Monteiro A.R.,Grande Rio University |
Dumith S.C.,Grande Rio University |
Goncalves T.S.,Secretaria de Assistencia Social |
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2016
The scope of this article is to measure the prevalence and identify factors associated with excess weight among young people living in the city of Caracol, Piaui, Brazil. Qualified interviewers applied a standardized questionnaire and assessed the anthropometric measurements of all young people (13 to 19 years of age) in their households. The questionnaires sought information on demographic, socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. The outcome was overweight in young people (BMI > 1 z score) calculated on the basis of body mass index (BMI) and classified in accordance with the new parameters of the World Health Organization. Poisson regression with robust adjustment of variance was used for the statistical analysis. Of the 1,088 young people studied, 10.5% were overweight. The occurrence of the outcome varied from 6% for young people belonging to the second income quartile to 19% for adolescents with a height deficit for their age. Even with the prevalence of overweight being below the national average in the semiarid region, the factors associated with their occurrence are already equal to the other areas of Brazil and there is a pressing need for early intervention aimed at preventing and reducing the current overweight levels. © 2016, Associacao Brasileira de Pos - Graduacao em Saude Coletiva. All Rights Reserved.
de Figueiredo P.P.,Federal University of Pampa |
Cezar-Vaz M.R.,Federal University of Santa Catarina |
Soares J.F.S.,Federal University of Bahia |
Physis | Year: 2010
This work, which has explanatory cross-sectional nature and is largely qualitative, aims to analyze the work process of municipal managers of the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in order to grasp the concept of management that permeates their health actions. Data were collected through semistructured interviews taped, with the managers of the FHS belonging to 12 municipalities of the Terceira Coordenadoria Regional de Saúde do Rio Grande do Sul (3aCRS/RS), totaling 15 subjects. The thematic analysis brought together a dialectical approach, following the footsteps of pre-analysis, exploitation and processing of material and interpretation of results. The results were organized into three sub-themes elucidating the actions developed by the managers under consideration: 1) Action for organization/operation of Family Health; 2) Actions for training and continuing education; 3) Actions for monitoring and evaluation. Two management concepts arise from the work process, the first being related to the management classic/traditional and the second on the precepts of co-management. In conclusion, it appears that the working process of the managers at the 3rd ESF CRS/RS has strengths and weaknesses related to design management structures that work. Thus, it is suggested to revise some practices, so that the co-management is the preferred design used for the administration of Family Health.
Protective effect of the probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii in Toxocara canis infection is not due to direct action on the larvae [Efeito protetor do probiótico Saccharomyces boulardii na infecção por Toxocara canis não se deve à ação direta sobre as larvas]
de Avila L.F.C.,Federal University of Pelotas |
Telmo P.L.,Federal University of Pelotas |
Martins L.H.R.,Grande Rio University |
Glaeser T.A.,Grande Rio University |
And 3 more authors.
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo | Year: 2013
In a previous study our group found that the probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii was capable of reducing the intensity of infection in mice with toxocariasis. In order to assess whether the mechanism involved would be a direct action of the probiotic on Toxocara canis larvae, this study was designed. Both probiotics were singly cultivated in plates containing RPMI 1640 medium and T. canis larvae. S. boulardii and B. cereus var. toyoi cultures presented 97.6% and 95.7% of larvae with positive motility, respectively, and absence of color by the dye trypan blue, not representing significant difference to the control group (p > 0.05). We conclude that none of the probiotics showed in vitro effects on T. canis larvae and that the interaction with the intestinal mucosa is necessary for the development of the protective effect of S. boulardii.
