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Ramirez G.,Central University of Venezuela | Vasquez M.,Central University of Venezuela | Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa | Herrera M.,Fundacion Bengoa
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2016

Multiple and diverse research in nutrition field have as the main objective, to collect and to analyze statistical data on the purchase and consumption of food. An example of these studies is the National Standard Living Conditions Survey for Venezuelans (ENCOVI), conducted in 2014 by a team of researchers from the Universidad Católica Andres Bello, Simon Bolivar and Central de Venezuela, and the Bengoa Foundation. This paper presents a statistical analysis of three-way contingency tables in order to analyze the information in the food section of ENCOVI 2014. The studied variables are: purchase pattern (1 to 5), socioeconomic class (low, medium and high) and city size (small, medium and large). The strategy was to go step by step evaluating the overall independence, partial independence and conditional independence between these variables and then apply a binary correspondence analysis to explain the plausible associations. It was found that buying patterns are associated with socioeconomic status and population density of the town of residence of families. The lower class of medium-sized cities showed a high preference of cereal and fat with important lack of animal proteins such as white and red meats, dairy products and low purchase of fruits, vegetables and legumes. The middle and upper classes do not differ substantially in their buying intention, maintaining a better balanced diet, but still a low apparent consumption of vegetables, fruits, legumes, milk and eggs was observed. © 2016, Fundacion Bengoa. All rights reserved.

Bonvecchio A.,Research Center en Nutricion y Salud | Carriedo-Lutzenkirchen A.,Research Center en Nutricion y Salud | Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa
Salud Publica de Mexico | Year: 2011

This paper describes the Venezuelan health system, including its structure and coverage, financial sources, human and material resources and its stewardship functions. This system comprises a public and a private sector. The public sector includes the Ministry of Popular Power for Health (MS) and several social security institutions, salient among them the Venezuelan Institute for Social Security (IVSS). The MH is financed with federal, state and county contributions. The IVSS is financed with employer, employee and government contributions. These two agencies provide services in their own facilities. The private sector includes providers offering services on an out-of-pocket basis and private insurance companies. The Venezuelan health system is undergoing a process of reform since the adoption of the 1999 Constitution which calls for the establishment of a national public health system. The reform process is now headed by the Barrio Adentro program.

Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa | Patino E.,Red MeI CYTED | Galicia N.,Farmacia SAAS
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2010

Bengoa Foundation, in alliance with Farnacia SAAS'red, started in 2004, a campaign of Nutritional Education targeted towards Malnutrition(NETTM), an initiative that uses TV and printed material focused towards priority issues related with malnutrition. In an opinión related study related to malnutrition (2008) the effects of the impact in the population was analyzed, as well as the mass media institutinal messages. The messages:"Nutrition in three colors"(2006),"Breakfast makes a differance"and"Two are not enough"(2007) and "Variability and wellfed persons"(2007) that were transmitted with high frequency in prime time TV, including prívate and open channels, as well as cinema channels, and were complemented with the distribution of 7,1 million of printed material.The survey was performed in a sample of 1000 persons 18 to 60 years old in the countries̈ main cities,;the results included 84,3% of recall, 71,45% of change of dietary habits. The most remembered messages were: "Variability and wellfed persons"(68,1% /74,3%) followed by "Breakfast makes a diference"(45,1%/62,7%) both were perceived as very important in order to promote health.The incorporation of fruits,vegetables and breakfast generated the greatest impact. These institutional messages strengthen knowledge and modify feeding habits and preferences in food. This strategy for combating malnutrition is confirmed.

Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa | Aliaga C.,Fundacion Bengoa | Sifontes Y.,Fundacion Bengoa | Sifontes Y.,Central University of Venezuela | And 12 more authors.
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2012

In The United Nations Millenium Declarations on the Developmental Goals approved by the general assembly in 2000, the countries made a commitment to reduce the number of persons suffering from hunger by the year 2015. In 2004, FAO approved the Voluntary Guidelines on the right to adequate food in the context of national Food Security and provided a practical guidance to the states. The exercise of this right presents inequities in the socioeconomic, cultural, geographical and political levels that limit their achievement, amongst them the instability in the availability and access to food that results in a high vulnerability in food consumption and nutritional status of the poorest populations groups. Food consumption suffers the impact o high inflation and food shortage that reached 13% in 2012; milk, maize flour and oil are amongst the most critical Some laws and the policy of expropriation and invasions of food companies and productive farms have produced scarcity due to a drop in productivity with the result that most food products are imported, some deficient in quality and innocuousness. We carry the double burden of under nutrition (13-20%) and overweight (13-20%) in children and adolescents and in adults, chronic diseases are rising. Nonetheless, SISVAN does not publish data on nutritional status since 2007. The right to food presents weaknesses that should be corrected to ensure a better nutrition for the population.

Perez B.M.,Institute Investigaciones Economicas y Sociales | Ramirez G.,Central University of Venezuela | Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa | Vasquez M.,Central University of Venezuela
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2010

Anthropometric measurements provide information regarding the effect of surrounding environment on the appearance of risk factors. This study analyzes sexual dimorphism, nutritional status and body composition of a group of Venezuelan children and adolescents, 6 to 14 years old from the El Hatillo community. An iconometrographic approach based on proportionality, Hull score and contrasted values, was used on all sample by age, gender and nutritional status. This last was assessed by the combination of weight for height, height for age and body mass index, using OMS and national reference values. Results revealed 23.9% and 17.1% with deficit and overweight. Deficit was more marked on children less than 10 years, the male group on the other hand, showed the most important alteration on those frames variables, in particular at the femur width and sitting height. The weight of evidence at present study suggests that nutritional status assessment, requires body composition analysis in order to obtain a holistic picture of the situation in which, pathologies related to availability of food and life quality conditions are powerful determinants.

Suarez M.M.,Instituto Venezolano Of Investigaciones Cientificas | Bosch V.,Central University of Venezuela | Aliaga C.,Fundacion Bengoa | Garcia N.,Central University of Venezuela
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2010

A brief history of the empanada and its importance as a cultural heritage of Venezuela. It emphasizes its importance as a financial support of many families from the east of the country. It describes the stories of three cases, in Cumana, La Asuncion and Pampatar, which provide details of the stuffing, preparation of the dough and fillings traditionally used. Energy and nutrients were calculated and the types of fats and fatty acids were analyzed in the Lipidology Section of the Institute of Experimental Medicine, Central University of Venezuela, by the extraction of total fat by the method of Folch. The average weight was 120g/empanada, corresponding to 322cal, 10g protein, 16g fat and 36g of carbohydrates. Cheese and meat corresponded to 362cal 285cal shredded. Fat per unit was as follows: 20.6 g cheese, 18g and fat 17g. Their fat intake was modest and compositions were predominant polyunsaturated fatty acids. Cheese only had a significant content of saturated fatty acids. The preparation and trade of native empanadas is a resource that women have to raise children, build houses and meet diverse needs. It is an absolutely feminine work gives women the ability to keep time and manage the household with the preparation of a dish that is traditional, popular and representative of the regional cuisine.

de Blanco M.L.,Fundacion Bengoa | Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa | Cuenca M.H.,Central University of Venezuela | Sifontes Y.,Fundacion Bengoa
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2014

The double burden of malnutrition, the coexistence of nutritional deficit and excess is the result of the Food and Nutrition Transition accelerated in developing countries that would had not have solved their problems of nutritional deficiency before they were reached by overweight, obesity and chronic diseases related to nutrition. Changes in the lifestyle of the Venezuelan population as a result of rapid urbanization and migration to the cities, is the most important phenomenon; aspects of prenatal and early postnatal growth and its association with chronic diseases related to nutrition are discussed. Demographic factors outline the Venezuelan population as high risk: teenage pregnancy prevalence is among the highest in the Latin American region, low birth weight, increased maternal mortality and infant mortality; exclusive breastfeeding decreasing’s the with age of the newborn. In the first study of overweight and obesity in the Venezuelan population, INN, in ages 7 to 17 years olds 21-28% were overweight and 15-17% were undernourished, a reflection of the “double burden”, whose distribution is heterogeneous in the country, the deficit in children appears to be larger than the excess overweight in rural states like Apure and in the lower socioeconomic strata. In adults, overweight and obesity increase with age. An approach to the prevention of the “double burden” and the public health problems resulting from this is presented. © 2014, Fundacion Bengoa. All rights reserved.

