The Hochschule Furtwangen University , formerly the Fachhochschule Furtwangen , is a German University of applied science in Furtwangen im Schwarzwald, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.The university dates back to a school for clock making founded in 1850 by Robert Gerwig. After World War II, the school was split into two branches, one for engineering, the other for job training. The first one became a Fachhochschule when this new kind of universities was introduced in the early 1970s. Wikipedia.
Eng J.J.,University of British Columbia |
Reime B.,Furtwangen University of Applied Sciences
Clinical Rehabilitation | Year: 2014
Objective: The objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that examined the effects of structured exercise on depressive symptoms in stroke patients. Methods: We searched for published randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effect of structured exercise programs (e.g. functional, resistance, or aerobic training) on depressive symptoms. The mean effect size, a 95% confidence interval (CI) and I-squared (I2>) for heterogeneity were estimated. Sensitivity analyses were conducted. Results: Thirteen studies (n = 1022) were included in the meta-analysis. Exercise resulted in less depressive symptoms immediately after the exercise program ended, standardized mean difference = -0.13 [95% CI = -0.26, -0.01], I2 = 6%, p = 0.03, but these effects were not retained with longer term follow-up. Exercise appeared to have a positive effect on depressive symptoms across both the subacute (≤6 months post stroke) and chronic stage of recovery (>6 months). There was a significant effect of exercise on depressive symptoms when higher intensity studies were pooled, but not for lower intensity exercise protocols. Antidepressant medication use was not documented in the majority of studies and thus, its potential confounding interaction with exercise could not be assessed. Conclusions: Exercise may be a potential treatment to prevent or reduce depressive symptoms in individuals with subacute and chronic stroke. © The Author(s) 2014.
Heindl E.,Furtwangen University of Applied Sciences
WasserWirtschaft | Year: 2014
The energy transition ("Energiewende") depends on the development of new and efficient storage technologies. Today, pumped hydropower plants are the working horse of grid scale storage. The hydraulic hydro storage system introduced here is a further development of the pumped hydro concept, using less water and space for storing very large amounts of energy. For this purpose massive rock is lifted by hydraulic means. The necessary pressure and machinery is quite similar to conventional pumped storage power plants.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GERI-2-2014 | Award Amount: 999.90K | Year: 2015
The impact of gender diversity on research productivity, quality and innovation is very unevenly evidenced. Incremental insights from gender studies, team science and research evaluation exercises do not transcend these separate areas and are therefore of restricted analytical value. This can be seen, for example, in the understanding of gender as simply concerned with the numerical representation of the two sexes in most quantitative analyses. This not only factors out the gendered hierarchies and social processes that condition science in general and work group dynamics in particular, but severely hampers systematic comparisons of research performance impacts. Using innovative methods for the analysis of the diversity-research productivity relationship, Gedii will develop a reliable diversity measure that is sensitive to power, status and information sharing differentials within teams and across public & private organisations. This Gender-Diversity-Index (GDI) will thus provide a much more nuanced and realistic measure of the impact of gender diversity on research productivity, quality and innovation across countries and sectors. GDI scores will be explored in relation to a flexible set of performance indicators, including patent and bibliometric measures, combined with new indicators of social impact. Gediis evaluation framework thus responds to the growing concern with responsible research and innovation. To address the social relevance and utility of our research, Gedii will engage stakeholders early and often: through advisory groups, virtual challenges, and theme-based innovation testimonials. By combining disparate conceptual approaches to gender diversity with an innovative assessment tool, Gedii will for the first time provide clear and comprehensive evidence for the link between gender diversity and research performance and enable research policy- and decision-makers to significantly enhance the capacity of European research.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.1.4 | Award Amount: 14.11M | Year: 2012
Cloud and IT service providers should act as responsible stewards for the data of their customers and users. However the current absence of accountability frameworks for distributed IT services makes it difficult for users to understand, influence and determine how their service providers honour their obligations.\nA4Cloud will create solutions to support users in deciding and tracking how their data is used by cloud service providers. By combining methods of risk analysis, policy enforcement, monitoring and compliance auditing with tailored IT mechanisms for security, assurance and redress, A4Cloud aims to extend accountability across entire cloud service value chains, covering personal and business sensitive information in the cloud.\nA4Cloud solutions will support service providers in preventing breaches of trust by using audited policy enforcement techniques, assessing the potential impact of policy violations, detecting violations, managing incidents and obtaining redress.\nA4Cloud aims to improve the acceptability of cloud-based infrastructures where critical data is perceived to be at risk. It will develop techniques for improved trustworthiness of cloud ecosystems as prerequisite for accountability. Therefore it will create policies and tools that enforce responsibilities while striking a balance between transparency and privacy, and determine issues and constraints for regulators, corporate and institutional service providers, users, and their end-users.\nA4Cloud will have a lasting impact on the competitiveness of the European ICT sector by addressing major perceived barriers to trustworthy cloud-based services. These include concerns about complexity and enforceability of legal, regulatory and contractual provisions, socio-economic and corporate constraints, issues of trust for service-users such as risk-mitigation, privacy, confidentiality and transparency, and operational challenges such as interoperability and enforcing and monitoring compliance.
Azarhoushang B.,Furtwangen University of Applied Sciences |
Tawakoli T.,Furtwangen University of Applied Sciences
International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology | Year: 2011
Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are promising materials for many high-technology engineering applications in harsh and severe environments due to their superior properties. However, in spite of all advantages, the employment of CMCs has been impeded by their high machining and finishing costs. Many of recently developed CMCs are very difficult to machine with the conventional machining technology, and improvement of the existing machining process is required and crucial. To overcome the existing technological constraints in the grinding of CMCs, a special designed block sonotrode was invented (and was registered for patent). The realization of ultrasonic-assisted machining on conventional machine tools can be carried out with much less effort by means of the new invented system. The invented block sonotrode is a specially designed perforated plate and demonstrates a multi-resonant frequency behavior. Experimental results illustrate the high performance of the presented method. A significant reduction in grinding forces and surface roughness and an increase in G-ratio have been achieved. © 2011 Springer-Verlag London Limited.