Florianópolis, Brazil
Florianópolis, Brazil

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The search for a beautiful and harmonic face is a goal of a large portion of the population. With this purpose, it is essential for dental professionals, especially orthodontists, to be able to diagnose facial changes and, thus suggest appropriate treatments to the demands of their patients. To make this possible, dentists and lay people need to have similar concepts of beauty. The aim of this study was to determine whether Arnett and Bergman facial measures are consistent with aesthetic perceptions of dentists (orthodontists and general practitioners) and lay people. It was used a sample of 50 subjects, including 26 women and 24 men. A specialist in orthodontics measured five measures among those used by Arnett and Bergman on lateral cephalometric radiographs. According to these measures, each individual was classified based on the number of measures within the norm: very pleasant, pleasant, acceptable, very unpleasant and unpleasant profile. In a second phase, three groups were created (laypeople, general practitioners and orthodontists), with 20 examiners each. By means of an album of photographs of facial profile, they rated the degree of facial pleasantness according to an adapted scale (VAS).The analysis of the proportions observed according to the different degrees of the scale for the different examiners was performed using Pearson chi-square test (p> 0.05).In order to evaluate the proportions by the examiners and the default values by Arnett and Bergman, Fisher's exact test was used (p>0.05).The results showed that based on the classification by Arnett and Bergman, lay people, general practitioners and orthodontists categorized in the same manner: patients with a very pleasant profile in 0%, 1.66% and 5%, respectively; patients with pleasant profile in 3.75%, 16.88% and 18.75% respectively; patients with acceptable profile in 35%, 34.73% and 36.67% respectively; patients with unpleasant profile in 32.5%, 40%, 30.5%, respectively; and finally, patients with a very unpleasant profile in 15.45%, 15.45% and 10.45%, respectively. It was concluded that there is no similarity between the aesthetic perception of the different groups of examiners with the measures proposed by Arnett and Bergman.

Freitas D.A.,FUNORTE | Sousa A.A.,FUNORTE | Jones K.M.,FUNORTE
Rural and remote health | Year: 2014

Global development processes have been associated with the nutritional transition, where undernutrition is replaced by overnutrition. Income transfer policies in Brazil have targeted hunger, but may not address the need for balanced nutrition. Data was collected from government databanks that document the nutritional status of Brazilians applying for social services. This data was analyzed for descriptive statistics. Development and income transfer processes appear to be associated with an increase in overweight children between the years 2008 and 2012. Income transfer programs need to incorporate educational programs that address the need to budget for balanced nutrition.

Gomes V.,University of Sao Paulo | Passos M.J.A.C.R.,University of Sao Paulo | Rocha A.J.S.,University of Sao Paulo | Santos T.C.A.,University Monte Serrat | And 2 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Oceanography | Year: 2013

Changes in environmental factors may deeply affect the energy budget of Antarctic organisms as many of them are stenothermal and/or stenohaline ectotherms. In this context, the aim of this study is to contribute to knowledge on variations in the energy demand of the Antarctic amphipod, Gondogeneia antarctica as a function of temperature and salinity. Experiments were held at the Brazilian Antarctic Station "Comandante Ferraz", under controlled conditions. Animals collected at Admiralty Bay were acclimated to temperatures of 0°C; 2.5°C and 5°C and to salinities of 35, 30 and 25. Thirty measurements were made for each of the nine combinations of the three temperatures and three salinities, totalling 270 measurements. Metabolic rates were assessed by oxygen consumption and total nitrogenous ammonia excretion, in sealed respirometers. When acclimated to salinities 30 or 35, metabolic rates at 0°C and 2.5°C were very similar indicating a possible mechanism of metabolic compensation for temperature. At 5.0°C, however, metabolic rates were always higher. Lower salinities enhanced the effects of temperature on metabolism and ammonia excretion rates. The physiological adaptations of individuals of G. antarctica suggest adaptive mechanisms for energy saving, adjusted to an environment with stable conditions of temperature and salinity. Little is known about the joint effects of salinity and temperature and this study is an important contribution to the understanding of the mechanism of polar organisms in their adaptation to both factors.

