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Rio Grande, Brazil

de Figueiredo P.P.,Federal University of Pampa | Cezar-Vaz M.R.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Soares J.F.S.,Federal University of Bahia | Cardoso L.S.,FURG
Physis | Year: 2010

This work, which has explanatory cross-sectional nature and is largely qualitative, aims to analyze the work process of municipal managers of the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in order to grasp the concept of management that permeates their health actions. Data were collected through semistructured interviews taped, with the managers of the FHS belonging to 12 municipalities of the Terceira Coordenadoria Regional de Saúde do Rio Grande do Sul (3aCRS/RS), totaling 15 subjects. The thematic analysis brought together a dialectical approach, following the footsteps of pre-analysis, exploitation and processing of material and interpretation of results. The results were organized into three sub-themes elucidating the actions developed by the managers under consideration: 1) Action for organization/operation of Family Health; 2) Actions for training and continuing education; 3) Actions for monitoring and evaluation. Two management concepts arise from the work process, the first being related to the management classic/traditional and the second on the precepts of co-management. In conclusion, it appears that the working process of the managers at the 3rd ESF CRS/RS has strengths and weaknesses related to design management structures that work. Thus, it is suggested to revise some practices, so that the co-management is the preferred design used for the administration of Family Health.

Padula S.S.,Sao Paulo State University | Dudek D.M.,Sao Paulo State University | Socolowski Jr. O.,FURG
Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics | Year: 2010

Squeezed correlations of hadron-antihadron pairs are predicted to appear if their masses are modified in the hot and dense medium formed in highenergy heavy ion collisions. If discovered experimentally, they would be an unequivocal evidence of in-medium mass shift found by means of hadronic probes. We discuss a method proposed to search for this novel type of correlation, illustrating it by means of Ds-mesons with in-medium shifted masses. These particles are expected to be more easily detected and identified in future upgrades at RHIC. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Lindemann I.L.,University Of Passo Fundo | Oliveira R.R.,Federal University of Pelotas | Mendoza-Sassi R.A.,FURG
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2016

This is a straightforward cross-sectional study of health services to assess the prevalence of perception of difficulties in ensuring a healthy diet, associated factors and respective motives among a sample of 1,246 adult and elderly primary care users. The prevalence of perception of difficulties was 31.1% (95% CI 28.5-33.6) and associated factors were female gender (PR = 1.69; 95% CI 1.28-2.25), adulthood (PR = 1.33; 95% CI 1.11-1.59), income, with the most marked effect in the highest quintile (PR = 0.63; 95% CI 0.47-0.83), a higher number of self-reported chronic diseases (PR = 1.31; 95% CI 1.03-1.67), food insecurity (PR = 2.28; 95% CI 1.93-2.69), not receiving food guidance (PR = 0.75; 95% CI 0.63 to 0.89) and not reading food labels (PR = 1.42; 95% CI 1.08-1.86). Among those who had difficulties, the reasons mentioned were high cost of foods considered to be healthy (57.6%), insufficient willpower (49.4%), need to give up food considered unhealthy (41.6%), lack of time (35.7%) and insufficient knowledge (31.3%). The results show the importance of the awareness of health professionals about the difficulties of users and the need for adequate actions to promote a healthy diet in order to avoid standard patient care procedures. © 2016, Associacao Brasileira de Pos - Graduacao em Saude Coletiva. All rights reserved.

Monteiro A.R.,Grande Rio University | Dumith S.C.,Grande Rio University | Goncalves T.S.,Secretaria de Assistencia Social | Cesar J.A.,FURG
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2016

The scope of this article is to measure the prevalence and identify factors associated with excess weight among young people living in the city of Caracol, Piaui, Brazil. Qualified interviewers applied a standardized questionnaire and assessed the anthropometric measurements of all young people (13 to 19 years of age) in their households. The questionnaires sought information on demographic, socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. The outcome was overweight in young people (BMI > 1 z score) calculated on the basis of body mass index (BMI) and classified in accordance with the new parameters of the World Health Organization. Poisson regression with robust adjustment of variance was used for the statistical analysis. Of the 1,088 young people studied, 10.5% were overweight. The occurrence of the outcome varied from 6% for young people belonging to the second income quartile to 19% for adolescents with a height deficit for their age. Even with the prevalence of overweight being below the national average in the semiarid region, the factors associated with their occurrence are already equal to the other areas of Brazil and there is a pressing need for early intervention aimed at preventing and reducing the current overweight levels. © 2016, Associacao Brasileira de Pos - Graduacao em Saude Coletiva. All Rights Reserved.

Hagstrom J.A.,Linnaeus University | Graneli E.,Linnaeus University | Moreira M.O.P.,Federal University of Ceara | Odebrecht C.,FURG
Journal of Plankton Research | Year: 2011

Here we compare cell physiology and domoic acid (DA) production for two strains of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries originating from two opposite latitudes: Canada (CA) and Brazil (BR). The algae were grown as chemostat cultures at 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 day-1 under nitrogen (N)- and phosphorus (P)-deficient conditions. The level of deficiency significantly affected the atomic C:N, C:P, C:Si and N:P ratios in both strains. In both strains, P per cell was 2-4× higher in the N- than in the P-deficient cultures. The opposite was not found for N in the P-deficient cultures, as shown by the N:P ratios and C:N ratios. The C:N and C:P ratios were significantly lower in the CA strain, and this did not change due to the level of deficiency. The concentration and production of DA per cell per day were significantly higher for both strains under P deficiency as expected since the toxin is rich in N. However, DA was also produced by both strains during continuous cell division under N deficiency. High or low bacterial densities associated with P. multiseries did not increase or decrease DA production. Our data imply that more attention needs to be given to the N:P ratios and concentrations in the waters where these algae occur, as both N and P deficiencies affect DA production and cellular DA concentrations. © The Author 2010.

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