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Seogwipo, South Korea

Oh B.-S.,Southwest Research Institute | Oh D.-J.,Jeju Biodiversity Research Institute | Jung M.-M.,Future Aquaculture Research Center | Jung Y.-H.,Jeju Biodiversity Research Institute
Mitochondrial DNA | Year: 2012

We determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial (mt) genome for the longtooth grouper, Epinephelus bruneus (Perciformes, Serranidae). This mt genome, consisting of 16,686 base pairs (bp), encoded genes for 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNAs, 22 transfer RNAs, and a noncoding control region as those found in other vertebrates, with the gene order identical to that of typical vertebrates. A major noncoding region between the trnP and trnF genes (991 bp) was considered to be the control region (D-loop). Within this sequence, 22 copies of a 17-bp tandem repeat element, 50-TGATATTACATATATGC-30, were identified in the control region unlike previous reported Epinephelus species. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd..

Choi C.Y.,Korea Maritime and Ocean University | Shin H.S.,Korea Maritime and Ocean University | Kim N.N.,Korea Maritime and Ocean University | Yang S.-G.,Future Aquaculture Research Center | And 2 more authors.
Biological Rhythm Research | Year: 2015

In this study, we examined differences among the gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH), kisspeptin 1 (Kiss1), Kiss 1 receptor (G-protein-coupled receptor 54; GPR54), melatonin receptor 1 (MT1), and melatonin levels in brain cells of goldfish Carassius auratus exposed to white fluorescent light and three light-emitting diode (LED) wavelength and melatonin treatments in the culture medium. In the green and blue LED treatment groups, GnIH and MT1 mRNA expression levels were significantly lower than in the other groups; conversely, levels significantly increased in the melatonin treatment groups. Additionally, expression levels of Kiss1 and its receptor, GPR54, in the white fluorescent and red LED light groups were significantly lower than the other groups, but levels also significantly decreased in the melatonin treatment groups. These results suggest that white fluorescent and red wavelengths downregulate the production of neurohormones in the brains of C. auratus and thus may inhibit sexual maturation in goldfish. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

An H.S.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Yang S.G.,Future Aquaculture Research Center | Moon T.S.,Future Aquaculture Research Center | Park J.Y.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | And 4 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2014

The kelp grouper Epinephelus bruneus (Perciformes: Haemulidae), is one of the most economically important fishery resources in Korea. This fish is regarded as a target for prospective aquaculture diversification; therefore, maintenance of stock quality is important. To investigate the effects of current artificial reproduction in a hatchery facility, genetic variation in wild-caught broodstock and hatchery-produced offspring of kelp grouper was analyzed using eight polymorphic nuclear microsatellite DNA loci; 77 alleles were identified. Allelic variability ranged from 2 to 22 in the broodstock and from 1 to 10 in the offspring. The average observed and expected heterozygosities were 0.620 and 0.623 in the broodstock and 0.600 and 0.513 in the offspring, respectively. The possibility of a recent genetic bottleneck was suggested in both populations of E. bruneus. The minor, but significant, genetic differentiation (FST= 0.047, P < 0.05) observed was mainly due to statistically significant reductions in the number of alleles in the offspring compared with the broodstock, suggesting that these genetic changes could be related to genetic drift. Our results demonstrate the usefulness of microsatellite markers to monitor genetic variation and raise concerns about potential harmful genetic effects of inappropriate hatchery procedures. Therefore, genetic variation between broodstock and offspring in a hatchery should be monitored in both breeding and release programs as a routine hatchery operation, and inbreeding should ideally be controlled to improve kelp grouper hatchery management. Our data provide a useful genetic basis for future planning of sustainable culture and management of E. bruneus in fisheries. © FUNPEC-RP.

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