Barbosa P.B.C.,Federal University of Sergipe | Matos F.S.,Federal University of Sergipe | Cericato G.O.,Meridional Faculty | Rosario H.D.,FUNORTE | And 2 more authors.
Bioscience Journal | Year: 2016

The need for greater understanding of subjective standards of beauty is important when combining a successful dental plan with the real needs of patients. This study aimed to perform a systematic review to assess whether dentists are more critical in assessing facial esthetics than laypersons. The cross-sectional studies selected compared dentists and laypersons regarding the perception of facial changes through photographs. The survey was conducted in four databases (PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and OpenGrey) with no restriction of time or language, and was assessed by two reviewers who were based on the PVO strategy. Then, a manual search through the references of the selected articles was performed in order to find surveys that did not fit in said search strategy. The examiners assessed the risk of bias and quality in individual studies. The process of data synthesis was performed through a descriptive analysis of the selected studies. Three relevant articles were selected from an initial total of 979 articles collected. Most studies found that dentists were more critical than laypersons; however, facial modifications were different. Only one survey manipulated the changes on a computer, while the others worked with changes on the patient. Given the methodological diversity of the studies, it was not possible to establish a parameter to validate the results presented. © 2016, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia. All rights reserved.

PubMed | Aquino University Bolivia, Funorte. and State University of Montes Claros
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Revista paulista de pediatria : orgao oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de Sao Paulo | Year: 2014

To review the available tools to evaluate childrens quality of life validated for Brazilian language and culture.Search of scientific articles in Medline, Lilacs and SciELO databases using the combination of descriptors quality of life, child and questionnaires in Portuguese and English.Among the tools designed to assess childrens quality of life validated for the Brazilian language and culture, the Auto questionnaire Qualit de Vie Enfant Imag (AUQEI), the Child Health Questionnaire - Parent Form 50 (CHQ-PF50), the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL(tm)) version 4.0 and the Kidscreen-52 are highlighted. Some tools do not include all range of ages and some lack domains that are currently considered relevant in the context of childhood, such as bullying. Moreover, due to the cultural diversity of Brazil, it may be necessary to adapt some instruments or to validate other tools.There are validated instruments to evaluate childrens quality of life in Brazil. However, the validation or the adaptation of other international tools have to be considered in order to overcome current deficiencies.

PubMed | Private Office, Federal University of Sergipe, City University of Sao Paulo, Inapos Dental School and FUNORTE
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European journal of dentistry | Year: 2015

This study was aimed to evaluate the perception of orthodontists and of lay people about the facial profile and its possible correlation with cephalometrics parameters.A total of 20 evaluators were divided into two groups (10 orthodontists and 10 people with no relation to such area - lay people). They were asked to evaluate the photographs of 25 young males and of 25 young females, aged 17-24-year-old (mean age of 22.3 years, standard deviation 2.41 years). Photographs were randomly arranged in a photo album. The evaluators rated each photograph by means of a scale ranging from good to deficient based on the pleasantness of their facial profile. Nasolabial angle, Holdaways H-line and the distance from H-line to nose tip were measured, in order to verify a possible relation between these soft tissue profile cephalometric measurements and the subjective ratings.The kappa statistics test showed a concordance of 0.23 among orthodontists and 0.24 among lay people. Regarding the perception of orthodontists and lay people on facial profile, no significant divergence could be detected. For the correlation between cephalometric parameters and subjective ratings, there was a statistically significant correlation between the measures H and H-nose and the rating ascribed to the profile.It was concluded that smaller the difference from the normal cephalometric pattern, the higher was the rating given to the profile, demonstrating an important relation between subjective and objective criteria.

PubMed | Federal University of Santa Catarina and Funorte
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Ciencia & saude coletiva | Year: 2015

The scope of this paper is to analyze the ethical problems generated by the modern stressor pattern of post-transformation productivity in productive restructuring in the health area. It is a qualitative study of the descriptive and exploratory type in which 30 professionals (nurses, doctors and dental surgeons) from a metropolitan region in the South of Brazil were interviewed, all of whom had prior experience in the public and private sectors. The results were analyzed through Discursive Textual Analysis. Capitalization is revealed as a major ethical problem in the series of new issues derived from the productivity-profitability imperative in health, due to the acritical incorporation of ethics that is restricted to the companys interests or to corporate-individual interests. The ethical problem of low professional commitment to the needs of the patient and of the social collective indicates the need to build a new engaged solidarity in order to increase the quality of public healthcare. Productivity targeted at individual and social needs/interests in the area of health requires a new self-managing and collective engagement of the subjects, supported by an institutional and ethical-political effort of group action, cooperation and solidarity.

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