Entity

Time filter

Source Type


Iguchi K.,Japan National Research Institute of Fisheries And Environment of Inland Sea | Iguchi K.,Nagasaki University | Fujimoto K.,Japan National Research Institute of Fisheries Science | Kaeriyama H.,Japan National Research Institute of Fisheries Science | And 4 more authors.
Fisheries Science | Year: 2013

The Fukushima nuclear accident led to deposition of radionuclides into the freshwater fishery ground of ayu Plecoglossus altivelis. For the purpose of more comprehensive understanding of the radioactive contamination, cesium-137 (137Cs) was analyzed in running water, muddy sediment, attached algae, and ayu using samples from three river systems with different levels of contamination within Fukushima Prefecture in summer and autumn 2011. The amount of 137Cs contained in water as well as in sediment declined over an interval of two months, although the concentration in sediment samples was up to 10,000-fold higher than that in water samples. The changes in 137Cs concentration of algae showed different courses among the three river systems, the concentration being greater in autumn in the river systems with high and moderate radioactive contamination. 137Cs detected within a single stock of ayu appeared to be excreted rather rapidly with a calculated half-life of approximately 39 days, while the concentration ratio ranged from 103 to 104 l/kg, attaining higher levels than previously reported. These findings indicate that the most important pathway of 137Cs into ayu is via intake of algae as food but that the retention time of 137Cs inside ayu is relatively short. © 2013 The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science. Source


Tsuboi J.-I.,Japan National Research Institute of Fisheries And Environment of Inland Sea | Abe S.-I.,Japan National Research Institute of Fisheries And Environment of Inland Sea | Fujimoto K.,Japan National Research Institute of Fisheries Science | Kaeriyama H.,Japan National Research Institute of Fisheries Science | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity | Year: 2015

Ayu Plecoglossus altivelis, a herbivorous fish, is an important fishery resource and key component of the foodweb in many Japanese streams. Radionuclide contamination of this species is likely transferred to higher trophic levels, include humans, in the food chain. After the Fukushima accident in March 2011, ayu were exposed to highly contaminated silt while feeding on algae attached to the riverbed stones. To understand the route by which herbivorous fish are exposed to radionuclides, the activity concentrations of sum of 134Cs and 137Cs (radiocesium) were analyzed in riverbed samples (algae and silt) and in the internal organs and the muscle of ayu in five river systems in the Fukushima Prefecture between summer 2011 and autumn 2013. Although there was a positive correlation between the radiocesium activity concentrations in the muscle and the internal organs of ayu, the median activity concentration in the muscle was much lower than those in the internal organs. The activity concentrations of radiocesium in the riverbed samples and the internal organs and the muscle of ayu were correlated with contamination levels in soil samples taken from the watershed upstream of the sample sites. The results of the generalized linear mixed models suggest that the activity concentrations in both the internal organs and the muscle of ayu declined over time. Additionally, the activity concentrations in the internal organs were correlated with those in the riverbed samples that were collected around the same time as the ayu. The activity concentrations in the muscle were correlated with ayu body size. Our results suggest that ayu ingest 134Cs and 137Cs while grazing silt and algae from the riverbed, and a part of the 134Cs and 137Cs is assimilated into the muscle of the fish. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Discover hidden collaborations