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Wheeler J.A.,University of Massachusetts Amherst | Gonzalez N.M.,Fullerton College | Stinson K.A.,University of Massachusetts Amherst
Canadian Journal of Forest Research | Year: 2017

Microhabitat environmental conditions are an important filter for seedling establishment, controlling the availability of optimal recruitment sites. Understanding how tree seedlings respond to warming soil temperature is critical for predicting population recruitment in the future hardwood forests of northeastern North America, particularly as environmental conditions and thus optimal microhabitat availabilities change. We examined the effect of soil warming of 5 °C during the first growing season on germination, survival, phenology, growth, and stem and root biomass allocation in Acer rubrum L. (red maple) seedlings. While there was no effect of soil warming on germination or survival, seedlings growing in warmer soils demonstrated significantly accelerated leaf expansion, delayed autumn leaf senescence, and an extended leaf production period. Further, seedlings growing in warmer soils showed larger leaf area and stem and root structures at the end of the first growing season, with no evidence of biomass allocation trade-offs. Results suggest that A. rubrum seedlings can capitalize on soil warming by adjusting leaf phenology and leaf production, resulting in a longer period of carbon uptake and leading to higher overall biomass. The absence of growth allocation trade-offs suggests that A. rubrum will respond positively to increasing soil temperatures in northeastern forests, at least in the early life stages. © 2017, Canadian Science Publishing. All rights reserved.


Vetter R.S.,University of California at Riverside | Vincent L.S.,Fullerton College | Danielsen D.W.R.,Fullerton College | Reinker K.I.,Fullerton College | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Medical Entomology | Year: 2012

The brown widow spider, Latrodectus geometricus C. L. Koch, has become newly established in southern California during the first decade of the 21st century. Brown widows and egg sacs were collected within the urban Los Angeles Basin using timed searches. We also collected and compared the abundance and distribution of the native western black widow spider, Latrodectus hesperus Chamberlin & Ivie, to brown widows. Brown widows were very common around urban structures especially outside homes, in parks, under playground equipment, in plant nurseries and landscaping areas, greatly outnumbering native western black widows, and were very rare or nonexistent in garages, agricultural crops, and natural areas. Western black widows predominated in xeric habitats and were less prevalent around homes. Neither species was found in the living space of homes. In southern California, envenomation risk exists because brown widows are now common in urban areas and the spiders hide where people place their fingers and exert pressure to move objects (e.g., under the curled lip of potted plants, in the recessed handle of plastic trash bins). Nonetheless, brown widow spider bites are less toxic than those of native western black widow spiders and, hence, if they are displacing black widows, overall widow envenomation risk may actually be lower than before brown widow establishment. © 2012 Entomological Society of America.


Dholakia-Lehenbauer K.,Northwood University | Elliott E.,University of Texas at Dallas | Cordell B.,Fullerton College
Space Policy | Year: 2012

This paper explores the possible relationship between space exploration and long swings in the economy and socio-technical systems. We posit that the early phases of long upswings are characterized by periods of optimism and the spirit of adventure that provided a motivation for large-scale explorations and other great infrastructure projects in the past. These Maslow Windows help us understand prior eras of exploration and cultural dynamism, and offer a hopeful scenario for space exploration in the next two decades. We offer some observations as to what the exploratory thrust might look like, including a return to the lunar surface combined with other activities. Of course, we also point out that the next great wave of space exploration will almost certainly have a much more international flavor than has heretofore been the case. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


