George Gennimatas General Hospital

Athens, Greece

George Gennimatas General Hospital

Athens, Greece
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Sola I.,Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau | Lathyris D.,George Gennimatas General Hospital | Dayer M.,Taunton and Somerset NHS Trust
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews | Year: 2017

Background: Cardiovascular disease, which includes coronary artery disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease, is a leading cause of death worldwide. Homocysteine is an amino acid with biological functions in methionine metabolism. A postulated risk factor for cardiovascular disease is an elevated circulating total homocysteine level. The impact of homocysteine-lowering interventions, given to patients in the form of vitamins B6, B9 or B12 supplements, on cardiovascular events has been investigated. This is an update of a review previously published in 2009, 2013, and 2015. Objectives: To determine whether homocysteine-lowering interventions, provided to patients with and without pre-existing cardiovascular disease are effective in preventing cardiovascular events, as well as reducing all-cause mortality, and to evaluate their safety. Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2017, Issue 5), MEDLINE (1946 to 1 June 2017), Embase (1980 to 2017 week 22) and LILACS (1986 to 1 June 2017). We also searched Web of Science (1970 to 1 June 2017). We handsearched the reference lists of included papers. We also contacted researchers in the field. There was no language restriction in the search. Selection criteria: We included randomised controlled trials assessing the effects of homocysteine-lowering interventions for preventing cardiovascular events with a follow-up period of one year or longer. We considered myocardial infarction and stroke as the primary outcomes. We excluded studies in patients with end-stage renal disease. Data collection and analysis: We performed study selection, 'Risk of bias' assessment and data extraction in duplicate. We estimated risk ratios (RR) for dichotomous outcomes. We calculated the number needed to treat for an additional beneficial outcome (NNTB). We measured statistical heterogeneity using the I2 statistic. We used a random-effects model. We conducted trial sequential analyses, Bayes factor, and fragility indices where appropriate. Main results: In this third update, we identified three new randomised controlled trials, for a total of 15 randomised controlled trials involving 71,422 participants. Nine trials (60%) had low risk of bias, length of follow-up ranged from one to 7.3 years. Compared with placebo, there were no differences in effects of homocysteine-lowering interventions on myocardial infarction (homocysteine-lowering = 7.1% versus placebo = 6.0%; RR 1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.95 to 1.10, I2 = 0%, 12 trials; N = 46,699; Bayes factor 1.04, high-quality evidence), death from any cause (homocysteine-lowering = 11.7% versus placebo = 12.3%, RR 1.01, 95% CI 0.96 to 1.06, I2 = 0%, 11 trials, N = 44,817; Bayes factor = 1.05, high-quality evidence), or serious adverse events (homocysteine-lowering = 8.3% versus comparator = 8.5%, RR 1.07, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.14, I2 = 0%, eight trials, N = 35,788; high-quality evidence). Compared with placebo, homocysteine-lowering interventions were associated with reduced stroke outcome (homocysteine-lowering = 4.3% versus comparator = 5.1%, RR 0.90, 95% CI 0.82 to 0.99, I2 = 8%, 10 trials, N = 44,224; high-quality evidence). Compared with low doses, there were uncertain effects of high doses of homocysteine-lowering interventions on stroke (high = 10.8% versus low = 11.2%, RR 0.90, 95% CI 0.66 to 1.22, I2 = 72%, two trials, N = 3929; very low-quality evidence). We found no evidence of publication bias. Authors' conclusions: In this third update of the Cochrane review, there were no differences in effects of homocysteine-lowering interventions in the form of supplements of vitamins B6, B9 or B12 given alone or in combination comparing with placebo on myocardial infarction, death from any cause or adverse events. In terms of stroke, this review found a small difference in effect favouring to homocysteine-lowering interventions in the form of supplements of vitamins B6, B9 or B12 given alone or in combination comparing with placebo. There were uncertain effects of enalapril plus folic acid compared with enalapril on stroke; approximately 143 (95% CI 85 to 428) people would need to be treated for 5.4 years to prevent 1 stroke, this evidence emerged from one mega-trial. Trial sequential analyses showed that additional trials are unlikely to increase the certainty about the findings of this issue regarding homocysteine-lowering interventions versus placebo. There is a need for additional trials comparing homocysteine-lowering interventions combined with antihypertensive medication versus antihypertensive medication, and homocysteine-lowering interventions at high doses versus homocysteine-lowering interventions at low doses. Potential trials should be large and co-operative. © 2017 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Katsarolis I.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Poulakou G.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Athanasia S.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Kourea-Kremastinou J.,Biomedicine Laboratories | And 11 more authors.
International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents | Year: 2010

