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Garcia-Flores M.,Fundacion Instituto Valenciano Of Oncologi | Casanova-Salas I.,Fundacion Instituto Valenciano Of Oncologi | Rubio-Briones J.,Fundacion Instituto Valenciano Of Oncologia | Calatrava A.,Fundacion Instituto Valenciano Of Oncologia | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer

Aims Speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase adaptor recently described to be mutated in prostate cancer (PCa). Hence, studying the gene expression profile and the presence of SPOP mutations in PCa and understanding its clinico-pathological significance as prognostic and therapeutic biomarker are important to further understand its role in PCa development. Patients and methods A cohort of 265 paraffin-embedded PCa samples from patients with more than 5 years of follow-up and treated with radical prostatectomy were collected at our institution for SPOP evaluation. RT-qPCR analysis was performed for expression studies while mutations were assessed by next generation sequencing. Relationship with prognosis was analysed using log-rank analysis and multivariable Cox regression. Results SPOP was found to be strongly down-regulated in PCa (median = 0.24; range = 0.04-9.98) and its expression was associated with both, biochemical (p = 0.003) and clinical progression free survival (p = 0.023), the very low SPOP expression levels being associated to the worst prognosis. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that low levels of SPOP independently predicted a worse prognosis for both, biochemical (Hazard ratio (HR) = 0.5; confidence interval (CI) 95% [0.4-0.9], p = 0.011) and clinical progression (HR = 0.6; IC 95% [0.4-1], p = 0.046). SPOP mutations were found in 10% of TMPRSS2-ERG (T2E)-negative cases. Log-rank tests showed that mutations were significantly associated with biochemical progression free survival (BPFS) (p = 0.009) and also were significant in the multivariable analysis (HR = 3.4; IC 95% [1.5-7.6], p = 0.004). Conclusions The present study demonstrates that prognosis varies depending on SPOP expression and mutational status, hence, defining a new biotype of PCa associated with a worse prognosis. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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