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Kouguchi Y.,Fukuyama City Public Health Center | Teramoto M.,Fukuyama City Public Health Center | Kuramoto M.,Fukuyama City Public Health Center
Journal of Applied Microbiology | Year: 2010

Aims: We found that an adenine base caused fluorescence quenching of a fluorescein (FL)-labelled probe in DNA:RNA hybrid sequences, and applied this finding to a nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) method.Methods and Results: The present NASBA method employed a probe containing an FL-modified thymine at its 3' end and ethidium bromide (EtBr) on the basis of a combination of adenine-induced quenching and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the FL donor and EtBr acceptor. This NASBA was used to detect Shiga toxin (STX) stx-specific mRNA in STX-producing Escherichia coli, demonstrating rapid quantification of the target gene with high sensitivity.Conclusion: Although the inherent quenching effect of adenine was inferior to that of guanine, FRET between the FL and EtBr moieties enhanced the adenine-induced quenching, allowing rapid and sensitive real-time NASBA detection.Significance and Impact of the Study: This study gives a novel real-time diagnostic system based on NASBA for a sensitive mRNA (or viral RNA) detection. © 2010 The Authors. Journal of Applied Microbiology © 2010 The Society for Applied Microbiology. Source

Kouguchi Y.,Fukuyama City Public Health Center | Yamaji M.,Fukuyama City Public Health Center | Kuramoto M.,Fukuyama City Public Health Center | Shimatani M.,Fukuyama City Public Health Center
Analytical Biochemistry | Year: 2011

We have developed a novel hybridization detection system using a universal probe based on the formation of a four-way junction (4WJ) structure. This methodology employs a combination of two sequence-specific probes and a universal quenching probe, and the same universal probe can be used for any target gene, allowing cost-effective assays. This 4WJ detection is ideal for extensive parallel identification of nucleic acids such as in multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) systems. Compared with gel electrophoresis, this detection procedure is not only sensitive and rapid but also free of hazardous chemicals such as ethidium bromide. In addition, the 4WJ hybridization technology is more specific as an identifier than the size of a band on an agarose gel. We used a model multiplex PCR method that detected eight different virulence genes in Escherichia coli isolates, demonstrating that our 4WJ detection system is rapid, sensitive, and specific. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

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