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Fukuda A.,CyberKnife Center | Sudou S.,CyberKnife Center | Kitahara I.,Fukushima Takanori Memorial Hospital | Komatsu D.,Showa University | And 3 more authors.
Neurological Surgery

This is a report on the experience of using stereotactic radiotherapy for a large symptomatic metastatic skull tumor. The stereotactic radiotherapy was delivered in 7 fractions using the Cyberknife and produced excellent therapeutic results. This case concerns a 75-year-old female. Nineteen months after uterine cancer surgery, the patient demonstrated metastasis to the mediastinum lymph node and a tumor at the parietal - bone tumor but was still undergoing observation. An increase of the parietal bone tumor became evident and the appearance of right hemiplegia, aphasia, and cognitive dysfunction caused her to consult this hospital. We observed a large 236 cm3 tumor spread over the subcutaneous tissue of the superior sagittal sinus, pressing the brain out of the dura mater and causing bone destruction. As a result of our findings, we began stereotactic Cyberknife radiotherapy delivered in 7 fractions. At the follow up visit one month after the treatment, the image of the tumor had already decreased, and after three months it was confirmed that the image of the tumor had disappeared. The patient's symptoms ameliorated rapidly. As a result, the patient has returned to an independent home-lifestyle, with amelioration of her quality-of-life defects. Six months after irradiation, there is no evidence of tumor regrowth or complications such as dermatopathy, cerebral edema, or necrosis. Cyberknife radiotherapy could shorten the treatment period and result in a reduction of the amount of irradiation to unaffected parts of the brain. In this case, though the tumor had spread widely in the subcutaneous tissue, the exposure doses were delivered at 2Gy/time and could be limited to under 70Gy. It is thought that Cyberknife radiotherapy will become one of the key treatments to help improve quality of life when treating symptomatic metastatic tumors. Source

Uno T.,Chiba University | Isobe K.,Chiba University | Ueno N.,Chiba University | Fukuda A.,Fukushima Takanori Memorial Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Radiation Research

The objective of this retrospective study was to report initial results of CyberKnife stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) boost for tumors in the head and neck area. Between March 2008 and August 2009, 10 patients were treated with SRT boost using CyberKnife system due mainly to unfavorable condition such as tumors in close proximity to serial organs or former radiotherapy fields. Treatment sites were the external auditory canal in two, the nasopharynx in one, the oropharynx in three, the nasal cavity in one, the maxillary sinus in two, and the oligometastatic cervical lymph node in one. All patients underwent preceding conventional radiotherapy of 40 to 60 Gy. Dose and fractionation scheme of the Cyberknife SRT boost was individualized, and prescribed dose ranged from 9 Gy to 16 Gy in 3 to 4 fractions. Among four patients for whom dose to the optic pathway was concerned, the maximum dose was only about 3 Gy for three patients whereas 9.6 Gy in the remaining one patient. The maximum dose for the mandible in one of three patients with oropharyngeal cancer was 19.7 Gy, whereas majority of the bone can be spared by using non-isocentric conformal beams. For a patient with nasopharyngeal cancer, the highest dose in the brain stem was 15 Gy. However, majority of the brain stem received less than 40% of the maximum dose. Although a small volume high dose area within the normal structure could be observed in several patients, results of the present study showed potential benefits of the CyberKnife SRT boost. Source

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