Funabashi Municipal Medical Center

Funabashi, Japan

Funabashi Municipal Medical Center

Funabashi, Japan
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Minakata K.,Kyoto University | Tanaka S.,Kyoto University | Okawa Y.,Cardiovascular Center Hokkaido Ohno Hospital | Shimamoto M.,Shizuoka City Shizuoka Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Circulation Journal | Year: 2014

Background: According to the Japanese Circulation Society guidelines, a bioprosthesis is recommended for aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients aged ≥65 years who have no risk factors for thromboembolism. There are few data, however, regarding the actual durability of bioprosthetic valves in Japanese patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term durability of Carpentier-Edwards pericardial (CEP) valves in Japanese AVR patients, and to assess the risk factors for reoperation due to structural valve deterioration (SVD). Methods and Results: From 1986 to 2001, a total of 591 patients underwent AVR with CEP valves in 9 hospitals. Of these, 574 patients (mean age, 71.9±8.5 years) were analyzed in this study. There were 26 in-hospital deaths (4.5%). The 10-year follow-up rate was 82.6% and the median follow-up time was 9.2 years. Freedom from reopera-tion due to SVD was 99.5%, 96.7%, and 87.5% at 5, 10, and 15 years, respectively. Factors that raised the risk of reoperation due to SVD included younger age at operation and history of prior operation. In patients aged ≥65 years, freedom from reoperation due to SVD was 94.4% at 15 years. Conclusions: The durability of CEP valves in patients with AVR was excellent, especially in elderly patients. Thus, it seems appropriate to follow the current Japanese Circulation Society recommendations for the use of biopros-thetic valves.

Sughimoto K.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Liang F.,Institute of Physical and Chemical Research | Liang F.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Takahara Y.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2013

Objective: A sufficient understanding of patients' cardiovascular status is necessary for doctors to make the best decisions with regard to the treatment of cardiovascular disease; however, it is often not available because of the limitation of clinical measurements. The objective of this study was to examine whether cardiovascular function can be assessed quantitatively and for specific patients by combining clinical data with a computational model of the cardiovascular system. Methods: Seven consecutive patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled in this study. The clinical data were collected both during the preoperative diagnosis and during the operation. Sensitivity analysis was performed to select the major model parameters most relevant to the measured data. The major model parameters were then estimated through a data-fitting procedure, enabling a patient-specific quantitative assessment of various aspects of cardiovascular function. Results: The results revealed the prevalence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in the patients, although the severity of dysfunction exhibits significant interpatient variability (the estimated left ventricular passive elastance varies from 194% to 540% of its reference value). Moreover, 4 of the 7 patients studied had impaired left ventricular systolic function. Conclusions: The current study demonstrates the feasibility of assessing cardiovascular function quantitatively by combining clinical data with a cardiovascular model. In particular, the assessment utilizes the measurements already in use or available in clinical settings, enhancing the clinical potential of the proposed method. Copyright © 2013 by The American Association for Thoracic Surgery.

Arima T.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center | Nagata O.,Cancer Institute Hospital of JFCR | Miura T.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center | Ikeda K.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Emergency Medicine | Year: 2014

Study objective This study sought to determine and compare the utility of the Airway scope (AWS; Pentax Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and the conventional Macintosh laryngoscope (MLS) for intubation in the prehospital setting. Methods In this randomized controlled trial in the prehospital setting, the primary outcome was time required for intubation, and the secondary outcomes were ultimate success, first attempt success, and difficulty of intubation. The intent-to-treat principle was used to analyze time to intubation. Ultimate success was defined as intubation completed within 600 s regardless of the device ultimately used. Results A total of 109 patients, primarily with cardiac arrest, were randomly assigned to the AWS or MLS arms. Median time (interquartile range) to intubation was 155 (71-216) s with the AWS versus 120 (60-170) s with the MLS (P =.095). Ultimate success rate was slightly lower with the AWS (96.4%) than with the MLS (100%) (P =.496), while the first attempt success rate was significantly lower (46% and 75%, respectively; P =.002). There was no significant difference in difficulty of intubation (P =.066). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that cervical immobilization and oral contamination, such as vomit, was associated with first attempt success (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 0.11 [0.01-0.87] and 0.43 [0.18-0.99], respectively). Conclusion Despite its many advantages seen in other settings, the AWS did not show superior efficacy to the MLS in relation to time required for intubation, ultimate or first attempt success rate, or difficulty level of intubation in the prehospital setting. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Yamamoto Y.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2012