An analysis of California’s college career training programs by leading higher education resource site, Community for Accredited Online Schools (AccreditedSchoolsOnline.org), has revealed the top 54 schools in the state for trade and vocational education. Crediting two-year and four-year schools respectively, the site ranked Lincoln University, Humphreys College Stockton and Modesto Campuses, University of LaVerne, American River College, Sacramento City College, College of the Sequoias, Cosumnes River College and Cerritos College among the top scoring for Best Schools for Trade & Vocational Programs in California for 2016-2017. “Some of today’s fastest growing industries are in trade and vocational fields, and projections show these industries continuing to gain steam over the next decade,” said Doug Jones, CEO and Founder of the Community for Accredited Online Schools. “The California colleges credited on our list are those helping students achieve maximum success with not only high quality training, but career placement and counseling services that can pave the way to successful job placement.” The Community for Accredited Online Schools requires colleges and universities to meet minimum standards to qualify for ranking. Institutions must be regionally accredited and hold public or private not-for-profit status to be considered. For the Best Trade & Vocational Programs list, schools must also offer career counseling and placement services to assist students. Qualifying schools are scored and ranked based on analysis of more than a dozen unique statistics, such as student-teacher ratios and program variety. A full list of schools on California’s ranking, as well as details on the data points and methodology used to determine scores and list position can be found at: Allan Hancock College American River College Antelope Valley College Bakersfield College Cabrillo College California College San Diego, San Diego California College San Diego, San Marcos Cerritos College Cerro Coso Community College Chabot College Chaffey College Citrus College City College of San Francisco Coastline Community College College of Alameda College of San Mateo College of the Canyons College of the Desert College of the Redwoods College of the Sequoias Contra Costa College Cosumnes River College Crafton Hills College Cuyamaca College De Anza College Diablo Valley College East Los Angeles College El Camino College Folsom Lake College Foothill College Fresno City College Fullerton College Glendale Community College Golden West College Grossmont College Humphreys College - Stockton & Modesto Campuses Imperial Valley College Irvine Valley College Lake Tahoe Community College Laney College Las Positas College Lassen Community College Lincoln University Long Beach City College Los Angeles City College Los Angeles Harbor College Los Angeles Mission College Los Angeles Pierce College Los Angeles Southwest College Los Angeles Trade Technical College Los Angeles Valley College Los Medanos College Merced College Mission College Monterey Peninsula College Moorpark College Moreno Valley College Mt. San Antonio College Napa Valley College Norco College Ohlone College Orange Coast College Oxnard College Pasadena City College Porterville College Reedley College Rio Hondo College Riverside City College Sacramento City College Saddleback College San Bernardino Valley College San Diego City College San Diego Mesa College San Diego Miramar College San Jose City College Santa Barbara City College Santa Monica College Santa Rosa Junior College Shasta College Sierra College Skyline College Solano Community College Taft College University of La Verne Ventura College Victor Valley College West Los Angeles College Yuba College About Us: The Community for Accredited Online Schools (AccreditedSchoolsOnline.org) was founded in 2011 to provide students and parents with quality data and information about pursuing an affordable education that has been certified by an accrediting agency. Our community resource materials and tools span topics such as college accreditation, financial aid, opportunities available to veterans, people with disabilities, as well as online learning resources. We feature higher education institutions that have developed online learning programs that include highly trained faculty, new technology and resources, and online support services to help students achieve educational success. environments that include highly trained faculty, new technology and resources, and online support services to help students achieve educational and career success.


News Article | November 22, 2016
Site: www.24-7pressrelease.com

FULLERTON, CA, November 22, 2016-- This year, giving back to the Fullerton College Foundation can be easier and more rewarding (for everyone!) with just a few clicks of an app and our donation-match program on the global day dedicated to giving, known as GivingTuesday, November 29.The idea is easy: Just download the PinRaise app on your smartphone, select the Fullerton College Foundation as your designated charity, and sign up to become a gift-match donor for GivingTuesday. PinRaise is an app designed to promote charitable services by matching up individuals with a "Business with Heart " and worthy charities. When you use the PinRaise app for your purchases or services at one of the participating restaurants and businesses that give back on Tuesday, Nov. 29, you can raise double the money for the Foundation.For many of us, seeing "November" on the calendar immediately triggers that desire to start holiday shopping. That's why GivingTuesday is so important, and why the date is so key."During the holiday season, there are two popular days for commerce: Black Friday and Cyber Monday," said Huffington Post. "When you add in Small Business Saturday, two becomes three. And commerce is certainly important. But there were no days for service projects and giving back -- the two things that are most associated with the period from Thanksgiving to New Year's Day. GivingTuesday has come along and filled that void. In just 4 short years, it has taken the world by storm, and evolved into a phenomenon. The online space has emerged as a viable option for anyone looking to fundraise for charitable initiatives."According to the GivingTuesday site, the day "kicks off the charitable season, when many focus on their holiday and end-of-year giving." And the day has resonated with the public; In 2015, more than 45,000 organizations in 71 different countries were involved, and more than 700,000 individuals gave, raising more than $116,000,000.For more information or to learn how to support the Foundation, click here or send an email info@foundationfc.com . You can also click here to learn more about PinRaise and participating businesses and restaurants for GivingTuesday.About PinRaise: The PinRaise application encourages and directs users to select and then patronize the PinRaise network of sponsored businesses. These "Business with Heart" sponsors redirect a portion of each transaction automatically to that user's personal charitable cause.Our model creates an environment that allows a business to benefit with new and ongoing repeat customers creating a superior loyalty platform.


