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Qian X.,Southern Medical University | Song X.,Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | He Y.,Southern Medical University | Yang Z.,Huanggang Central Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy

Cyclin B2 (CCNB2), a member of cyclin family proteins, serves a key role in progression of G2/M transition. The clinical value of CCNB2 in non-small cell lung cancer is still unknown. The aim of our study is to identify the role of CCNB2 in NSCLC patients. The status of CCNB2 in NSCLC tissues and normal lung tissues was observed in Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO: GSE19804). CCNB2 mRNA and protein expressions were detected in NSCLC and normal lung tissues by using Real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. The association of CCNB protein expression with clinical characteristics of 186 NSCLC patients was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Based on microarray data (GEO: GSE19804), we observed that CCNB2 was significantly overexpressed in NSCLC tissues compared with paired adjacent normal lung tissue. Furthermore, we verified mRNA and protein levels of CCNB2 expression were both increased in NSCLC tissues. We found high levels of CCNB2 protein were positively associated with the status of differentiated degree, tumor size, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and clinical stage. Meanwhile, CCNB2 protein overexpression was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor for the overall survival of patients with NSCLC. In conclusion, overexpression of CCNB2 protein is associated with clinical progression and poor prognosis in NSCLC. © 2015 . Source

Kong D.-R.,Anhui Medical University | Ma C.,Fuyang Second Peoples Hospital | Wang M.,Tongling Vocational Technology College | Wang J.-G.,Anhui Medical University | And 5 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology

AIM: To compare the effects of propranolol (PR) to that of PR plus isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN) on variceal pressure in patients with schistosomiasis. METHODS: Forty-eight patients with schistosomiasis who had no previous variceal bleeding were treated with PR alone or PR plus ISMN. Seven patients refused variceal pressure manometry (3 receiving PR and 4 receiving PR plus ISMN). One patient withdrew from the trial due to headache after taking ISMN. At the time of termination, twenty patients were randomly assigned to treatment with PR plus ISMN or PR alone. The dose of PR was adjusted until the resting heart rate had been reduced by 25% or was less than 55 bpm. In the PR plus ISMN group, after PR was titrated to the same target, the dose of ISMN was increased up to 20 mg orally twice a day. Variceal pressure was measured using a noninvasive endoscopic balloon technique at the end of the 6-mo treatment period. RESULTS: In 40 patients (20 in the PR group and 20 in the PR plus ISMN group), variceal pressure was measured before treatment and at the end of the 6-mo treatment period. PR or PR plus ISMN treatment caused a significant reduction in variceal pressure (PR group: from 24.15 ± 6.05 mmHg to 22.68 ± 5.70 mmHg, P = 0.001; PR plus ISMN group: from 25.69 ± 5.26 mmHg to 20.48 ± 5.43 mmHg; P < 0.001). The percentage decrease in variceal pressure was significant after PR plus ISMN compared with that after PR alone (15.93% ± 8.37% vs 6.05% ± 3.67%, P = 0.01). One patient in the PR plus ISMN group and two patients in the PR group had variceal bleeding during follow-up. There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding the incidence of variceal bleeding. In the PR plus ISMN group, three patients had headache and hypotension. The headache was mild and transient and promptly disappeared after continuation of the relevant drug in two patients. Only one patient withdrew from the trial due to severe and lasting headache after taking ISMN. No side effects occurred in the PR group. CONCLUSION: PR plus ISMN therapy may be an alternative treatment for patients with schistosomiasis who have a high risk of bleeding. © 2013 Baishideng. All rights reserved. Source

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