We report a case of patient who is alive 10 years after total gastrectomy and partial liver resection for gastric cancer and liver metastasis, respectively. The patient is 69-year-old man who was examined in another hospital for nausea, tarry stool, and weight loss. Diagnosis by stomach fluoroscopy revealed gastric cancer and he was admitted to our hospital in September 2002. Computed tomography (CT) scan and ultrasonography (US) revealed liver metastasis in S7. Distant metastases were not detected. The patient underwent distal gastrectomy, transverse colon partial resection, and a hepatic partial resection in October 2002. Pathological findings showed SI, N1, and M1. Though adjuvant chemotherapy was given, a local recurrence was detected in the liver in February 2003. Hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) was started in April 2003. After 8 courses, HAI was discontinued because of hepatic artery obstruction. No additional distant metastases were found. Therefore, transdiaphragmatic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) was performed by thoracotomy. Currently, the patient is treatment free and remains alive after 10 years with no recurrence.

Matsuura K.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center | Mogi K.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center | Aoki C.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center | Takahara Y.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center
Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2011

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) after mitral valve replacement (MVR) on the late clinical outcome, evaluated from the referred value and measured mitral valve area in the echocardiograph. Patients and Method: The records of 212 patients who underwent MVR between 1995 and 2008 at Funabashi Municipal Medical Center, Japan were studied retrospectively. Exclusions were patients who had a repeat MVR or concomitant aortic valve surgery. Of 212 patients, 163 underwent the Doppler echocardiographic study more than 1 year after surgery. Primary endpoint was late survival, and secondary endpoint was major adverse cardiac event (MACE). The average follow-up period was 53.1 ± 100.8 months. The effective orifice area index (EOAI) was calculated using the referred effective orifice area (r-EOA) and measured effective orifice area (m-EOA). An EOAI smaller than 1.2 cm2/m2 defined PPM. Results: For r-EOAI, 125 patients (group P) had PPM and 87patients (group N) did not. Between groups, there was a significant difference in the proportion of males (group P vs. N; 59% vs. 23%; P = 0.0001), postoperative NYHA class (1.02 ± 6.2 vs. 9.8 ± 1.6, P = 0.04), late mitral valve area (MVA) (2.50 ± 0.56 vs. 2.78 ± 0.60, P = 0.005), and peak transmitral pressure gradient (MPG) 11.9 ± 6.2 vs 9.8 ± 1.6, P = 0.04). However, there was no difference in late survival (P = 0.55) or incidence of a major cardiac adverse event (MACE) (P = 0.14). For m-EOAI, 17 patients (group P) had PPM and 146 patients (group N) did not. Between groups, there was a difference in the bioprosthetic valve (group P vs. N; 76% vs. 26%, P = 0.006) and mean MPG (5.2 ± 2.3 vs. 3.7 ± 1.8 P = 0.02). However, there was no difference in late survival (P = 0.99) and incidence of MACE (P = 0.86). The r- and m-EOAI were well correlated (correlation coefficient 0.46; 0.33-0.5) Conclusions: The PPM after MVR was not related to the late survival or the incidence of MACE based on both r- and m-EOAI. The patient group of PPM defined by r-EOAI tended to be male and that defined by m-EOAI tended to be bioprosthetic. © 2011 The Editorial Committee of Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Nakamura S.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center
Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society | Year: 2011

A 43-year-old diabetic man had a productive cough and high fever and was admitted to another hospital. His condition did not improve despite treatment with Cefepime, and he was transferred to our hospital. Chest X-ray films and CT findings showed pulmonary infiltration and diffuse ground-glass opacities in bilateral lung fields, but disseminated nodules were not identified. Since his bronchial lavage fluid (BALF) was bloody, we suspected diffuse alveolar hemorrhage due to vasculitis. Steroid pulse therapy was given, and his fever and chest X-ray findings completely improved. However, 1 week later, he again suffered a high fever and bloody sputum, and a chest X-ray film showed granular shadows in bilateral lung fields. He died of respiratory failure on the 18th hospital day despite treatment and mechanical ventilation. An autopsy revealed many necrotizing epithelioid granulomas in both lungs, the liver, the spleen, both kidneys and both adrenal glands. These findings indicated miliary tuberculosis, and a culture of his sputum and BALF finally revealed mycobacterium tuberculosis. Marked alveolar hemorrhage and a hyaline membrane were also found in both lungs, but vasculitis was not recognized in any organ. We report this case, because to the best of our knowledge diffuse alveolar hemorrhage has not been reported as the primary symptom of miliary tuberculosis.