The objectives of this study were to explore the epidemiological features and resistance rates in uropathogens isolated from cases of acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) in Greece, and subsequently to guide empirical treatment. Urine samples from outpatients aged >16 years were cultured and for each uropathogen isolated non-susceptibility to orally administered antimicrobial agents was defined. Demographic and clinical data were provided in questionnaire form. From January 2005 to March 2006 a total of 1936 non-duplicate positive urinary cultures were collected and 889 AUC cases were evaluated. Escherichia coli was the main aetiological agent (83%). In the AUC group, non-susceptibility rates for E. coli isolates were as follows: amoxicillin 25.8%; co-trimoxazole 19.2%; cefalothin 14.9%; nitrofurantoin 10.7%; amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 5.2%; nalidixic acid 6%; mecillinam 3.4%; ciprofloxacin 2.2%; cefuroxime 1.7%, and fosfomycin 1.6%. Amoxicillin and/or co-trimoxazole use in the previous 3 months was significantly associated with isolation of a co-trimoxazole-resistant E. coli isolate. The same applied for previous use of a fluoroquinolone agent and isolation of a ciprofloxacin-resistant E. coli isolate. In conclusion, increased co-trimoxazole non-susceptibility rates undermine its use as a first-line agent in empirical treatment, especially in cases of recent use of co-trimoxazole and/or amoxicillin. Fluoroquinolones display potent in vitro activity against community uropathogens, but prudent use is warranted for uncomplicated infections. Mecillinam and nitrofurantoin could serve as effective front-line agents in an effort to design fluoroquinolones-sparing regimens. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy.


Provatopoulou X.,Hellenic Anticancer Institute | Georgiadou D.,George Gennimatas General Hospital | Sergentanis T.N.,Hellenic Anticancer Institute | Kalogera E.,Hellenic Anticancer Institute | And 3 more authors.
Inflammation Research | Year: 2014

Background: Thyroid disorders, including thyroid cancer and autoimmune thyroid diseases, have been closely associated with inflammation. Objective: This study aims to investigate the role of inflammation in thyroid disease by assessing serum cytokine levels in patients with malignant and benign thyroid conditions. Methods: Serum levels of ten interleukins (IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 and IL-13) were quantitatively determined in 20 patients with thyroid cancer, 38 patients with benign thyroid disease and 50 healthy controls by multiplex technology. Results: Serum IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5 and IL-6 levels were strongly associated with each other. IL-10 and IL-12 correlated with IL-1β, IL-5, IL-6, and with each other. Age was inversely correlated with serum levels of IL-2, IL-4 and IL-13. A positive correlation between T3 and IL-13 levels was also observed. Significantly higher levels of IL-6, IL-7, IL-10 and IL-13, as well as significantly lower levels of IL-8 were observed in patients with benign and malignant thyroid disease compared to controls. The combination of IL-13 and IL-8 in a two-marker panel was highly efficient in discriminating thyroid disorders (AUC 0.90). Conclusions: Malignant and benign thyroid conditions are associated with altered expression levels of interleukins, supporting the association between thyroid disease and underlying inflammatory processes. © 2014 Springer.


Perysinakis I.,George Gennimatas General Hospital | Margaris I.,George Gennimatas General Hospital | Kouraklis G.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Histopathology | Year: 2014

Aims: Ampullary cancer is a relatively uncommon tumour, with a better prognosis than pancreatic cancer. The purpose of this study was to review the recent literature on ampullary adenocarcinoma, focusing on histological types and prognostic factors. Methods and results: Using PubMed, we carried out a comprehensive search of the literature, which was extended to April 2013 to retrieve all additional publications. Ampullary cancer comprises two main histological subtypes, the pancreatobiliary type and the intestinal type. These subtypes have different pathogenetic and clinical characteristics. Clinical and histological parameters as well as immunohistochemical markers have been identified as significant prognostic factors in ampullary cancer. Moreover, several immunohistochemical markers have been studied, not only as prognostic factors but as a means of differentiating ampullary from other peri-ampullary tumours, and of identifying the exact histological subtype. Conclusions: The considerable differences in the frequencies of the two subtypes of ampullary tumours reported in literature reinforce the necessity to define molecular markers to distinguish them. Until then, the significance of the histological subtype as a prognostic factor should be evaluated cautiously. Future research on the pathogenesis of ampullary cancer will possibly suggest that we should stop treating this type of cancer as a separate entity. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Georgiadou D.,George Gennimatas General Hospital | Sergentanis T.N.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Sakellariou S.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Filippakis G.M.,Hippokratio Hospital | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2014