Ruas C.V.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Pinto R.S.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Hafenstine R.W.,Fullerton College | Pereira M.C.C.,University of Brasilia | Brown L.E.,California State University, Fullerton
Isokinetics and Exercise Science | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Independent peak torque (IPT) ratios may lead to misinterpretation of shoulder rotator imbalances. OBJECTIVE: To compare shoulder rotator IPT conventional ratio (CR) and dynamic control ratio (DCR) with ten-degree angle specific torque (AST) CR and DCR. METHODS: Twenty healthy adult males (24.65 ± 2.4 yrs) performed concentric (C) and eccentric (E) internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER) of the right shoulder on an isokinetic dynamometer at 60°/s and 180°/s through 150° of ROM. RESULTS: IPT DCR was significantly different than AST DCR at several angles at both test speeds. IPT CR were not significantly different than any AST CR at either speed. The last 3 ten degree AST DCR were also compared. AST DCR was significantly different at two angles at 60°/s and at three angles at 180°/s. CONCLUSION: DCR analysis should use a ten degree AST interpretative approach in order to avoid erroneous interpretations of shoulder rotator strength imbalances. IPT ratio tests should only be used to calculate CR. © 2014-IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.


News Article | December 3, 2016
Site: www.forbes.com

In a convoluted development intersecting the energy sector and Middle Eastern geopolitics, media in Israel is reporting that Israeli Attorney General Avichai Mandelblit has ordered a police probe into allegations that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s personal lawyer, David Shimron, used his close relationship with the Israeli leader to influence him to award a $1 billion contract to build three navy submarines to ThyssenKrupp, a German multinational conglomerate with a 4.5% ownership stake held by the Iranian government. The subs will be used to protect Israel’s massive offshore natural gas field in the Mediterranean. According to a report on Friday in The Times of Israel, Shimron was a representative of the company in Israel. The inquiry will also focus on a separate 2014 Defense Ministry tender for navy ships, also involving ThyssenKrupp. Israel’s Yedioth Acharonoth newspaper reported on Friday that the intersect between ThyssenKrupp and the Iranian government began in the 1970s during the reign of the Shah of Iran. The Shah’s government was later toppled during the Iranian revolution in 1979. During 1974, the Iranian government invested $400 million in the German conglomerate, a 24.9% stake, which was inherited by Iran’s current Islamic government. At the time ThyssenKrupp was mostly building steel, and not yet in the shipbuilding business. In May 2003, as a result of President George W. Bush’s pressure on Europe to restrict their business with Iran, ThyssenKrupp "made a bitter decision and repurchased 16.9 million shares from its Iranian partner, IFIC, for $437 million," Reza Yeganehshakib, a professor of Middle Eastern studies at Fullerton College and a geopolitical and energy analyst told me on Saturday. IFIC is the Iranian government's main avenue for investing abroad. Yeganehshakib said that ThyssenKrupp paid Iran $24 per share while the market price at time was only $8.92 per share. He added that the German company tried to have the U.S. Department of Commerce reimburse it for its loss, but to no avail. However, Iran is still making handsome profits from its long-time investment in the German company, earning approximately €2 billion ($2.13 billion) from ThyssenKrupp dividends. Netanyahu said last month he didn't know of Shimron’s ties to ThyssenKrupp. However, there is growing pressure over allegations that he pushed for buying the submarines from ThyssenKrupp despite opposition from the country’s defense establishment, though the Israel military has made a statement contradicting these claims. Twice in six months This development is the second time in the past six months that former Israeli-Iranian ties have intersected the present. In August, the Swiss Federal Tribunal, Switzerland's highest court, ordered Israel to pay $1.1 billion plus interest to Iran in a decade’s old dispute over a secretive oil pipeline predating Iran’s 1979 Islamic revolution. The verdict was dated June 27. Israeli media broke that particular story in August.


