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Hospital de Órbigo, Spain

Background: Adherence to the therapeutic plan is one of the most important health issues in terms of treatment efficacy, healthcare costs and patient safety. Unfortunately, homebound elderly patients are especially vulnerable to nonadherence because they have higher morbidity rates combined with cognitive and social problems that hinder their correct use of drugs. The level of therapeutic adherence in homebound elderly people has not been adequately studied. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of therapeutic adherence, using the Morisky-Green test, in homebound elderly patients taking polypharmacy (defined as use of four or more drugs), and to study the factors associated with adherence. Methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional, multicentre study. A total of 327 patients were selected by random start systematic sampling from the total number of homebound patients taking four or more drugs in Healthcare Area 4 of the Madrid Autonomous Region, Spain. Through an in-home survey of patients and their caregivers, information was gathered on sociodemographic data, co-morbidities, number of hospital admissions, responsibility for purchasing and preparation of the medication, level of cognitive impairment (Pfeiffer questionnaire), functional dependence in activities of daily living (Katz Index), knowledge of the disease (Batalla test), adherence to treatment (Morisky-Green test), visual and auditory perception, and caregiver burden (Zarit interview). Results: Of the homebound patients, 65.7% (95% CI 60.6, 70.9) had good adherence to treatment. The variables most negatively associated with therapeutic adherence, after adjustment for age, sex, number of drugs, knowledge of the disease, and cognitive function, were a large caregiver burden (odds ratio [OR] 3.09; 95% CI 1.75, 5.48) and impaired hearing (OR 2.00; 95% CI 1.17, 3.40). There was also a trend toward a positive association between nonadherence and patients aged <85 years (OR 1.57; 95% CI 0.93, 2.65) and patients who had nine or more drug prescriptions (OR 1.59; 95% CI 0.96, 2.65). Conclusions: Poor therapeutic adherence in homebound elderly patients receiving polypharmacy is a serious problem affecting one of every three individuals concerned, and is directly related to caregiver burden, regardless of age, sex, cognitive status or number of drugs administered. © 2010 Adis Data Information BV. All rights reserved.

Malicki J.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | Malicki J.,Greater Poland Cancer Center | Bly R.,Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority | Bulot M.,Sector | And 10 more authors.
Radiotherapy and Oncology | Year: 2014

In 2011 the European Commission launched a tender to develop guidelines for risk analysis of accidental and unintended exposures in external beam radiotherapy. This tender was awarded to a consortium of 6 institutions, including the ESTRO, in late 2011. The project, denominated "ACCIRAD", recently finished the data collection phase. Data were collected by surveys administered in 38 European countries. Results indicate non-uniform implementation of event registration and classification, as well as incomplete or zero implementation of risk assessment and events analysis. Based on the survey results and analysis thereof, project leaders are currently drafting proposed guidelines entitled "Guidelines for patient safety in external beam radiotherapy - Guidelines on risk assessment and analysis of adverse-error events and near misses". The present article describes the aims and current status of the project, including results of the surveys. ©2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Radiotherapy and Oncology.

Garcia-Moratalla B.,Hospital Nuestra Senora Del Perpetuo Socorro | Rodriguez-Salvanes F.,Fundacion Investigacion Biomedica
International Journal of Social Psychiatry | Year: 2011

Background: In recent years there has been controversy around the treatment demands of people who, without meeting diagnostic criteria for a mental disorder, have certain symptoms and are referred to mental health professionals. Aims: To determine the prevalence of individuals assessed by mental health service, referred from primary care, who do not meet the diagnosis criteria of mental disorders according to ICD-10. To analyze the medical treatment given to these individuals, measured by the indication for discharge or follow-up and by the pharmacological intervention decided in the first interview, as well as the associated variables. Method: Design: descriptive study. Scope: urban area. Population: all patients referred to the Salamanca mental health service during a year, without any exclusion (n = 1,187). Variables: sociodemographics; clinical and health service utilization gathered through clinical interview, GHQ-28, SCL-90-R and an expectations scale. Results: Of the 1,004 patients who attended interview, 24.4% (CI 95%: 21.6-27.0) did not present any diagnosable mental disorder (Z codes); they constitute the body of this study. 50.8% of these were referred from primary care with a psychotropic drug treatment already prescribed. Any drug intervention (addition, suspension or modification) was performed in 37.2% of the cases by the mental health service. Regardless of the treatment indicated, 52% were discharged after the first interview. Conclusions: The prevalence of patients who failed to reach diagnostic criteria for a mental disorder in this health service is similar to other studies, in spite of the filter provided by primary care. Many individuals without a diagnosable mental disorder received treatment both in primary care and in the mental health service. © The Author(s) 2011.

