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Monte Carmelo, Brazil

de Morais C.R.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Vieira T.C.,Fundacao Carmelitana Mario Palmerio | Borges R.M.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Guimaraes L.M.M.,Federal University of Uberlandia | And 10 more authors.
Bioscience Journal | Year: 2016

Soft drinks are industrialized unfermented beverages, free of alcohol, carbonated, rich in artificial flavors and sugar. The intense consumption of such beverages can be related to not inheritable diseases such as caries, allergy, cellulite and stretch marks, gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes and cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of different concentrations of soft drinks produced in the Uberlândia city, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, by means of Epithelial Tumor Detection Test using Drosophila melanogaster as a model. Third stage larvae descendants of crosses between D. melanogaster virgin females wts/TM3, sb1 and males mwh/mwh were treated with different concentrations (0.83, 1.66 or 3.33 mL/g) of cola, diet cola, orange or lemon soft drinks. The total epithelial tumor rate observed in flies treated with 3.33 mL/g of cola and orange soft drinks was higher than the negative control. The diet cola and lemon caused no significant increase in the overall frequency of epithelial tumors in D. melanogaster. In conclusion, in these experimental conditions, the cola and orange base soft drinks demonstrated carcinogenic potential in somatic cells of D. melanogaster in the concentration of 3.33 mL/g. © 2016, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia. All rights reserved.

Campos C.F.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Junior E.O.D.C.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Souto H.N.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Sousa E.D.F.,Fundacao Carmelitana Mario Palmerio | Pereira B.B.,Federal University of Uberlandia
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A: Current Issues | Year: 2016

The micronucleus (MN) test and analysis of heavy metal biological accumulation in Tradescantia pallida (T. pallida) were bioassays used to assess the genotoxic potential of emissions from a complex of ceramic industries into the atmosphere in a city in Brazil that is considered a national reference source for roof tile production. The ceramic industry emission-exposed T. pallida plants were biomonitored during the dry season, in June, July, and August 2013. In addition to the contaminated monitoring site, a reference site in a peri-urban area was utilized, for comparative purposes. Genotoxicity assessments were determined monthly, while heavy metal bioaccumulation was measured at the end of the total exposure period. The MN frequency was significantly greater in T. pallida plants exposed in the ceramic industry emission monitored area compared to the reference site, and highest MN rates were observed in July and August. With respect to heavy metal bioaccumulation in T. pallida leaves, cadmium (Cd) and chromium (Cr) concentrations were significantly higher in plants at the ceramic industry emission monitoring site. Thus, in relation to the parameters assessed, T. pallida was found to be sensitive to atmospheric contamination by heavy metals attributed to ceramic products emissions generated by the ceramic industry, confirming that this plant species may be employed as a reference organism in biomonitoring studies. © 2016 Taylor & Francis

Campos C.F.,Fundacao Carmelitana Mario Palmerio | Campos C.F.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Pereira B.B.,Federal University of Uberlandia | de Campos-Junior E.O.,Federal University of Uberlandia | And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Biology | Year: 2015

Pollutants have adverse effects on human health and on other organisms that inhabit or use water resources. The aim of the present study was to assess the environmental quality of three watercourses in Monte Carmelo, MG, Brazil, using the micronucleus test on Tradescantia. For each treatment, 15 plants were exposed to water samples for 24 h. The control group was exposed to formaldehyde (0.2%) and the negative control to Hoagland solution. Subsequently the plants were placed in Hoagland solution for 24 h to recover. Cells were stained with 2% acetic carmine and examined by light microscopy. Three hundred tetrads were analyzed per slide. The frequency of genotoxic alterations was expressed as the number of micronuclei per 100 tetrads, and the groups were compared by ANOVA. At all sample sites for each watercourse significant genotoxicity indices were observed. The results suggest that in the Mumbuca creek, the current situation of effluent discharge should be reconsidered by the municipal environmental authorities. The increase in micronucleus frequency denoted for water samples of the Mumbuca creek, Lambari river and Perdizes river emphasizes the need to adopt environmental vigilance strategies, such as biological monitoring. © 2015, Sociedade Brasileira de Genética. Printed in Brazil.

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