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Perez B.M.,Institute Investigaciones Economicas y Sociales | Ramirez G.,Central University of Venezuela | Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa | Vasquez M.,Central University of Venezuela
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2010

Anthropometric measurements provide information regarding the effect of surrounding environment on the appearance of risk factors. This study analyzes sexual dimorphism, nutritional status and body composition of a group of Venezuelan children and adolescents, 6 to 14 years old from the El Hatillo community. An iconometrographic approach based on proportionality, Hull score and contrasted values, was used on all sample by age, gender and nutritional status. This last was assessed by the combination of weight for height, height for age and body mass index, using OMS and national reference values. Results revealed 23.9% and 17.1% with deficit and overweight. Deficit was more marked on children less than 10 years, the male group on the other hand, showed the most important alteration on those frames variables, in particular at the femur width and sitting height. The weight of evidence at present study suggests that nutritional status assessment, requires body composition analysis in order to obtain a holistic picture of the situation in which, pathologies related to availability of food and life quality conditions are powerful determinants.


Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa | Patino E.,Red MeI CYTED | Galicia N.,Farmacia SAAS
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2010

Bengoa Foundation, in alliance with Farnacia SAAS'red, started in 2004, a campaign of Nutritional Education targeted towards Malnutrition(NETTM), an initiative that uses TV and printed material focused towards priority issues related with malnutrition. In an opinión related study related to malnutrition (2008) the effects of the impact in the population was analyzed, as well as the mass media institutinal messages. The messages:"Nutrition in three colors"(2006),"Breakfast makes a differance"and"Two are not enough"(2007) and "Variability and wellfed persons"(2007) that were transmitted with high frequency in prime time TV, including prívate and open channels, as well as cinema channels, and were complemented with the distribution of 7,1 million of printed material.The survey was performed in a sample of 1000 persons 18 to 60 years old in the countries̈ main cities,;the results included 84,3% of recall, 71,45% of change of dietary habits. The most remembered messages were: "Variability and wellfed persons"(68,1% /74,3%) followed by "Breakfast makes a diference"(45,1%/62,7%) both were perceived as very important in order to promote health.The incorporation of fruits,vegetables and breakfast generated the greatest impact. These institutional messages strengthen knowledge and modify feeding habits and preferences in food. This strategy for combating malnutrition is confirmed.


Suarez M.M.,Instituto Venezolano Of Investigaciones Cientificas | Bosch V.,Central University of Venezuela | Aliaga C.,Fundacion Bengoa | Garcia N.,Central University of Venezuela
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2010

A brief history of the empanada and its importance as a cultural heritage of Venezuela. It emphasizes its importance as a financial support of many families from the east of the country. It describes the stories of three cases, in Cumana, La Asuncion and Pampatar, which provide details of the stuffing, preparation of the dough and fillings traditionally used. Energy and nutrients were calculated and the types of fats and fatty acids were analyzed in the Lipidology Section of the Institute of Experimental Medicine, Central University of Venezuela, by the extraction of total fat by the method of Folch. The average weight was 120g/empanada, corresponding to 322cal, 10g protein, 16g fat and 36g of carbohydrates. Cheese and meat corresponded to 362cal 285cal shredded. Fat per unit was as follows: 20.6 g cheese, 18g and fat 17g. Their fat intake was modest and compositions were predominant polyunsaturated fatty acids. Cheese only had a significant content of saturated fatty acids. The preparation and trade of native empanadas is a resource that women have to raise children, build houses and meet diverse needs. It is an absolutely feminine work gives women the ability to keep time and manage the household with the preparation of a dish that is traditional, popular and representative of the regional cuisine.


Tomas-Castera V.,University of Alicante | Sanz-Valero J.,University of Alicante | Sanz-Valero J.,University Miguel Hernandez | Wanden-Berghe C.,CEU Cardenal Herrera University | And 2 more authors.
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2010

To evaluate the scientific activity, the production and the use regarding the information derived from the Venezuelan journals on nutrition and food science indexed in the SciELO net (Scientific Electronic Online; http://www.scielo.org/php/index.php), in the first decade of the XXIst century (2000 - 2009). A descriptive cross-sectional study of the activity and the production of scientific information published in the journals Anales Venezolanos de Nutrición and Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición, in SciELO net, in the period mentioned. In the two journals, a total of 771 articles were published, 186 (24.12%) in Anales and 585 (75.88%) in Archivos. The Index of Productivity was 2.02 and the cocient original publications/year was 10.50 in Anales; and in Archivos, 2.70 y 50.10, respectively. The mean authors was 2.43 in Anales and 3.87 in Archivos. The Price Index was 31.27% in Anales and 26.68% in Archivos. In both publications, the geographic precedence of the first author was mainly Venezuelan and the language predominantly Spanish. Both publications present indicators quite similar to other publications in the area of nutrition, although the Price Index should be improved, especially in Archivos considering it is a journal indexed in the Journal Citation Report.


Bonvecchio A.,Research Center en Nutricion y Salud | Becerril-Montekio V.,Instituto Nacional Of Salud Publica | Carriedo-Lutzenkirchen A.,Research Center en Nutricion y Salud | Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa
Salud Publica de Mexico | Year: 2011

This paper describes the Venezuelan health system, including its structure and coverage, financial sources, human and material resources and its stewardship functions. This system comprises a public and a private sector. The public sector includes the Ministry of Popular Power for Health (MS) and several social security institutions, salient among them the Venezuelan Institute for Social Security (IVSS). The MH is financed with federal, state and county contributions. The IVSS is financed with employer, employee and government contributions. These two agencies provide services in their own facilities. The private sector includes providers offering services on an out-of-pocket basis and private insurance companies. The Venezuelan health system is undergoing a process of reform since the adoption of the 1999 Constitution which calls for the establishment of a national public health system. The reform process is now headed by the Barrio Adentro program.

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