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Shibata Y.,Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute | Yamada M.,Fukushima Fisheries Experiment Station | Wada T.,Fukushima Fisheries Experiment Station | Itou M.,Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute | And 5 more authors.
Marine and Coastal Fisheries | Year: 2015

Although the number of marine protected areas (MPAs) for stock management has increased, movements or differences in population structure of a target species between an MPA and surrounding fishing areas have rarely been considered in stock biomass estimations. We developed a surplus production model considering seasonal movements between two areas; the model was applied to Sea Ravens Hemitripterus villosus off Fukushima, where almost all fishing has been prohibited since the 2011 accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. We predicted future biomass by using CPUE data from coastal gill-net fishing and offshore bottom trawl fishing in 2000 to 2009. The model reflected the seasonal coastal–offshore movements of Sea Ravens well, and it predicted increasing Sea Raven biomass in both areas, which was validated by the CPUEs observed after 2010—including those for trial bottom trawl fishing that occurred within limited offshore areas after the accident. Our results indicate that the newly developed model incorporating seasonal movements of Sea Ravens is feasible and that the waters off Fukushima have effectively been serving as an MPA since the nuclear accident. We also demonstrated the model’s applicability for estimating the optimal fishing effort and designing a newMPA for stockmanagement that considers seasonal movements. © Yasutoki Shibata, Manabu Yamada, Toshihiro Wada, Masaki Itou, Harumi Yamada, Tadahiro Sohtome, Takashi Iwasaki, Tooru Sakuma, and Takuji Mizuno.

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