Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

Santa Cruz Cabrália, Brazil

Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

Santa Cruz Cabrália, Brazil
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Evans-Osses I.,Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Mojoli A.,Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Monguio-Tortajada M.,Health Science Research Institute Germans Trias i Pujol | Marcilla A.,University of Valencia | And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Cell Biology | Year: 2017

Giardia intestinalis (G.I), is an anaerobic protozoan and the aetiological agent of giardiasis, a diarrhoea present worldwide and associated with poverty. G.I has a simple life cycle alternating between cyst and trophozoite. Cysts are transmitted orally to the stomach and transform to trophozoites in the intestine by a multifactorial process. Recently, microvesicles (MVs) have been found to be released from a wide range of eukaryotic cells. We have observed a release of MVs during the life cycle of G.I., identifying MVs from active trophozoites and from trophozoites differentiating to the cyst form. The aim of the current work was to investigate the role of MVs from G.I in the pathogenesis of giardiasis. MVs from log phase were able to increase the attachment of G. intestinalis trophozoites to Caco-2 cells. Moreover, MVs from G. intestinalis could be captured by human immature dendritic cells, resulting in increased activation and allostimulation of human dendritic cells. Lipid rafts participate in the MV biogenesis and in the attachment to Caco-2 cells. Nevertheless, proteomic analysis from two types of MVs has shown slight differences at the protein levels. An understanding of biogenesis and content of MVs derived from trophozoites might have important implications in the pathogenesis of the disease. © 2017 Elsevier GmbH.


PubMed | Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz Institute Comunicacao e Informacao Tecnologica em Saude, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas | Year: 2013

In the last decade, dialogue between science and society has found a forum in an increasing number of publications on topics such as public engagement with science and public trust in science. Concerning the latter, issues that include cases of research misconduct, accountability in research, and conflicts of interest (COIs) have shaped global discussions on the communication of science. In the publication setting, the perception that hiding COIs and/or not managing them well may affect public trust in the research record has grown among editors. We conducted a search for editorials addressing COIs between 1989 and 2011, using four major databases: Medline/PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Knowledge. We explored the content of these editorials and the relationship they established between COIs and the public trust in science. Our results demonstrate that the relationship between disclosure of COIs and public trust in science has become a major concern among editors. We, thus, argue that COIs should be discussed more openly and frequently in graduate courses in the sciences, around the globe, not only in biomedical but also in non-biomedical areas. This is a critical issue in contemporary science, as graduate students are the future voices and decision-makers of the research community. Therefore, COIs, especially in the broader context of science and society, merit closer attention from policymakers, researchers, and educators. At times of great expectations for public engagement with science, mishandling of COIs may have undesirable consequences for public engagement with science and confidence in the scientific endeavor.

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