Fundacao MS

Brazil

Fundacao MS

Brazil
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de Souza C.M.A.,Federal University of Grande Dourados | Bottega E.L.,Federal University of Viçosa | Vilela F.V.,Fundacao MS | Rafull L.Z.L.,Federal University of Grande Dourados | de Queiroz D.M.,Federal University of Viçosa
Acta Scientiarum - Agronomy | Year: 2010

The objective of this work was to analyze the effect of grain moisture and crop yield spatial distribution on grain losses and quality during bean uprooting, collecting, threshing and separating process on a retirement-threshing machine. The work was performed in a 35 ha area under a central pivot irrigation system. Grain moisture on the uprooting and collecting process, the crop yield, the machine work speed, the grain losses during uprooting, collecting, threshing and separating process and the material-other-than-grain were measured. Grain losses and product quality displayed high variation over the area, showing the need for a specific regulation of the retirement-threshing machine on each case during the harvest, in function of the grain moisture and crop yield.


Broch D.L.,Fundacao MS | Del Quiqui E.M.,State University of Maringá | da Silva T.R.B.,State University of Maringá | da Hora R.C.,State University of Maringá | Possentti J.C.,Federal Technological University of Paraná
Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment | Year: 2012

The objective was to evaluate the yield of three soybean (Glycine max) varieties, each one growing in different year, using three fertilizer (Fosmag, 00-17-17, Yorin + KCl, ARAD + KCl, 02-27-20) rates: recommended, low and control. To conduct the experiment on Maracaju municipal district, Mato Grosso do Sul state Brazil, in an Oxisol, a randomized block design with five repetitions and eleven treatments (ten treatments + control) was used. The application of Fosmag and 00-17-17 formulation showed to be the best fertilizer to three varieties under experimental soil conditions.


Itavo L.C.V.,Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul | de Souza A.D.V.,Catholic University Dom Bosco | Favaro S.P.,EMBRAPA - Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária | Itavo C.C.B.F.,Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul | And 7 more authors.
Animal Feed Science and Technology | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different levels of crambe meal (CM) in the diet as a substitute for soybean meal on feed intake, growth performance, blood parameters, carcass characteristics and meat quality of lambs. A total of 80 sheep predominantly from the Texel breed, 40 male (23.3. ±. 0.98. kg) and 40 female (22.1. ±. 0.95. kg) lambs, were fed 0, 64, 128 or 192. g/kg dry matter (DM) CM in the total mixed diet. Intake of DM increased in parallel with the level of CM inclusion in the diet and there was no effect of CM on digestibility and weight gain. The feed to gain ratio decreased as levels of CM increased in the diet. Yields of carcass and commercial cuts were similar among diets. The proportion of muscle and the muscle to bone ratio tended to decrease with higher CM level in the diet. Male and female lambs responded similarly to CM levels except for subcutaneous fat where there was a greater decrease in carcass of male than female lambs with increasing CM dietary level. Chemical composition and quality of the longissimus dorsi were similar among diets. These data suggest that there are no ill effects on carcass quality and animal performance when CM is provided at up to 192. g/kg DM in the diet of growing lambs fed a forage to concentrate ratio of 350-650. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Broch D.L.,Fundacao MS | Pavinato P.S.,Federal Technological University of Paraná | Possentti J.C.,Federal Technological University of Paraná | Martin T.N.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Del Quiqui E.M.,State University of Maringá
Revista Ciencia Agronomica | Year: 2011

Sulphur is a component of protein and aminoacids in plants, being required in an expressive amount by leguminous, as function of high protein levels in these plants. Then, this work aimed to verify the influence of different sulphur sources on soybean grain yield. The experiment was carried out at the experimental area of Fundação MS, Maracajú, MS, in three consecutive years in a randomized block design with four replications, submitted to variance analysis of group experiments. The cultivars used were BRS-133 (2002/03 and 2003/04) and CD 202 (2004/05). As treatments, it was evaluated the application of sulfur as Simple Superphosphate, MAP sulphured + Sulfurgran, Sulfurgran, elemental sulphur, granulated gypsum, Fosmag 509M6, agricultural gypsum throwed on surface, and a witness without application. Soybean crop answer is positive to soil applied sulphur in Brazilian cerrado soils, in most of the time to obtain higher grain yield. Most of S sources were efficient to provide this nutrient for soybean, highlighting the applications of MAP Sulphured + Sulfurgran, Formag 509M6 and agricultural gypsum, that promoted the highest soybean grain yield. Elemental sulphur was not efficient to provide available S for the crop.


