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Anvari A.,Gachsaran Branch | Zulkifli N.,Technical University of Madrid | Sorooshian S.,Science and Research Branch erman | Boyerhassani O.,Islamic Azad University at Najafabad
International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology | Year: 2014

The selection of lean tools is one of the crucial factors for decision makers and practitioners in a competitive environment. A few efforts have been made based on problem selection. Conversely, numerical studies have been done on analytical hierarchy process (AHP)-data envelopment analysis (DEA) as well as DEA-undesirable variables separately. Thus, there is a shortage of lean practitioners as well as the methods involved. The present research aims at integrating AHP and DEA with desirable and undesirable factors to evaluate the lean tools and techniques and to rank the aspect of efficacy. We suggest a logical procedure to measure the efficacy of lean tools on leanness and to prioritize them as decision makers. In this extensive research, we apply the integrated multicriteria decision-making approach, including the hybrid groups AHP and DEA models with desirable and undesirable variables, to assess the relative efficiency of lean manufacturing tools and techniques. Case studies are used to demonstrate the lean implementation in companies while being validated by a panel of experts. The integration of these approaches has created synergy and shown to be even more powerful. Thus, the proposed integrated AHP-DEA model can evaluate and rank different alternatives while considering desirable and undesirable variables in the production processes. © 2013 Springer-Verlag London.

Anvari A.,Gachsaran Branch
International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology | Year: 2013

In today's competitive world lean manufacturing has become an important "role model" for two groups: academics and practitioners. Many organizations around the world have attempted to implement it but the lack of a clear understanding of the main attributes to leanness, lean performance and its measurement contribute to the failure of lean practices. It therefore seems necessary to provide a way to evaluate the impact of lean attributes using an approach to determine the criteria and key factors of leanness. Although there are numerous theoretical and practical studies that address lean tools and techniques, few studies focus systematically on measuring the influence of lean attributes on leanness. To fill the current gap, this paper presents an innovative approach to measure the value of the influence of lean attributes on manufacturing systems by using fuzzy membership functions. A lean attributes score is finally calculated to give managers and decision makers a real insight into the leanness level and to further improve it by acting appropriately in the manufacturing system. The model is dynamic, flexible, feasible, and easy to follow and implement. It enables a systematic measurement of the influence of lean attributes by producing a final integrated unit score. © 2012 Springer-Verlag London Limited.

Anvari A.,Gachsaran Branch | Zulkifli N.,University Putra Malaysia | Arghish O.,Gachsaran Branch
International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology | Year: 2014

Group decision making with multiple criteria is the most popular method for ranking a set of alternatives. In this regard, all alternatives are compared based on a common criteria set. Meanwhile, decision makers sometimes encounter special situations, for example, having to select from among a set of alternatives without a set of criteria or with a set of criteria that are grouped/related to various alternatives. Thus, it may be impossible to select from among a set of alternatives using typical methods. Hence, in this study, a new, modified VIKOR method is proposed to address the lean tool selection problems in manufacturing systems. In this study, a model was developed to help practitioners improve their ability to solve problems when the possible solutions have their own individual criteria. In fact the modified VIKOR method can be applied to rank alternatives in threefold: alternatives with common criteria, without common criteria, with integrated common, and uncommon criteria. This paper offers numerical examples of the model, using a case study to illustrate an application of the proposed model and properly assess the validity of this new method. The results demonstrate the usefulness and effectiveness of the modified new method. The model covers the lack existing in the current literature to assess effectiveness of applying lean tools. © 2013 Springer-Verlag London.

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