Nagano N.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Nagano N.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center | Nagano Y.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Toyama M.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2014

We characterized penicillin-susceptible group B streptococcal (PSGBS) clinical isolates exhibiting no growth inhibition zone around a ceftibuten disk (CTBr PSGBS). The CTBr PSGBS isolates, for which augmented MICs of cefaclor and ceftizoxime were found, shared a T394A substitution in penicillin-binding protein 2X (PBP 2X) and a T567I substitution in PBP 2B, together with an additional G429S substitution in PBP 2X or a T145A substitution in PBP 1A, although the T145A substitution in the transglycosidase domain of PBP 1A would have no effect on the level of resistance to ceftibuten. Copyright © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Matsutani S.,Health Science University | Mizumoto H.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center
Journal of Medical Ultrasonics | Year: 2012

Unusual to-and-fro waveforms were demonstrated in the left gastric vein on Doppler sonograms in four patients with liver cirrhosis. The patterns of the to-and-fro waveforms were diverse in each of the patients: both hepatopetal and hepatofugal flow occurred in a single waveform in case 1, changes in the flow direction with flow interruption were noted in case 2, and changes in flow direction without observation of flow interruption and changes after meals were noted in cases 3 and 4, respectively. These waveforms may represent a transitional phase during the development of a portal systemic shunt in patients with portal hypertension. © 2011 The Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine.

Kimura K.,Nagoya University | Kimura K.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Nagano N.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center | Nagano Y.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy | Year: 2013

Objectives: Recently several clinical isolates of Streptococcus agalactiae [also known as group B Streptococcus (GBS)] that have acquired reduced penicillin susceptibility (PRGBS) by amino acid substitutions in the penicillin-binding protein 2X have emerged. The frequency of fluoroquinolone (FQ)- and macrolide-resistant streptococci among PRGBS is not yet known. Methods: Fifty-seven GBS [19 PRGBS and 38 penicillin-susceptible GBS (PSGBS)], isolated from different medical institutions in Japan, were studied. For GBS, the MICs of penicillin G, levofloxacin and erythromycin were determined using the agar dilution method. Nineteen PRGBS were previously confirmed as genetically diverse streptococci by PFGE. Further, the mechanisms underlying penicillin, FQ and macrolide non-susceptibility/resistance were analysed. Results: The frequency of non-susceptibility to FQs among PSGBS was 18.4% (7/38), whereas that among PRGBS was 100% (19/19). The frequency of resistance to erythromycin among PSGBS was 7.9% (3/38), while that among PRGBS was 47.4% (9/19). Statistical significance was determined using Fisher's exact test between reduced penicillin susceptibility and FQ non-susceptibility (P ≤ 0.0001) and macrolide resistance (P = 0.0012). The resistance/non-susceptibility mechanisms among PRGBS were diverse, suggesting that the PRGBS examined were not clonal. Conclusions: PRGBS isolates tend to show resistance to FQs and/or macrolides. Because the drug choice for treating these multidrug-resistant GBS is more limited than that for usual GBS, these strains may present future public health challenges. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.

Nagano N.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Nagano N.,Funabashi Municipal Medical Center | Nagano Y.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Toyama M.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy | Year: 2012

Background: Multiple group B Streptococcus (GBS) isolates with reduced penicillin susceptibility (PRGBS) were recovered from several patients, hence a probable nosocomial transmission of PRGBS in a hospital setting was suspected. Methods: Ten PRGBS recovered from eight patients in a general hospital were characterized. Sequence analysis of genes for penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) and quinolone resistance-determining regions (QRDRs) of gyrA, gyrB and parC was performed, and the macrolide resistance genes were detected by PCR. Genetic relatedness among the isolates was examined by PFGE and multilocus sequence typing. Results: All the PRGBS had the key amino acid substitution V405A, together with F395L, R433H, H438Y and G648A in PBP 2X and T567I in PBP 2B. A 23S rRNA methylase gene, erm(B), was also found in all 10 PRGBS strains. PFGE analysis revealed considerable genetic relatedness among the isolates. Isolates of pulsotype I were obtained from four patients in ward A and one patient in ward B, while isolates of pulsotypes II and III were obtained from two patients in ward B and one patient in ward C, respectively. Isolates of pulsotype I were resistant to levofloxacin (MIC >8 mg/L) and had the following amino acid substitutions in the QRDRs: S81L in GyrA, E476K in GyrB and S79Y in ParC. However, pulsotype II strains resistant to levofloxacin (MIC 8 mg/L) had no change in GyrA, but changes in GyrB (E476K) and ParC (S79Y). All 10 PRGBS strains belonged to serotype VI and ST458 (where ST stands for sequence type). Conclusions: This is the first description of the nosocomial spread of multidrug-resistant PRGBS strains belonging to the genetic lineage ST458. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.

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