Islamabad, Pakistan
Islamabad, Pakistan

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Baig F.,FUUAST | Fahad Khan M.,Foundation University | Beg S.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
Journal of Information Display | Year: 2013

This paper presents a real-time video-based pointing method that allows the sketching and writing of English text over air in front of a mobile camera. The proposed method has two main tasks. First, it tracks the colored fingertip in the video frames and then applies English optical character reorganization over the plotted images to recognize the written characters. Moreover, the proposed method provides a natural human-system interaction without requiring a keypad, stylus, pen, glove, or any other device for character inputs. For the experiments, an application was developed using OpenCv with the JAVA language. The proposed method was tested on a Samsung Galaxy3 android mobile phone. The proposed algorithm showed an average accuracy rate of 92.083% when tested for different shaped alphabets. Here, more than 3000 different shaped characters were used. The proposed system is a software-based approach and is relevantly very simple, fast, and easy to use. It does not require sensors or any hardware other than a camera and red tape, and is applicable to all disconnected languages. It has one issue, though it is color-sensitive in that the existence of any red-colored object in the background before the start of and during the character writing can lead to false results. © 2013 The Korean Information Display Society.


Hassan N.,Hazara University | Hassan N.,Quaid-i-Azam University | Irfan M.,FUUAST | Khan N.A.,Quaid-i-Azam University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Applied Physics | Year: 2012

The effect of oxygen annealing on the excess conductivity of Cu 0.5Tl 0.25M 0.25Ba 2Ca 2Cu 3O 10-δ (M K, Na, Li, Tl) samples is investigated. From the analysis of results, we have evaluated the exponents, the coherence length, the crossover temperature, and interlayer coupling strength (J) of the samples. These studies show that the K-doped post-annealed sample has shown narrow transition width with improvement in 2D and 3D conductivities. Oxygen annealing has also enhanced the coherence length and interlayer coupling strength of the material. Na- and Li-doped post-annealed samples have shown increased transition width, poor 2D and 3D conductivities within narrow temperature windows. After annealing, reduction in coherence length and the interlayer coupling strength is also observed. While in Tl-doped sample, oxygen annealing has not caused much deviation in fluctuation induced conductivity (FIC) parameters. The underlying cause of improved behavior of post-annealed K-doped sample is also discussed. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.


Rehan I.,FUUAST | Rehan K.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | Sultana S.,Government College University at Faisalabad | Oun Ul Haq M.,Quaid-i-Azam University | And 2 more authors.
EPJ Applied Physics | Year: 2016

We presents spectroscopic study of the plasma generated by a Q-switched Nd:YAG (1064 nm) laser irradiation of the flesh of red and white skin potatoes. From the spectra recorded with spectrometer (LIBS2500+, Ocean Optics, USA) 11 elements were identified in red skin potato, whereas, the white skin potato was found to have nine elements. Their relative concentrations were estimated using CF-LIBS method for the plasma in local thermodynamic equilibrium. The target was placed in ambient air at atmospheric pressure. The electron temperature and number density were calculated from Boltzmann plot and stark broadened line profile methods, respectively using Fe I spectral lines. The spatial distribution of plasma parameters were also studied which show a decreasing trend of 6770 K-4266 K and (3-2.0) × 1016 cm-3. Concentrations of the detected elements were monitored as a function of depth of the potatoes. Our study reveals a decreasing tendency in concentration of iron from top to the centre of potato's flesh, whereas, the concentrations of other elements vary randomly. © EDP Sciences, 2016.


Siddiqui A.A.,FUUAST | Manzoor M.M.,FUUAST | Ijaz A.,FUUAST | Khan A.U.,ICT | And 2 more authors.
ICICT 2011 - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies | Year: 2011

Emerging trends of mobile communication and ever growing demand of mobile users with high speed data requirements and migrating towards 4G, Co-Channel interference and multipath in urban/dense urban environment will limit the capacity of the network. Smart antenna is now recognized by its higher user capacity in 4G wireless networks by efficiently reducing multipath and co-channel interference. Smart Antenna use adaptive beam forming algorithms in a dynamic environment continuously adjusting the weight of antenna arrays for creating a beam to track desired users automatically, and minimize interference from other users by placing nulls in their directions. This research work provides comparative analysis to results of different blind and non blind adaptive algorithms for one desired angle and three undesired angles. These algorithms have been simulated in a GUI based application's interface develop in MATLAB. Results of simulation will help in beam forming and antenna design © 2011 IEEE.


Manzoor M.M.,University of Karachi | Aqeel M.,FUUAST | Sattar A.,FUUAST
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2010

Islamic banking is one the most blossoming doctrine in economic system of the world. The Fast growing awareness about Islamic financial system has brought strong feeling to Muslims to confront the western interest-based economic cycle. The Islamic economic system is emerging as a reliable alternative to the interest based system. This study is proposed to ascertain the motivational factors encouraging people to go for Islamic banking in Pakistan. These pulsing factors are determined by generation of hypothesis that there are certain factors which are urging people to opt Islamic banking system and to see the differences in their ranking by applying Friedman test. These factors include: Economically derived factors such as stability of Islamic banks in crisis, profit and loss sharing doctrine and equity sharing etc. This study also highlights the religiously derived factors such as interest free banking, Shariah tenets and supervisory of Islamic Shariah board and sociopsychological factors.

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