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Zhao Y.,Ocean University of China | Zhao Y.,State Oceanic Administration | Wei Z.,State Oceanic Administration | Wei Z.,Function Laboratory for Ocean Dynamics and Numerical Modeling | And 4 more authors.
Acta Oceanologica Sinica | Year: 2015

Based on monthly mean Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) products from 1958 to 2007, this study analyzes the seasonal and interannual variability of the North Equatorial Current (NEC) bifurcation latitude and the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) volume transport. Further, Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) method and lag-correlation analysis are employed to reveal the relationships between the NEC bifurcation location, NEC and ITF volume transport and ENSO events. The analysis results of the seasonal variability show that the annual mean location of NEC bifurcation in upper layer occurs at 14.33°N and ITF volume transport has a maximum value in summer, a minimum value in winter and an annual mean transport of 7.75×106 m3/s. The interannual variability analysis indicates that the variability of NEC bifurcation location can be treated as a precursor of El Niño. The correlation coefficient between the two reaches the maximum of 0.53 with a time lag of 2 months. The ITF volume transport is positively related with El Niño events with a maximum coefficient of 0.60 by 3 months. The NEC bifurcation location is positively correlated with the ITF volume transport with a correlation coefficient of 0.43. © 2015, The Chinese Society of Oceanography and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Gao X.,State Oceanic Administration | Gao X.,Function Laboratory for Ocean Dynamics and Numerical Modeling | Wei Z.,State Oceanic Administration | Wei Z.,Function Laboratory for Ocean Dynamics and Numerical Modeling | And 5 more authors.
Ocean Modelling | Year: 2015

We adopt a parameterized internal tide dissipation term to the two-dimensional (2-D) shallow water equations, and develop the corresponding adjoint model to investigate tidal dynamics in the South China Sea (SCS). The harmonic constants derived from 63 tidal gauge stations and 24 TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P) satellite altimeter crossover points are assimilated into the adjoint model to minimize the deviations of the simulated results and observations by optimizing the bottom friction coefficient and the internal tide dissipation coefficient. Tidal constituents M2, S2, K1 and O1 are simulated simultaneously. The numerical results (assimilating only tidal gauge data) agree well with T/P data showing that the model results are reliable. The co-tidal charts of M2, S2, K1 and O1 are obtained, which reflect the characteristics of tides in the SCS. The tidal energy flux is analyzed based on numerical results. The strongest tidal energy flux appears in the Luzon Strait (LS) for both semi-diurnal and diurnal tidal constituents. The analysis of tidal energy dissipation indicates that the bottom friction dissipation occurs mainly in shallow water area, meanwhile the internal tide dissipation is mainly concentrated in the LS and the deep basin of the SCS. The tidal energetics in the LS is examined showing that the tidal energy input closely balances the tidal energy dissipation. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

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