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Fukushima-shi, Japan

Fukushima Medical University is a public university, located in the city of Fukushima, Japan. Wikipedia.

Aluminum-induced copper-catalyzed coupling of aryl iodides with selenium or sulfur element could afford the corresponding diaryl selenides or sulfides in good yields. When magnesium chloride as an additive was employed, diaryl monoselenides and monosulfides were selectively obtained. On the contrary, the use of sodium carbonate produced diaryl diselenides and disulfides. The preparation of diaryl diselenides was necessary for magnesium as a reductant. Regrettably, tellurium was very low reactivity. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Nakayama M.,Fukushima Medical University
Peritoneal Dialysis International | Year: 2013

Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) type II is a serious condition in which chronic cardiac abnormalities cause worsening kidney function, leading to permanent chronic kidney damage. Management of CRS type II coupled with diuretic-resistant congestive heart failure (CHF) has been an issue of dispute. However, since the early 1990s, reports indicating the clinical usefulness of peritoneal dialysis (PD) as maintenance therapy for intractable CHF in this population have been accumulating. The present manuscript reviews the mechanisms by which kidney dysfunction develops within CHF, and then examines recent experiences of PD as chronic supportive therapy for intractable CRS type II, reviews the contributing mechanisms, and discusses the rationale for using PD as a new therapeutic approach in the nonuremic setting of CHF. © 2013 International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis. © 2013 International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis.

The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant occurred after the Great East Japan Earthquake on 11 March 2011, releasing a large amount of radioactive materials into the atmosphere. Questions were raised regarding the health effects of radiation exposure, which led to increased anxiety among the Fukushima residents about the possible development of thyroid cancer. Thus, thyroid ultrasound examinations began for those who were from the areas where the radiation doses were highest, and will continue for the long term. In total, 300 476 subjects aged 18 years or younger at the time of the disaster were screened from 9 October 2011 to 31 March 2014. The participation rate was 81.7% of the total population of this age and in the affected area. Among them, the proportions of those who fell into the categories A1 (no nodules or cysts present), A2 (nodule ≤ 5 mm or cyst ≤ 20 mm diameter), B (nodule > 5 mm or cyst > 20 mm diameter) and C (immediate need for further investigation) were 51.5, 47.8, 0.8 and 0%, respectively; 2294 subjects in categories B and C were recommended to undergo a confirmatory examination; 113 were subsequently diagnosed with malignancy or suspected malignancy by fine needle aspiration cytology. The full-scale survey (second round survey) began in April 2014, and was completed by 30 June 2015, and comprised 169 455 subjects (participation rate; 44.7%). The proportions of those who fell into the categories A1, A2, B and C were 41.6, 57.6, 0.8 and 0% (no case), respectively; 1223 subjects in category B were recommended to undergo a confirmatory examination, 25 of these were subsequently diagnosed with malignancy or suspected malignancy by fine needle aspiration cytology. The thyroid cancers identified in this survey so far are unlikely to be due to radiation exposure, and are more likely to be the result of screening using highly sophisticated ultrasound techniques. However, it would be advisable to continue long-term screening to determine whether the risk of childhood and adolescent thyroid cancer due to radiation exposure increases or not. © 2016 The Royal College of Radiologists.

Alkenyl sulfones can be stereoselectively synthesized from alkenes or alkynes using sodium sulfinates. The reaction can be performed by a copper-catalyzed oxidation of sodium sulfinates in air. The reaction of alkenes gives (E)-alkenyl sulfones via anti addition of sulfonyl cation and elimination process. Furthermore, the employment of alkynes produces (E) β- haloalkenyl sulfones in the presence of potassium halides. © Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York.

Taniguchi N.,Fukushima Medical University
Synlett | Year: 2012

Copper-catalyzed hydrosulfonylations of alkynes can be carried out using sodium sulfinates in air. The procedure affords syn-selectively (E)-alkenyl sulfones in good yields. Then, both terminal and internal alkynes are available. © Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York.

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