Llovet P.,Laboratory of Molecular Oncology | Sastre J.,Fundacion Investigacion Biomedica | Sastre J.,Complutense University of Madrid | Ortega J.S.,Hospital Clinico San Carlos | And 16 more authors.
Molecular Diagnosis and Therapy | Year: 2015

Introduction: Mutational analysis of RAS is required for anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) treatment for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). However, most patients with KRAS wild-type tumors still do not respond. Other molecules downstream of the EGFR may also play a role in resistance to EGFR therapies. Objective: Our objective was to investigate the clinical importance of biomarkers in relation to response, progression-free survival, and overall survival in patients with mCRC receiving first-line treatment with anti-EGFR therapy plus chemotherapy. Methods: We studied the EGFR pathway [EGFR, NRAS, BRAF, PIK3CA, phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), amphiregulin (AREG), and epiregulin (EREG)] in 105 patients with mCRC KRAS codon 12 wild type. We analysed objective response, progression-free survival, and overall survival in molecularly defined subgroups of the patients receiving anti-EGFR therapy plus chemotherapy as first-line treatment. Results: We found a significant association between RAS wild-type, BRAF wild-type, EREG, and AREG overexpression and response to anti-EGFR therapy (p = 0.003, p = 0.015, p = 0.05, and p = 0.009, respectively). Progression-free survival and overall survival were lower in patients with RAS (p = 0.36 and p ≤ 0.001, respectively) or BRAF (p = 0.003 and p = 0.002, respectively) mutant tumors. Patients with EREG and AREG messenger RNA (mRNA) expression had longer survival than those with low-expression tumors; progression-free survival and overall survival were significant for AREG (p = 0.001 and p = 0.05, respectively). Patients with EGFR amplification tumors responded better to treatment and had better survival rates, although this was not significant. PIK3CA and PTEN were not associated with either response or survival. The multivariate logistic regression model for response showed only BRAF as a significant predictor after adjustment for the other covariates (p = 0.04, odds ratio 8.3, 95 % confidence interval 0.81–86.0). Conclusions: RAS, BRAF, AREG, and EREG predict for efficacy of first-line anti-EGFR therapy in patients with mCRC. © 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

Salinero-Fort M.A.,Fundacion Investigacion Biomedica | Gomez-Campelo P.,Fundacion Investigacion Biomedica | Abanades-Herranz J.C.,Direccion Tecnica de Formacion e Investigacion | Arnal-Selfa R.,Direccion de Enfermeria | Andres A.L.,Rey Juan Carlos University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: Implementation of a standardized language in Nursing Care Plans (SNCP) allows for increased efficiency in nursing data management. However, the potential relationship with patientś health outcomes remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of SNCP implementation, based on North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) and Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC), in the improvement of metabolic, weight, and blood pressure control of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients. Methods: A two-year prospective follow-up study, in routine clinical practice conditions. 31 primary health care centers (Spain) participated with 24,124 T2DM outpatients. Data was collected from Computerized Clinical Records; SNCP were identified using NANDA and NIC taxonomies. Descriptive and ANCOVA analyses were conducted. Results: 18,320 patients were identified in the Usual Nursing Care (UNC) group and 5,168 in the SNCP group. At the two-year follow-up, the SNCP group improved all parameters except LDL cholesterol and diastolic blood pressure. We analyzed data adjustming by the baseline value for these variables and variables with statistically significant differences between groups at baseline visit. Results indicated a lowering of all parameters except HbA1c, but a statistically significant reduction was only observed with diastolic blood pressure results. However, the adjusted reduction of diastolic blood pressure is of little clinical relevance. Greater differences of control values for diastolic blood pressure, HbA1c, LDL-cholesterol and Body Mass Index were found in the SNCP group, but only reached statistical significance for HbA1c. A greater proportion of patients with baseline HbA1c ≥7 decreased to <7% at the two-year follow-up in the SNCP group than in the UNC group (16.9% vs. 15%; respectively; p = 0.01). Conclusions: Utilization of SNCP was helpful in achieving glycemic control targets in poorly controlled patients with T2DM (HbA1c ≥7%). Diastolic blood pressure results were slightly improved in the SNCP group compared to the UNC group. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01482481. © 2012 Cárdenas-Valladolid et al.

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