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Badroo G.A.,FVSc and AH | Taku A.,FVSc and AH | Mir I.A.,FVSc and AH | Bhat M.A.,FVSc and AH | And 2 more authors.
Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine | Year: 2017

Dichelobacter nodosus from ovine footrot was characterized for pgr and intA genes. Out of 260 samples collected from clinical cases of ovine footrot only 107 were found positive for D. nodosus by species-specific 16S r RNA-PCR. The overall prevalence of footrot based on clinical symptoms was estimated to be 10.57%. Serological diversity studies based on fimA gene revealed the presence of two serogroups of D. nodosus viz. B and E only. Out of 107 D. nodosus positive samples, 101(94.39%) were positive for serogroup B, while remaining six (5.60%) samples showed the presence of serogroup E. None of the samples revealed mixed infection with two or more serogroups. The samples positive for 16S rRNA were subjected to detection of the intA genes. A total of 67 (62.61%) samples were found to carry the intA gene. Since 63.36% of serogroup B positive samples and 50.00% of serogroup E positive samples carried intA gene, there appeared to be no bias towards either of the serogroups. Ten intA positive and 10 intA negative samples were randomly selected and subjected to detection of pgr genes. pgrA gene was present in all the intA positive and intA negative samples screened, suggesting no correlation between the occurrence of the intA gene and pgrA variants. However, pgr analysis appeared much more reliable than intA gene analysis for detection of virulent strains of D. nodosus. Considerable heterogeneity in pgrA variants offers significant potential as a molecular tool in future epidemiological studies. © 2017, Israel Veterinary Medical Association. All rights reserved.


Kour J.,National Dairy Research Institute | Ahmed J.,F.V.S.C. and A.H. | Aarif O.,National Dairy Research Institute
Indian Journal of Animal Research | Year: 2015

A study was conducted on twelve clinically normal and healthy New Zealand White rabbits of both sexes, weighing between 2-3 kg, and aged between 1-3 years to observe electrocardiogram and its changes during cold stress. The heart rate decreasednon significantly with fall in temperature.During cold stress no significant changes were observed in the amplitude and duration of waves from the normal but there was a characteristic appearance of ‘J’ wave at -12°C that was prominent at -15°C. © 2015 Agricultural Research Communication Centre. All rights reserved.


Mahajan S.,F.V.Sc and AH | Agrawal R.,F.V.Sc and AH | Kumar M.,C.V.A.Sc. | Mohan A.,C.V.A.Sc. | Pande N.,F.V.Sc and AH
Small Ruminant Research | Year: 2012

A total of 162 clinical samples (34 nasal swabs, 34 oral swabs, 34 rectal swabs, 26 occular swabs, 26 blood samples and 08 tissue samples) from 34 animals (13 sheep and 21 goats) of 13 flocks suspected for Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) were collected from live and dead animals and tested through sandwich-ELISA for detection of PPR virus. In the live animals, the highest positivity for PPRV antigen detection by sandwich-ELISA was reported in nasal swabs (57.69%) followed by ocular swabs (53.38%), oral swabs (46.15%), blood samples (42.30%) and rectal swabs (19.23%) samples. Whereas in case of dead animals the highest positivity was observed in tissue samples (50.00%) followed by nasal (37.50%), oral (25.00%) and rectal (12.50%) swab samples when compared parallel to each other. A sensitivity of 100% was shown by nasal swab samples in live animals and by tissue samples in case of dead animals when compared with others, assuming them as gold standard. The study revealed the diagnostic value of clinical samples such as nasal swabs, ocular swabs, oral swabs, rectal swabs, blood samples and tissue samples in detection of PPR virus antigen by sandwich ELISA in small ruminants. © 2012 Elsevier B.V..


Khan N.N.,FVSc and AH | Kumar N.,FVSc and AH | Das A.K.,FVSc and AH | Chakraborty D.,FVSc and AH | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Animal Research | Year: 2015