PubMed | Grande Rio University, Institute Matematica, Programa de Pos Graduacao em Enfermagem da FURG, FURG and Mestre em Enfermagem pela FURG
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Revista gaucha de enfermagem | Year: 2013
Quantitative study aimed to identify the enterprising tendency of nurses at a university hospital and to relate them with age, length of work in the hospital and conclusion of the nursing course. This cross-sectional quantitative study was developed in 2010. All 60 nurses from the hospital answered the questionnaire General measure of Enterprising Tendency, which contains five categories. In the creativity category one nurse obtained two points; in need for achievement one nurse totaled 12 points; one nurse obtained two points; in motivation four nurses achieved higher scores; in taking calculated risks, the highest score was 10 points, in autonomy, nine nurses obtained one point each. Individuals aged between 27 and 33 years showed higher enterprising tendencies. Reduced enterprising tendencies were found for nurses aged between 43 and 56 years, graduated more than 17 years ago and with a greater length of work. Actions are necessary to encourage nurses in the age range of enterprising tendency decline and those who graduated longer ago and who have worked for a longer period of time in the hospital.
PubMed | Grande Rio University, Professora Do Institute Educacao E Da Pos Graduacao Em Educacao Em Ciencias Quimica Da Vida E Da Saude Furg Av Italia and Furg
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Historia, ciencias, saude--Manguinhos | Year: 2014
The article traces a pattern of relationships between nanosciences, health, and biology to provide a historical overview of the nanoscience field. Input data came from the Web of Science databank, through a search first based on the keywords nanoscience and nanotechnology and also the selection of words related to biology and health. Application of the Citespace program made it possible to visualize the pattern of relationships between topics in the research base, allowing identification of burst and centrality points on the subject. Data findings show that the relationship between these areas emerged in 2006, most of them related to nanomedicine. There are also a significant number of works on nanotoxicology, since these two areas necessarily come hand in hand.
The role of N-acetyl-cysteine in the lung remote injury after hepatic ischemia and reperfusion in rabbits [O papel da N-acetil-cisteína nas lesões pulmonares provocadas à distância pela isquemia e reperfusão hepática em coelhos]
de Castro A.P.,Medical Veterinary |
de Castro M.A.M.,FURG |
Lauz S.,FURG |
Facin E.,Scientific Initiation Program |
And 2 more authors.
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira | Year: 2012
PURPOSE: To study the lesions in the lung of rabbits caused by ischemia/reperfusion hepatic (I/R) after the use of N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC). METHODS: Twenty-four rabbits distributed in two groups: control group GI (n = 12) 5% glucose solution and experiment group GII (n = 12) NAC. The animals were pre-anesthetized with 1% acepromazine maleate and anesthetized with ketamine 10% and 2% xylazine intramuscularly. The GI and GII were given glucose solution intravenously or NAC 15min before occlusion of the hepatic pedicle (30 min). After the period of reperfusion of 24h (n = 6) or 48h (n = 6), liver and lung samples were collected for histology and immunohistochemistry to assess the impairment of cell. RESULTS: The animals of GII and GII-24h-48h showed parenchyma liver close to normal, when using NAC. The GII and GII-24h-48h showed lower thickness of alveolar cells that GI and GI-24h-48h. The expression of caspase 3 in lung cells GII presented smaller value compared to the GI group. CONCLUSION: N-acetyl-cysteine administered 15min prior to the injury ischemia/reperfusion had a signifcant protective role by minimizing lung injury and apoptotic morphology in the period observed.