Abstract Objectives The significance of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inhibitor of differentiation/DNA synthesis (Id-1) in tumor neoangiogenesis and tumor progression in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is still unclear. Given the central role of VEGF in cancer angiogenesis and the inconclusive results on Id-1 expression in PDAC, it is of great interest to investigate whether Id-1 and VEGF expression are associated with angiogenesis and prognosis in PDAC. Methods Paraffin-embedded specimens from 60 consecutive patients with PDAC were immunostained for VEGF, Id-1 and CD34 and staining quantification was assessed by Image analysis system. The correlations among the expression of individual angiogenic factors and microvessel density (MVD), clinicopathologic features and clinical prognosis were analyzed. Results Id-1 and VEGF Positive Activity Indices (PAIs) closely correlated with each other. MVD positively correlated with both Id-1 and VEGF expression. More advanced T and N status correlated with more intense expression of Id-1, VEGF and higher MVD. With regard to prognostic significance higher Id-1 PAI (adjusted HR = 1.69, 95%CI: 1.10-2.59, p = 0.017), higher VEGF PAI (adjusted HR = 2.66, 95%CI: 1.09-6.50, p = 0.032), and MVD (adjusted HR = 1.55, 95%CI: 1.27-1.88, p < 0.001) were associated with poorer survival. Conclusions VEGF and Id-1 overexpression were found to be associated with high MVD and emerged as adverse prognostic factors in terms of patient survival in PDAC. The potential of selective anti-angiogenic targeting therapy for pancreatic malignancies should prompt further validation of the present findings in studies encompassing larger samples and more elaborate techniques. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Xynos E.,InterClinic Hospital of Heraklion | Tekkis P.,Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust | Gouvas N.,Metropolitan Hospital of Piraeus | Chrysou E.,University Hospital of Heraklion | And 22 more authors.
Annals of Gastroenterology | Year: 2016

In rectal cancer management, accurate staging by magnetic resonance imaging, neo-adjuvant treatment with the use of radiotherapy, and total mesorectal excision have resulted in remarkable improvement in the oncological outcomes. However, there is substantial discrepancy in the therapeutic approach and failure to adhere to international guidelines among different Greek- Cypriot hospitals. The present guidelines aim to aid the multidisciplinary management of rectal cancer, considering both the local special characteristics of our healthcare system and the international relevant agreements (ESMO, EURECCA). Following background discussion and online communication sessions for feedback among the members of an executive team, a consensus rectal cancer management was obtained. Statements were subjected to the Delphi methodology voting system on two rounds to achieve further consensus by invited multidisciplinary international experts on colorectal cancer. Statements were considered of high, moderate or low consensus if they were voted by ≥80%, 60-80%, or <60%, respectively; those obtaining a low consensus level after both voting rounds were rejected. One hundred and two statements were developed and voted by 100 experts. The mean rate of abstention per statement was 12.5% (range: 2-45%). In the end of the process, all statements achieved a high consensus. Guidelines and algorithms of diagnosis and treatment were proposed. The importance of centralization, care by a multidisciplinary team, adherence to guidelines, and personalization is emphasized. © 2016 Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology.


Xynos E.,InterClinic Hospital of Heraklion | Gouvas N.,METROPOLITAN Hospital of Piraeus | Triantopoulou C.,Konstantopouleio Hospital of Athens | Tekkis P.,Konstantopouleio Hospital of Athens | And 24 more authors.
Annals of Gastroenterology | Year: 2016

Despite considerable improvement in the management of colon cancer, there is a great deal of variation in the outcomes among European countries, and in particular among different hospital centers in Greece and Cyprus. Discrepancy in the approach strategies and lack of adherence to guidelines for the management of colon cancer may explain the situation. The aim was to elaborate a consensus on the multidisciplinary management of colon cancer, based on European guidelines (ESMO and EURECCA), and also taking into account local special characteristics of our healthcare system. Following discussion and online communication among members of an executive team, a consensus was developed. Statements entered the Delphi voting system on two rounds to achieve consensus by multidisciplinary international experts. Statements with an agreement rate of ≥80% achieved a large consensus, while those with an agreement rate of 60-80% a moderate consensus. Statements achieving an agreement of <60% after both rounds were rejected and not presented. Sixty statements on the management of colon cancer were subjected to the Delphi methodology. Voting experts were 109. The median rate of abstain per statement was 10% (range: 0-41%). In the end of the voting process, all statements achieved a consensus by more than 80% of the experts. A consensus on the management of colon cancer was developed by applying the Delphi methodology. Guidelines are proposed along with algorithms of diagnosis and treatment. The importance of centralization, care by a multidisciplinary team, and adherence to guidelines is emphasized. © 2016 Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology.