Data on 4186 lambs pertaining to 94 rams of Rambouillet and their crosses over the ten years (1998-2007) at Government Sheep Breeding and Research Farm, Reasi, Jammu, were studied. The averages were 1.49±0.009 kg, 5.52±0.02 cm and 21.25±0.01 μ for greasy fleece weight (GFW), staple length (SL) and fiber diameter (FD) respectively. The highest CV (%) was observed for greasy fleece weight where as the lowest CV (%) was observed for fiber diameter. The least-squares means were 1.51±0.02 kg, 5.64±0.04 cm and 21.27±0.03 μ for greasy fleece weight, staple length, and fiber diameter respectively. The effect of year of lambing had significant effect (P<0.01) for all the traits under present study. The effect of season of lambing was non-significant for all the traits. The effect of sex was significant (P<0.01) for greasy fleece weight only. However, no systematic trend was observed over the year, season of lambing and sex for all three the traits studied. The estimates of heritability were high for GFW (0.49) and FD (0.55), where as for SL it was low (0.15). The genetic and phenotypic correlations were either negative or low and in some cases it was both low and negative. These estimates revealed that there is scope for genetic improvement of these traits through appropriate selection methods and index. © 2014, Indian Journal of Animal Research. All Rights Reserved.


Shah M.M.,Rajbag Colony | Shah M.A.,University Of Kashmir | Dar B.A.,Beruwah College | Iqbal S.,FVSc and AH
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2012

Stace, one of the most influential mystical philosopher of the twentieth century who distinctively defended mysticism vis-à-vis modern scientific challenge and whose perspective on the autonomy of both mysticism and modern science has been widely debated, shares with Iqbal mystical approach as well as deep respect for modern scientific methodology and Philosophy. Both appropriate the claims of modern science in their interpretation of knowledge and existence claims of religion. Both argue for compatibility thesis. Both are for reconstruction/reinterpretation of traditional theological claims in the light of modern scientific developments. Both assume independent grounding for religion and science. Both adopt the argument of religious experience to prove the empirical (scientific) character of religion. Despite all this both differ in their formulation of the argument of religious experience and the relationship of God to the world and certain other important points. A comparative study of the two philosophers will thus be profitable as certain problematic areas in Iqbalian position will also get foregrounded. Distinct strengths in Stace's presentation derive from the fact that he rejects ad hoc compromises on both sides, provides quite an independent grounding for both of them, is not ambiguous and takes a more consistent and comprehensive view of both the disciplines. If we accept essential insights of Stace Iqbalian case for compatibility gets proportionately weakened. The perennialist approach to the question of relation between religion and science though in certain respects quite divergent from Stace's however concurs with him in questioning Iqbalian approach.


Mahajan S.,F.V.Sc and AH | Agrawal R.,F.V.Sc and AH | Kumar M.,C.V.A.Sc. | Mohan A.,C.V.A.Sc. | Pande N.,F.V.Sc and AH
Small Ruminant Research | Year: 2012

The present investigation included a detailed description of risk of PPR in small ruminants and its association with various host and environmental factors. A total of 432 serum samples comprising of 216 samples (108 sheep and 108 goats) from migratory and 216 samples (108 sheep and108 goats) from non-migratory flocks of sheep and goat were screened for PPR antibodies using competitive-ELISA. The overall seroprevalence of PPR in migratory flocks (33.79%) was significantly (. p<. 0.05) higher as compared to non-migratory flocks (24.07%). The seroprevalence of PPR in sheep (29.16%) was higher than that of goat (28.70%) but the difference was non-significant, age wise seroprevalence was significantly (. p<. 0.05) higher in >12 months age group (39.58%) followed by 8-12 months (26.38%) and 4-8 months (20.83%) age group. On risk factor analysis, it was observed that at 95% confidence interval, odd ratio was higher in migratory (1.610) than non-migratory (0.612) flocks, in sheep (1.023) than goats (0.978), the value of odd ratio was higher in >12 months age group (2.490 and 1.828) as compared to 4-8 months and 8-12 months, respectively. The overall sex wise seroprevalence in males (33.33%) was significantly (. p<. 0.05) higher than in females (24.53%) and also risk factor analysis revealed a higher odd ratio in males (1.538, overall; 1.581, migratory and 1.503, non-migratory) than in females (0.650, overall; 0.633, migratory and 0.655 non-migratory). The present study relates the variation of PPR risk in association with species, age, sex, sheep and goat husbandry practices. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Shah M.M.,Rajbag Colony | Shah M.A.,University Of Kashmir | Dar B.A.,Beruwah College | Iqbal S.,FVSc and AH
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2011

Iqbal engaged with demythologizing, rationalist (as distinguished from intellectualist), reductionist, evolutionist, secularist orientation of modern scientific thought from the perspective of Muslim theology and philosophy and was in turn, like certain other Muslim modernists, influenced, in varying degrees, by all or some of these elements. Iqbal's attempt to reconcile otherwise divergent epistemic and cognitive discourses of Islam and modern science makes him one of the key contributors to the now familiar debate on religion and science though his contribution has not received due consideration from scholars. The aim of the present study is to appraise his central thesis that there are great affinities between what are often perceive to be warring worldviews of Islam and modern science. He focuses on the methodology of modern science and important philosophical ideas generally upheld by modern scientific community and seeks to appropriate them in his view of Islam. Limitations of Iqbal's response to the challenge of secular science are also pointed out. Importance of his approach for modernist thought is emphasized.


