Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental

Fukuoka, Japan

Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental

Fukuoka, Japan
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Itoh H.,Kyushu University | Narazaki Y.,Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics | Year: 2016

By using high concentrations of 7Be as an indicator, we clarify fast descent routes from within or near the stratosphere to Earth's surface, with the study site being in Fukuoka, Japan. Most routes arise from high latitudes through the following processes. First, the descent associated with a tropopause fold occurs, followed by southward movement with slow descent at the rear side of a strong trough. Because this motion occurs along an isentropic surface, the descending air parcels nearly conserve the potential temperature. As an extension, a strong descent associated with a sharp drop in the isentropic-surface height occurs at the southern edge of the trough; this transports air parcels to low altitudes. This process involves irreversible phenomena such as filamentation and cutoff of potential vorticity. Finally, upon meeting appropriate near-surface disturbances, parcels at low altitudes are transported to Earth's surface.In some cases, parcels descend within midlatitudes. In such routes, because the potential temperature is much higher at high altitudes than at low altitudes, descent with conservation of the potential temperature is impossible, and the potential temperature decreases along the trajectories through mixing.The prevalence of the high-latitude route is explained as follows. In the midlatitude route, because parcels at high and relatively low altitudes mix, the high concentrations of 7Be included in high-altitude parcels are difficult to maintain. Therefore, for parcels to arrive at low altitudes in the midlatitude while maintaining high concentrations of 7Be, i.e., conserving the potential temperature, their area of origin should be high altitudes in high latitudes where the potential temperature is almost the same as that in the arrival area. In spring, tropopause folds are frequent in high latitudes, disturbances in the southward transport of parcels are strong, and disturbances occur by which parcels descend to the surface. Therefore, high concentrations of 7Be occur most frequently in spring. © Author(s) 2016.

Onozuka D.,Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental | Hashizume M.,Nagasaki University | Hagihara A.,Kyushu University
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2010

Although multiple combinations of weather variability may contribute to an increased incidence of infectious gastrointestinal disease, few studies have investigated the association between weather variability and cases of infectious gastroenteritis. We acquired data for infectious gastroenteritis cases and weather variability in Fukuoka, Japan, from 1999 to 2007 and used time-series analysis to assess the effects of weather variability on infectious gastroenteritis cases, adjusting for confounding factors. In total, 422 176 infectious gastroenteritis cases were reported during the 9-year study period. The weekly number of infectious gastroenteritis cases increased by 77% (95% CI 46-108) for every 1C increase in the average temperature and by 23% (95% CI 14-31) for every 1% decrease in relative humidity. From 1999 to 2007, infectious gastroenteritis cases increased significantly with increased average temperature and decreased relative humidity in Fukuoka, Japan. © 2009 Cambridge University Press.

Onikura N.,Kyushu University | Nakajima J.,Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental
Journal of Applied Ichthyology | Year: 2013

In Japan, Pseudorasbora parva has not been negatively affected by artificial changes in its habitat. Ecological traits of the species may explain this easy adaptation to artificial habitats. An ecological investigation of P. parva inhabiting irrigation ditches was conducted monthly for approximately two years on northwestern Kyushu Island, Japan. Measurements of 1927 individuals revealed two size classes, maturation age (1 year), and lifespan (1-2 years). Results of this study and previous studies show that the species exhibits life history plasticity. In addition, habitat use of ditches indicates that abundances correlated positively with water temperature and negatively with current velocity in the crop-growing season, and positively with water depth and negatively with current velocity in the fallow season. Structural factors such as ditch revetment conditions and aquatic macrophyte cover were unimportant for this species. The study shows that the gudgeon adapts to artificial ditches easily and successfully because of both life history plasticity and wide-scale use of the habitat. © 2012 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

Onozuka D.,Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental | Hashizume M.,Nagasaki University
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2011

Investigations of the relationship between weather variability and infectious gastroenteritis (IG) are becoming increasingly important in light of international interest in the potential health effects of climate change. However, few studies have examined the impact on children, despite the fact that children are considered particularly vulnerable to climate change. We acquired data about cases of IG in children aged <15 years and about weather variability in Fukuoka, Japan from 2000 to 2008 and used time-series analyses to assess how weather variability affected IG cases, adjusting for confounding factors. The temperature-IG relationship had an inverted V shape, with fewer cases at temperatures lower and higher than ∼13°C. Every 1°C increase in temperature below the threshold (13°C) was associated with a 23·2% [95% confidence interval (CI) 16·6-30·2] increase, while every 1°C increase in temperature above the threshold (13°C) was associated with an 11·8% (95% CI 6·6-17·3) decrease in incidence. The increase in cases per 1% drop in relative humidity was 3·9% (95% CI 2·8-5·0). The percentage increase of IG cases was greatest in the 0-4 years age group and tended to decrease with increasing age. We found a progressive reduction in weather-related IG cases in children aged >4 years. Our results suggest that public health interventions aimed at controlling weather-related IG may be most effective when focused on young children. © Copyright Cambridge University Press 2010.

Onozuka D.,Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental
Scientific Reports | Year: 2014

Local weather factors are widely considered to influence the transmission of infectious gastroenteritis. Few studies, however, have examined the non-stationary relationships between global climatic factors and transmission of infectious gastroenteritis. We analyzed monthly data for cases of infectious gastroenteritis in Fukuoka, Japan from 2000 to 2012 using cross-wavelet coherency analysis to assess the pattern of associations between indices for the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) and El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Infectious gastroenteritis cases were non-stationary and significantly associated with the IOD and ENSO (Multivariate ENSO Index [MEI], Niño 1 + 2, Niño 3, Niño 4, and Niño 3.4) for a period of approximately 1 to 2 years. This association was non-stationary and appeared to have a major influence on the synchrony of infectious gastroenteritis transmission. Our results suggest that non-stationary patterns of association between global climate factors and incidence of infectious gastroenteritis should be considered when developing early warning systems for epidemics of infectious gastroenteritis.

