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Sethi M.,National Institute of Urban Affairs | Sethi M.,United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability | Puppim de Oliveira J.,Fundacao Getulio Vargas FGV | Puppim de Oliveira J.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | And 2 more authors.
Urban Climate | Year: 2015

As the world takes an unprecedented rural-urban population tilt, the 21st century poses a challenge in further tinkering the internationally evident disparities in access and allocation of carbon. Traditionally, inequalities have been negotiated from economic or 'state of development' perspective. This research, to our knowledge is the first of its kind that plots carbon emission of over 200 nations/territories against a spatial framework. The study argues that existing dualities in the international climate change governance, evident in the so called global 'North-South' economic divide, has a stronger component of 'Urban-Rural' spatial disparity in the making, which is likely to further precipitate into a much local but complex dynamic, particularly relevant to the developing world, that face the double challenge of rapid urbanization and environmental sustainability. The paper discusses the ethical, empirical and governance gaps in climate governance related to the urban-rural carbon dynamics and conclude with a future pathway, committed to procedural justice and sub-nationalization of carbon governance, fairly acknowledging carbon flows at the local level through standard inventories based on consumption criteria. The research offers a shifting paradigm in global climate governance, in view of the inclusion of cities as Goal 11 within the upcoming sustainable development goals and the UNFCCC COP21 to be held in Paris in 2015 and beyond. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Agustini C.A.D.,Fundacao Getulio Vargas FGV | Agustini C.A.D.,Municipal University of Sao Caetano do Sul | De Almeida C.M.V.B.,Paulista University | Agostinho F.D.R.,Paulista University | Giannetti B.F.,Paulista University
Gestao e Producao | Year: 2015

Stock exchange is the space in which companies can raise capital by stimulating entrepreneurial activity. Environmentally responsible investors seek to invest in stocks of sustainable enterprises because they are more profitable. Given this demand, the Corporate Sustainability Index (ISE) was created in Brazil in 2005 - a pioneer initiative in Latin America and the fourth indicator of this kind in the world. This index compares the performance of the companies listed on the Securities, Commodities and Futures Exchange (BM&FBOVESPA) considering aspects of the sustainability concept. It is an index of referential actions for socially responsible investments comprising companies that excel in sustainability in the long term. The purpose of this index is to create an environment for investment compatible with the demands of society's sustainable development and encourage more sustainable practices in businesses. Investments in sustainable companies create value for the shareholder, because these companies are better prepared to face economic, social and environmental risks. Integrating the ISE is equivalent to having a quality seal recognized by the market as a company that operates under the concepts of sustainability. For the 40 companies listed in the ISE in 2013, according to standards of the National Environmental Policy Act (Law No. 10,165), interference on a territory was ranked by their potential for pollution and use of natural resources. However, Law No. 10,165 does not include in its classification the economic scale impact of the potential pollution and use of natural resources of these enterprises. When the impact of the economic scale of the members of the ISE in 2013 is considered, the original classification of Law No. 10,165 is expanded, enabling stakeholders to measure the interference of these companies in the biosphere. SABESP, CPFL ENERGIA, TELEFONICA BRASIL (Vivo), CEMIG, OI, FOODS BRF (Sadia, Perdigão, Batavo and Elegê), ELETROBRAS, BRASKEN, GERDAU, IPIRANGA and VALE are companies that require greater attention from stakeholders, because they present high potential for pollution and use of natural resources according to the extended parameters of Law No. 10,165.

Alperstedt G.D.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Quintella R.H.,University of Brighton | Martignago G.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Bulgacov S.,Fundacao Getulio Vargas FGV
Revista de Gestao Social e Ambiental | Year: 2013

The general purpose of this case study is to analyze the influence of foreign market performance on environmental management strategies of the largest ceramic companies of Brazil. The fundamental theories discuss the determining aspects of environmental management, with emphasis on the requirements and standards of the foreign market. The foreign market demands that the domestic companies meet their standard of quality in regard to environmental issues and business attitudes. The research was conducted by means of a multi-case study of a qualitative nature by using semi-structured interviews and interpretive analysis. The data was organized in chronological order for both the performance in foreign markets as well as the environmental practices of the companies, with a focus on the strategic vision of the environmental policy of the organizations. Despite the coincidence of the progress of the studied categories (environmental management and foreign market performance) the results of the study do not affirm that environmental strategies of companies have been affected by foreign market performance. Other factors, however, arose as explanations for environmental strategies of the companies, such as Brazilian legislation and globalization, leading to the adoption of better practices to maintain a competitive edge.

Balaban O.,Middle East Technical University | Puppim de Oliveira J.A.,Fundacao Getulio Vargas FGV | Puppim de Oliveira J.A.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Puppim de Oliveira J.A.,School of International Relations | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2016

High concentrations of people and economic activities in urban areas have strengthened the links between cities, health and the environment. Cities are not only responsible for environmental and health problems but also they hold the key for a greener economy and a sustainable future. Urban built environment is a policy field where appropriate policies and actions could yield significant human and ecological benefits. Among different elements of urban built environment, buildings deserve particular attention due to their large contribution to environmental and health problems. The concept of sustainable (green) building is a recent response to address the problems that stem from the building sector. However, the widespread implementation of the concept is hindered by significant challenges. This paper argues that manifestation of multiple benefits that sustainable buildings deliver could help overcome some of these challenges. The paper presents the extent to which green buildings could generate co-benefits, and underlines the opportunities and barriers to push green building agenda forward.The results indicate that green and sustainably renovated buildings could yield significant benefits in terms of energy and CO2 reduction, cost savings, and improved health situation for building users. The case study buildings with the best two performances are found to achieve 33% and 26% reduction in energy use intensity, and 38% and 32% reduction in CO2 emissions intensity in comparison to benchmark values. Reduction in energy consumption in the top two buildings corresponds to an energy cost saving of $ 1-1.5 Million per year per building. Furthermore, the top two buildings are found to provide improved healthy environment due to improved indoor and ambient air quality, better thermal comfort and more natural lighting indoors. Making more explicit the multiple benefits of sustainable buildings needs further consideration in this regard. We recommend that the public sector could take key actions to accelerate the number of green buildings including fiscal support, technical assistance and policy reforms. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

Dos Santos Valle J.A.,Fundacao Getulio Vargas FGV | Ferreira V.C.P.,Federal University of Juiz de fora | Joia L.A.,Escola Brasileira de Administracao Publica e de Empresas EBAPE
Gestao e Producao | Year: 2014

Several organizations have implemented project management offices (PMOs) in their structures. Thus, the objective of this article is to unveil the actual perceptions of project management professionals about project management offices. The study of these perceptions lays on the application of the social representation theory. As such, this work identified, via the word evoking method associated with the theory of social representation, the perceptions of 716 project managers with respect to the project management office concept. Through the analysis of these perceptions, the study demonstrated that the social representation of project management offices according to project managers' perceptions is very similar to the role of the project management office as stated by its guidelines, which establishes an alignment between theory and practice regarding the role of project management offices in Brazil. However, this paper also indicates a high diversity of expressions associated with the PMO's social representation, which might indicate a lack of consensus on the actual role of this organizational structure.

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