Michelotto M.D.,Polo Regional Centro Norte | Crosariol Netto J.,São Paulo State University | Grigolli J.F.J.,Fundacao MS | Busoli A.C.,São Paulo State University | And 3 more authors.
Bioscience Journal | Year: 2015

The cotton leafworm, Alabama argillacea (Hübner, 1818) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a major defoliating pest that reduces yield and quality of the crop. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different levels of defoliation caused by different larval densities of A. argillacea on four cotton cultivars in three different plant ages. The experiment was conducted at an experimental station of the Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios (APTA), Polo Centro Norte, in Pindorama, SP, Brazil. The experiment was arranged in a factorial randomized block design with 4 replicates: four cultivars (DeltaOPAL, IAC-25, Fibermax 996 and Fibermax 993) × four larval densities (0, 2, 4, and 6 larvae per plant) × three infestation times (30, 60 and 90 days after plant emergence). Fortnightly evaluations carried out based on the production of squares, flowers, fruits and bolls per plant. It was found that the higher infestation level of A. argillacea, the lower was the production of buds per plant and consequently the production of fruits and bolls of the four varieties. Early infestation (30 and 60 DAE) reduced the production of reproductive structures per plant in cultivars more than late infestation (90 DAE). © 2015, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia. All rights reserved.


Crosariol Netto J.,São Paulo State University | Michelotto M.D.,Polo Regional Centro Norte | Grigolli J.F.J.,Fundacao MS | Galli J.A.,Polo Regional Centro Norte | And 2 more authors.
Bioscience Journal | Year: 2015

This study evaluated the symptoms of attack by the green belly stink bug, Dichelops melacanthus (Dallas, 1851), in conventional and transgenic commercial corn (Zea mays) hybrids, the seeds of which were either treated using the insecticide thiamethoxam or without chemical treatment. The experiment was conducted during the 2010/2011 crop season in Pindorama, São Paulo State, Brazil. The percentage of plants with symptoms or injuries was recorded by visually evaluating the degree or intensity of attack symptoms. The height of the plants was also recorded on a weekly basis, until the plants were 40 DAE. We also measured yield compounds, such as the number of rows of grain/spikes, spike weight (with and without straw), and grain weight. The seeds of hybrids that had previously been treated with thiamethoxam showed lower percentage of the number of plants that were attacked. Further, the grain weight of the plants increased 29.5% more than that of plants from untreated seeds. It was also found that transgenic hybrids exhibited lower height reduction in 40 DAE plants than did conventional isolines. Visual inspection is effective in assessing the degree of injury caused by attacks to the developing plants. © 2015, Biosci. J., All rights Reserved.


Salton J.C.,Embrapa Agropecuaria Oeste | Mielniczuk J.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Bayer C.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Fabricio A.C.,Embrapa Agropecuaria Oeste | And 2 more authors.
Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira | Year: 2011

The objective of this work was to evaluate the ability of soil management systems to change the contents and dynamics of soil carbon. Natural vegetation and systems composed of perennial tropical pastures, annual crops under conventional tillage and no-tillage systems, and pasture rotation with annual crops were evaluated in long-term experiments carried out in Dourados, Maracaju and Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil. The experiments were set in a completely randomized block design, in Dourados and Maracaju, and in a randomized complete block design in Campo Grande. Contents and stocks of total C in soil and in soil organic matter (SOM) fractions were measured. The quality of SOM was estimated by the ratio of C in labile and nonlabile fractions, and expressed in the form of lability. Permanent pasture or pasture in rotation with crops increased C in the particulate fraction and the SOM lability. Lower rates of accumulation and of stocks of soil C were observed in systems explored only with annual crops, while higher values were recorded in systems with pasture.

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