PubMed | George Gennimatas General Hospital and National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of surgical pathology | Year: 2016

The purpose of this study was to associate immunohistochemical expression of -catenin, EGFR, CK7, CK20, MUC1, MUC2, and CDX2 in ampullary adenocarcinomas with the type of differentiation and prognosis.Forty-seven patients with ampullary adenocarcinoma who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy with curative intent from 1997 to 2014 were included in this study. Nine patients with perioperative death were included in the association analysis but excluded from survival analysis. All tumors were classified as intestinal or pancreatobiliary type, according to histologic criteria, and immunohistochemically stained against the aforementioned markers.Eighteen carcinomas were classified as intestinal type and 29 carcinomas as pancreatobiliary type. Univariate analysis revealed that CK20 and CDX2 expression correlates with intestinal type, whereas MUC1 positivity indicates pancreatobiliary type. A marginally significant trend was shown for intestinal-type tumors toward larger size and more frequent MUC2 expression. Using multivariate analysis CK20 ( P = .003) and MUC1 ( P = .004) were identified as independent predictors of the intestinal and pancreatobiliary types, respectively. Mean and median survival was 90.3 and 55 months, respectively. Overall 5-year survival rate was 48%. On univariate survival analysis, overall survival was adversely influenced by the number of infiltrated lymph nodes, elevated Ca19-9 serum levels, jaundice, poor differentiation, T4 stage, N1 stage, TNM stage III, and CDX2 immunonegativity. Multivariate analysis identified TNM stage as the only independent prognostic factor in ampullary adenocarcinoma ( P = .048).Immunoreactivity against CK20 and MUC1 in ampullary carcinomas is a useful adjunct to histologic examination in determining histotype. None of the immunohistochemical markers studied had prognostic significance.


PubMed | George Gennimatas General Hospital and National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pathology, research and practice | Year: 2016

Subclassification of ampullary adenocarcinomas into intestinal and pancreatobiliary type has prognostic and therapeutic implications. Immunohistochemical staining against specific biomarkers has been proven to be a useful adjunct in determining the exact histotype. Furthermore the immunohistochemical profile is suggestive of the molecular pathogenic mechanisms through which the tumor evolved. The aim of this study was to correlate p53, MDM2, CK7, CK20, MUC1, MUC2 and CDX2 expression in ampullary adenocarcinomas with the type of differentiation and patients survival.Forty-seven radically resected ampullary adenocarcinomas were included in this study. Thirty-eight of them were eligible for survival analysis. Patients data were retrospectively collected. All tumors were classified as intestinal or pancreatobiliary type, according to histologic criteria, and immunohistochemically stained against the aforementioned markers.There were 18 intestinal and 29 pancreatobiliary type ampullary adenocarcinomas. A trend was found between intestinal type tumors and large tumor size. CK20, MUC2 and CDX2 expression was more prevalent in intestinal type tumors, while MUC1 was more frequently expressed in pancreatobiliary type tumors. Neither p53 nor MDM2 differential expression between the two histotypes reached statistical significance. Multivariate analysis indicated CK20 and MUC1 as independent predictors of the histotype. Mean and median survival was 90.3 and 55 months respectively. Overall 5-year survival rate was 48%. Survival analysis indicated TNM stage as the only independent prognostic factor. Although significant difference in survival rates among the two histotypes was implied based on survival plots, this difference could not gain statistical significance.Immunoreactivity against CK20 and MUC1 in ampullary carcinomas is a useful adjunct to histologic examination in determining histotype. None of the immunohistochemical markers studied has prognostic significance. Future studies focused on other signaling pathways should seek further evidence of distinct tumorigenic mechanisms between histotypes of ampullary adenocarcinoma.


PubMed | Medical Oncology, Metaxas Cancer Hospital, Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust, Athens Naval & Veterans Hospital and 16 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of gastroenterology : quarterly publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology | Year: 2016

There is discrepancy and failure to adhere to current international guidelines for the management of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) in hospitals in Greece and Cyprus. The aim of the present document is to provide a consensus on the multidisciplinary management of metastastic CRC, considering both special characteristics of our Healthcare System and international guidelines. Following discussion and online communication among the members of an executive team chosen by the Hellenic Society of Medical Oncology (HeSMO), a consensus for metastastic CRC disease was developed. Statements were subjected to the Delphi methodology on two voting rounds by invited multidisciplinary international experts on CRC. Statements reaching level of agreement by 80% were considered as having achieved large consensus, whereas statements reaching 60-80% moderate consensus. One hundred and nine statements were developed. Ninety experts voted for those statements. The median rate of abstain per statement was 18.5% (range: 0-54%). In the end of the process, all statements achieved a large consensus. The importance of centralization, care by a multidisciplinary team, adherence to guidelines, and personalization is emphasized. R0 resection is the only intervention that may offer substantial improvement in the oncological outcomes.

Loading George Gennimatas General Hospital collaborators
Loading George Gennimatas General Hospital collaborators