Lindemann I.L.,University Of Passo Fundo |
Oliveira R.R.,Federal University of Pelotas |
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2016
This is a straightforward cross-sectional study of health services to assess the prevalence of perception of difficulties in ensuring a healthy diet, associated factors and respective motives among a sample of 1,246 adult and elderly primary care users. The prevalence of perception of difficulties was 31.1% (95% CI 28.5-33.6) and associated factors were female gender (PR = 1.69; 95% CI 1.28-2.25), adulthood (PR = 1.33; 95% CI 1.11-1.59), income, with the most marked effect in the highest quintile (PR = 0.63; 95% CI 0.47-0.83), a higher number of self-reported chronic diseases (PR = 1.31; 95% CI 1.03-1.67), food insecurity (PR = 2.28; 95% CI 1.93-2.69), not receiving food guidance (PR = 0.75; 95% CI 0.63 to 0.89) and not reading food labels (PR = 1.42; 95% CI 1.08-1.86). Among those who had difficulties, the reasons mentioned were high cost of foods considered to be healthy (57.6%), insufficient willpower (49.4%), need to give up food considered unhealthy (41.6%), lack of time (35.7%) and insufficient knowledge (31.3%). The results show the importance of the awareness of health professionals about the difficulties of users and the need for adequate actions to promote a healthy diet in order to avoid standard patient care procedures. © 2016, Associacao Brasileira de Pos - Graduacao em Saude Coletiva. All rights reserved.
The usage of MCDA in identification and measurement of criteria performance for certification of public teaching hospitals in Brazil [Uso da MCDA na identificação e mensuração da performance dos critérios para a certificação dos hospitais de ensino no âmbito do SUS]
Longaraya A.A.,FURG |
Ensslinb L.,Federal University of Santa Catarina
Producao | Year: 2014
The public health system management in Brazil has undergone a certain amount of restructuring over the past years. One consequence of the restructuring was the establishment of a new relationship between the Ministry of Health (MS) and the Ministry of Education (MEC) regarding the funding of University Hospitals of Federal Universities. Therefore, the Brazilian Ministry of Health has implemented the certification process of University Hospitals-a set of goals to be met concerning financial, management and education processes, as well as the assistance model to be adopted. This article presents the use of Multi Criteria Decision Analysis to support the development of a model aimed at assisting managers of a university hospital in assessing institutional performance, so that their goals jointly agreed between the MS/MEC can be met and certification is obtained. The case study was conducted within a hospital of the federal network of education in Brazil.
Lunardi G.L.,FURG |
Becker J.L.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul |
Macada A.C.G.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Producao | Year: 2012
Recently, there has been a great deal of interest from the part of many organizations in the concept of IT governance in order to justify Information Technology (IT) investments. Some studies have shown that companies which have good IT governance models generate higher returns of their IT investments than their competitors. However, there is a lack of scientific research confirming that effective IT governance leads to better financial performance. In this paper, we attempt to determine whether companies that have adopted IT governance mechanisms have improved their financial performance, by measuring pre and post adoption performance indicators. We observed that companies that have adopted IT governance practices have significantly improved their performance when compared to those which have not, particularly in relation to profitability. Furthermore, we found that the differences in performance between companies which have adopted IT governance mechanisms and those which have not are more pronounced in the year following the adoption than in the year in which they were adopted.
Hagstrom J.A.,Linnaeus University |
Graneli E.,Linnaeus University |
Moreira M.O.P.,Federal University of Ceará |
Journal of Plankton Research | Year: 2011
Here we compare cell physiology and domoic acid (DA) production for two strains of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries originating from two opposite latitudes: Canada (CA) and Brazil (BR). The algae were grown as chemostat cultures at 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 day-1 under nitrogen (N)- and phosphorus (P)-deficient conditions. The level of deficiency significantly affected the atomic C:N, C:P, C:Si and N:P ratios in both strains. In both strains, P per cell was 2-4× higher in the N- than in the P-deficient cultures. The opposite was not found for N in the P-deficient cultures, as shown by the N:P ratios and C:N ratios. The C:N and C:P ratios were significantly lower in the CA strain, and this did not change due to the level of deficiency. The concentration and production of DA per cell per day were significantly higher for both strains under P deficiency as expected since the toxin is rich in N. However, DA was also produced by both strains during continuous cell division under N deficiency. High or low bacterial densities associated with P. multiseries did not increase or decrease DA production. Our data imply that more attention needs to be given to the N:P ratios and concentrations in the waters where these algae occur, as both N and P deficiencies affect DA production and cellular DA concentrations. © The Author 2010.