Nishida C.,Pueblo of Santa Ana | Boal C.W.,U.S. Geological Survey | Destefano S.,U.S. Geological Survey | Hobbs R.J.,Fullerton College
Journal of Raptor Research | Year: 2013

We studied Swainson's Hawks (Buteo swainsoni) in southeastern Arizona to assess the status of the local breeding population. Nest success (≥1 young fledged) was 44.4% in 1999 with an average of 1.43 ± 0.09 (SE) young produced per successful pair. Productivity was similar in 2000, with 58.2% nesting success and 1.83 ± 0.09 fledglings per successful pair. Mesquite (Prosopis velutina) and cottonwood (Populus fremontii) accounted for >50% of 167 nest trees. Nest trees were taller than surrounding trees and random trees, and overall there was more vegetative cover at nest sites than random sites. This apparent requirement for cover around nest sites could be important for management of the species in Arizona. However, any need for cover at nest sites must be balanced with the need for open areas for foraging. Density of nesting Swainson's Hawks was higher in agriculture than in grasslands and desert scrub. Breeding pairs had similar success in agricultural and nonagricultural areas, but the effect of rapid and widespread land-use change on breeding distribution and productivity continues to be a concern throughout the range of the species. © 2013 The Raptor Research Foundation, Inc.


Baldwin P.,Fullerton College
Radiologic technology | Year: 2011

Elastography is a newly emerging study of interest that can be especially helpful when used as an adjunct to conventional B-mode ultrasound in evaluating breast lesions. It is estimated that 80% of breast lesions currently biopsied prove to be benign. Reducing that percentage is advantageous to both patients and the imaging community. The specificity of conventional ultrasound when added to a mammography work-up needs improvement. Adding elastography may improve specificity. This Directed Reading describes different acoustic techniques used to obtain an elastogram and evaluation of scoring procedures. Major technique differences exist in imaging the elastic properties of tissue. This article is a Directed Reading. Your access to Directed Reading quizzes for continuing education credit is determined by your continuing education preference. For access to other quizzes, go to www.asrt.org/store.


News Article | October 25, 2016
Site: www.forbes.com

With its back against a fiscal wall, Saudi Arabia offered $17.5 billion in bonds on the international market on Wednesday. It’s the largest bond sale on record from an emerging market, topping Argentina’s bond sale in April of $16.5 billion. The amount exceeds previous estimates which had placed the bond offering anywhere between $10 billion and $16 billion. The government sold dollar-denominated bonds due in five years yielding 135 basis points more than similar-maturity U.S. Treasuries, 10-year notes at a spread of 165 basis points and 30-year securities at 210 basis points. Saudi Arabia is rated A1 at Moody’s Investors Service, the fifth-highest investment grade and two-notches below Qatar. The bond offering comes as the kingdom grapples with a more than two-year down tick in global oil prices amid historically high global oil production and corresponding record high oil inventory levels. Due to the low price environment and what can arguably be called the worst oil market crash in a generation, Riyadh has posted record high budget deficits, $98 billion last year, equal to 15% of its GDP, and an estimated $87 billion this year. Saudi Arabia’s financial problems are mounting, according to many experts, while some have recently told me that unless Riyadh gets its financial house in order, there is even a possibility of economic collapse for the Middle Eastern country of 33 million people. Reza Yeganehshakib, a professor of Middle Eastern studies at Fullerton College and a geopolitical and energy analyst, told me over the weekend that “the Saudis have a few options to prevent an economic crash and a feasible social unrest.” Some of those options, according to Yeganehshakib, include an economic diversification plan. But for that to work, he said, the government would have to cut its massive subsidies program to its population, adopt family planning and population control, decrease its foreign war expenditures, and lower its massive military budget.

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