Kajiwara J.,Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental
Fukuoka igaku zasshi = Hukuoka acta medica | Year: 2011

In 1968, the contamination of cooking oil by heat-degraded polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) caused a case of mass poisoning, the so-called Yusho incident. The cause of Yusho disease is thought to be ingested toxic substances, including not only PCBs but polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDFs) in Kanemi rice oil. Extensive studies have been performed since 1995 by the Yusho study group involving follow-up surveys of human blood concentrations of the casual compounds in Yusho patients as well as clinical trials of the acceleration of the excretion of these compounds in Yusho patients. We have previously measured dioxin concentrations in the blood of 649 Yusho patients in annual medical examinations from 2001 to 2009. We determined that the concentrations of 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF 1,2,3,4,7,8-HxCDF 1,2,3,6,7,8-HxCDF, and 3,3',4,4',5,5'-HxCB (#169) in the blood of Yusho patients were more than twice as high levels to as those of normal controls. In this study, we compared the concentrations of 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF, 1,2,3,4,7,8-HxCDF, 1,2,3,6,7,8-HxCDF, and 3,3',4,4',5,5'-HxCB (#169) in the blood of male Yusho patients with those of female Yusho patients. As a result, it was found that the mean concentrations of 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF 1,2,3,4, 7,8-HxCDF 1,2,3,6,7,8-HxCDF, and 3,3',4,4',5,5'-HxCB (#169) in female Yusho patients were 2.9, 3.7, 2.4, and 1.3 times higher, respectively, than those of male Yusho patients.

Onozuka D.,Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2015

The incidence of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has been reported to exhibit seasonal variation. However, the impact of diurnal temperature range (DTR) on RSV has not been investigated. After acquiring data related to cases of RSV and weather parameters of DTR in Fukuoka, Japan, between 2006 and 2012, we used negative binomial generalized linear models and distributed lag nonlinear models to assess the possible relationship between DTR and RSV cases, adjusting for confounding factors. Our analysis revealed that the weekly number of RSV cases increased with a relative risk of 3·30 (95% confidence interval 1·65-6·60) for every 1°C increase in DTR. Our study provides quantitative evidence that the number of RSV cases increased significantly with increasing DTR. We suggest that preventive measures for limiting the spread of RSV should be considered during extended periods of high DTR. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2014.

Tobiishi K.,Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental
Fukuoka igaku zasshi = Hukuoka acta medica | Year: 2011

Hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs) are formed as major metabolites of PCBs by cytochrome P450 enzyme-mediated oxidation. It has been reported that their total concentration in serum samples of Yusho patients ranged from 390 to 1300 pg/g. We developed a measurement method for OH-PCBs in blood samples by LC/MS/MS. This method is effective at determining the concentrations of PCDDs, PCDFs, Co-PCBs and OH-PCBs from the same sample without special treatment of the sample. The concentration of OH-PCBs in the blood of Yusho patients was examined using this method. The major OH-PCB metabolites were 4-OH-CB187 (54-906 pg/g-wet), 4-OH-CB146 + 3-OH-CB153 (32-527 pg/g-wet), 4-OH-CB109 (ND-229 pg/g-wet) and 4'-OH-CB172 (ND-143 pg/g-wet). The total OH-PCBs ranged from 95 to 1740 pg/g-wet.

Nakajima J.,Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental
Zootaxa | Year: 2012

Three new species and six new subspecies of the genus Cobitis from the western part of the Japanese archipelago are described: Cobitis kaibarai sp. nov., Cobitis magnostriata sp. nov., Cobitis minamorii sp. nov., Cobitis striata fuchigamii subsp. nov., Cobitis striata hakataensis subsp. nov., Cobitis minamorii oumiensis subsp. nov., Cobitis minamorii tokaiensis subsp. nov., Cobitis minamorii saninensis subsp. nov., and Cobitis minamorii yodoensis subsp. nov. Cobitis striata Ikeda, 1936 was redescribed on the basis of specimens collected from the type locality. The four striated spined loaches, C. striata, C. kaibarai, C. magnostriata, and C. minamorii were clearly distinguished by the pelvic myotome number, shape of the lamina circularis, black spots at the caudal base, body shape, and egg diameter. Although these subspecies of C. striata and C. minamorii are remarkably alike in morphology, the adult males of the subspecies had different longitudinal patterns of pigmentation during the non-spawning season. Copyright © 2001-2012 Magnolia Press.

Moriyama S.,Kyushu University | Moriyama S.,Fukuoka Institute of Health Environmental | Sasaki K.,Kyushu University | Hirajima T.,Kyushu University
Chemosphere | Year: 2014

Bimetallic oxides were synthesized from hydrotalcite using increasing calcination temperatures (873, 1073, 1273K). These bimetallic oxides were fully characterized and the sorption density of F- was investigated. X-ray diffraction patterns for the produced bimetallic oxides showed that MgO was the primary phase within the range of investigated calcination temperatures, but MgO crystallinity increased with calcination temperature and an additional MgAl2O4 phase was formed. In the process of F- sorption, the bimetallic oxides were primarily transformed into hydrotalcite with intercalation of F-.The Higher calcination temperature increased the MgAl2O4 phase, which did not contribute to the immobilization of F-. These findings show that optimizing the calcination temperature can be used to maximize the sorption density of this material for F- removal. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

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