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Brown J.L.,Duke University | Perez-Pena P.E.,Fundamazonia | Twomey E.,East Carolina University
Zootaxa | Year: 2010

We describe two new species of Ranitomeya (family Dendrobatidae), R. yavaricola sp. nov. and R. cyanovittata sp. nov., from Peru. Ranitomeya yavaricola sp. nov. is morphologically similar to certain other species of Ranitomeya (in particular R. flavovittata), but the new species can be easily distinguished from all other species of Ranitomeya based on its unique limb coloration: solid bronze without black markings. Despite having searched in numerous localities throughout this region, we have found the new species at only a single locality near the confluence of the Yavarí and Yavari-Mirin rivers. Based on acoustic and molecular data, the new species is a member of the vanzolinii group, and is sister to the second new species, R. cyanovittata. Ranitomeya cyanovittata sp. nov. is only known from a single locality in the Sierra del Divisor in Amazonian Peru. This species can be easily distinguished from the other species of Ranitomeya by a unique coloration pattern that consists of just two colors: black background with blue lines or reticulations. Copyright © 2010 Magnolia Press.

Mayor P.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Perez-Pena P.,Yavari Conservacion y Uso Sostenible YAVACUS | Bowler M.,San Diego Zoo Global Institute for Conservation Research | Puertas P.E.,FundAmazonia | And 4 more authors.
Ecology and Society | Year: 2015

We examined the effects of selective timber logging carried out by local indigenous people in remote areas within indigenous territories on the mammal populations of the Yavari-Mirin River basin on the Peru-Brazil border. Recent findings show that habitat change in the study area is minimal, and any effect of logging activities on large mammal populations is highly likely to be the result of hunting associated with logging operations. We used hunting registers to estimate the monthly and yearly biomass extracted during timber operations and to calculate the catch per unit effort (CPUE) in subsistence hunting in the community of Esperanza 2 to 5 years before logging activities started and 4 to 7 years after logging began. We also used line transects and the distance method to estimate animal densities before and after logging. We found that 1389 hunted animals and 27,459 kg of mammal biomass were extracted per year from logging concessions. CPUE for ungulates declined; however, it increased for other mammal orders, such as rodents and primates, indicating a shift to alternative prey items. Although collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu) and tapirs (Tapirus terrestris) may also have declined in numbers, this shift may have been caused by a possibly natural population crash in white-lipped peccaries (Tayassu pecari) that coincided with the logging periods. We found no evidence that populations of primates were reduced by the logging activities. Because primates are sensitive to hunting, and their populations were of principal concern as logging commenced, this indicates that these forests remain of high conservation value. The unusual socioeconomic situation of these remote territories may mean that they are compatible with wildlife conservation in the Yavari-Mirin basin. © 2015 by the author(s). Published here under license by the Resilience Alliance.

PubMed | University of Amazon, FUNDAMAZONIA, San Diego Zoo Global Institute for Conservation Research and Autonomous University of Barcelona
Type: | Journal: Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology | Year: 2016

Wildlife subsistence hunting is a major source of protein for tropical rural populations and a prominent conservation issue. The intrinsic rate of natural increase (r

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