,GAIMS |
Purohit G.,SBKS MI and RC |
Mendpara S.,C U Shah Medical College |
Palan B.M.,SBKS MI and RC
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014
Background: The mood changes surrounding menstrual cycle mainly during luteal phase, known as premenstrual syndrome, have been described as early as the time of the ancient Greeks. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) are used to study psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression. Aims: To study the psychological parameters and effects of PMR on females with premenstrual syndrome. Settings and Design: It was an experimental study. Materials and Methods: Sixty participants aged between 18 to 40 years, volunteered for this study. Relaxation technique, PMR was given to the study group (Group A, Mean age 24.13±5.69) for one month and control group (Group B, Mean age 28.96±9.42) was evaluated without any intervention. Statistical Analysis Used: Paired students t test. Alpha error was set at 1% level. Results and Conclusion: PMR Group A showed significant decrease in Both BDI II and STAI scores (p<0.001), showing benefits of relaxation in reducing anxiety and depression. We conclude that PMR helps to alleviate symptoms of premenstrual syndrome and decreases anxiety and depression as shown by changes in scores of both questionnaires.
Kattimuthu P.,GAIMS |
Ramachandra R.K.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research |
Chand P.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research |
Kadambari D.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India | Year: 2012
35 cases of 27-68years old breast cancer individuals and 15 female individuals of FDFRS formed the material for the current study. An equal number of normal healthy females controls were also included to investigate the extent of DNA damaged in cases, FDFRs and controls. 'Comet assay' was done by conventional methods with slight modifications. For Comet metrics, a Trinocular research microscope, Nikkon Optiphot model with automatic photomicrograph attachment was used. Thus quantification of the DNA damage was done by measuring comet tail length in all the three groups (cases, FDFRs and controls).There was significant increase in the mean comet tail length from controls to FDFRs (p<0.0001) and from FDFRs to cases (p<0.0001). In other words the DNA damage significantly increased from controls to FDFRs and from FDFRs to cases. It was also observed that among various stages of cases the mean comet tail length increased significantly from stage II A to stage III B.Mean comettail length wasfound to be increased significantly in the advanced stage of carcinomas, i.e. stage III B followed by stage III A and II A. The FDFRs of breast carcinoma individuals showed significant level of DNA damage. This may be used as a marker/tool forthe identification of the diseased condition which gets manifested infamilies. © 2012 Anatomical Society of India.
Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Year: 2016
Otosclerosis is the most common cause of bilateral gradually progressive conductive hearing loss with normal tympanic membrane and Eustachian tube. Otosclerosis surgical treatment is one of the most gratifying operations in Otorhinolaryngology. It is not only the surgical techniques but also the prosthesis which are evolving in the attempt of providing best hearing results. Teflon piston is the most commonly employed prosthesis in stapes surgery. Titanium pistons are relatively the new development in the evolution of stapes prosthesis. The aim of this review article is to know and compare the surgical technicalities and postoperative outcomes including hearing improvement after the use of Teflon and titanium stapes piston. The adverse reactions occurred during follow-up were taken into consideration. The data in this article are supported by a Medline search. The use of both the prosthesis gave good results in cases of otosclerosis. The placement of titanium soft clip design was found easier than the earlier a`Wengen design of clip piston. © Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2015.