Tomas-Castera V.,University of Alicante | Sanz-Valero J.,University of Alicante | Sanz-Valero J.,University Miguel Hernández | Wanden-Berghe C.,CEU Cardenal Herrera University | And 3 more authors.
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2010

To evaluate the scientific activity, the production and the use regarding the information derived from the Venezuelan journals on nutrition and food science indexed in the SciELO net (Scientific Electronic Online;, in the first decade of the XXIst century (2000 - 2009). A descriptive cross-sectional study of the activity and the production of scientific information published in the journals Anales Venezolanos de Nutrición and Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición, in SciELO net, in the period mentioned. In the two journals, a total of 771 articles were published, 186 (24.12%) in Anales and 585 (75.88%) in Archivos. The Index of Productivity was 2.02 and the cocient original publications/year was 10.50 in Anales; and in Archivos, 2.70 y 50.10, respectively. The mean authors was 2.43 in Anales and 3.87 in Archivos. The Price Index was 31.27% in Anales and 26.68% in Archivos. In both publications, the geographic precedence of the first author was mainly Venezuelan and the language predominantly Spanish. Both publications present indicators quite similar to other publications in the area of nutrition, although the Price Index should be improved, especially in Archivos considering it is a journal indexed in the Journal Citation Report.

Patino-Simancas E.,Fundacion Bengoa | Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa
Revista Espanola de Nutricion Comunitaria | Year: 2010

The aim of the Community Nutrition Foundation Bengoa program is to develop and strengthen skills and attitudes in food and nutrition in order to train leaders and multipliers in defence of the rights to food and health. It is developed through social projects in poor communities. This is possible through the joint institutions, organizations and companies who are committed to working with, to and from the community. The programme has several components: food and nutrition education, nutritional surveillance, participation, food security, environment, institutional coordination, and service management which are executed according to the mode of the project. The core training is the food and nutrition education. The Bengoa Foundation in nine years, has developed 16 projects in more than 80 Venezuelan communities. With one of his allies, pharmacy SAAS, for the last four years has been running a programme of education against malnutrition, which has produced six pieces of television and printed nutritional guidelines to communities. The community initiatives are effective to modify certain realities but essentially allow to increase awareness among all relevant stakeholders in the community, increase competence in the use of strategies and tools, provide new technologies to stimulate educational processes and generate changes that promote healthy living habits. © 2009 SENC.

Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa | de Blanco M.L.,Fundacion Bengoa
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2014

The José María Bengoa Foundation for Food and Nutrition, since the year 2000, has been following the mandate, which according to Dr. Bengoa had been given by the Venezuelan Society, always sensitive to inequality, marginalization, ignorance and hunger”. Its work has been directed to the most deprived rural and urban communities, yet rapidly has extended to other regions, in response to the increasing social demand that must be addressed promptly. Its activities include the work of a group of volunteers who try to rethink food and nutrition issues, amidst great difficulties that face the country and support various scientific, technical and fundraising activities. The commitment to serve Venezuelans has turned the Foundation into a forum of opinions and ideas, which arise from representatives of different sectors and disciplines, of a high scientific and technical quality; this is considered as one of our greatest assets. Among its programs we can mention: the Faro Nutriciónal” (a nutritional information source), the study group regarding nutritional transition (TAN grupo), the campaign against malnutrition, the community nutrition program as well as the technical assistance program. Venezuelan Annals of Nutrition (AVN) is edited and distributed through various media and social networks. FB maintains agreements and partnerships for research projects and technical assistance with national and international institutions. The positive results in some communities are stimuli for continuing the efforts for building solutions with and from the community. © 2014, Fundacion Bengoa. All rights reserved.

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