Kant V.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | Srivastava A.K.,National Dairy Research Institute | Raina R.,FVSc and AH | Verma P.K.,FVSc and AH | Singh P.,FVSc and AH
Fluoride | Year: 2010

As part of a recent study on goats, alterations in enzymatic parameters were determined after oral administration for 30 days of 20 mg of NaF/kg bw/day to four healthy goats (Group 1) plus the same dose of NaF with 150 mg of aluminium sulphate/kg bw/day to another four healthy goats (Group 2). Significant decreases (p < 0.01) in acetylcholinesterase, phosphatases, and alanine aminotransferase activities were observed in both groups of goats, and a significant increase (p < 0.05) in aspartate aminotransferase activity was observed in only the Group 1 goats. The results indicated that concurrent administration of aluminium sulphate failed to show ameliorative action on the enzymatic alterations induced during subacute intoxication by NaF © 2010 The International Society for Fluoride Research Inc.


Yousuf R.,University Of Kashmir | Hussain Mir S.,University Of Kashmir | Tanveer S.,University Of Kashmir | Chishti M.Z.,University Of Kashmir | And 2 more authors.
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2012

The present study was conducted to evaluate the comparative biochemical profile of Schizothorax niger (endemic fish) and Cyprinus carpio (exotic fish) from the River Jhelum seasonally for a period of two years. In case of Schizothorax niger the varied seasonal biochemical parameters for protein (1.11±0.02 to 4.32±0.13 mg/dl), albumin (1.02 mg/dl to 0.10±0.38 mg/dl), globulin (0.09 ±0.02 mg/dl to 2.37±0.15 mg/dl), blood glucose (137.8±17.00 mg/dl to 340.1±17.00 mg/dl), urea (16.1±1.41 mg/dl to 22.8±3.13 mg/dl), creatinine (0.15±0.05mg/dl to 1.19±0.07 mg/dl), and cholesterol (37.21±2.60 mg/dl to 95.31±5.30 mg/dl) were observed during the entire period of study. In contrast, Cyprinus carpio showed different values seasonally with regard to protein (1.05±0.05 to 3.79±0.30 mg/dl), albumin (0.92±0.16 mg/dl to 2.66±0.13 mg/dl), globulin (0.06 ±0.05 mg/dl to 2.18±0.19 mg/dl), blood glucose (196.1±25.59 mg/dl to 352.25±24.59 mg/dl), urea (16.2±0.43 mg/dl to 23.3±2.99 mg/dl), creatinine (0.19±0.09mg/dl to 1.19±0.07 mg/dl), and cholesterol (42.66±3.82 mg/dl to 98.22±2.98 mg/dl). In both the fish hosts the higher biochemical values were recorded in the summer season and the lower values in the winter season during the study period. The seasonal differences in the biochemical parameters of the fish can be attributed to the water pollution of River Jhelum by various contaminants including metals and the comparative higher values in Schizothorax niger can be speculated to be due to the higher sensitivity of the host. From the present study it may be inferred that the change in biochemical parameters of the native fish would be one of the reasons for its decline from fresh water resources of the Kashmir Valley.


Zaz M.A.,SKIMS Medical College Hospital | Dass T.,SKIMS Medical College Hospital | Muhee A.,FVSc and AH | Kawoosa U.,Government Medical College
Hernia | Year: 2011

Spontaneous evisceration is a very rare and potentially fatal complication of abdominal wall hernia. It has been commonly reported in the case of umbilical hernia in patients with chronic liver disease with tense ascites. With other hernias, such as incisional hernia and inguinal hernia, the complication has been reported only once. Here we present a case report of spontaneous evisceration in an inguinal hernia in a patient with comorbid chronic obstructive airway disease. Management of the condition using prosthetic mesh repair risks mesh infection, while the use of non-prosthetic repair risks recurrence of the hernia due to the absence of stout natural tissues. Use of a biological mesh for the condition seems quite plausible. Thorough saline washes of the eviscerated organ, excision of redundant/unhealthy skin and strict adherence to the fundamental principles of hernia repair is desired in managing the condition. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

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