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Maeda H.,National Hospital Organization Toneyama Hospital | Matsumura A.,Kinki chuo Chest Medical Center | Kawabata T.,NHO Okinawa Hospital | Suito T.,NHO Ibaraki Higashi Hospital | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2012

OBJECTIVES: An adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) of the lung is a relatively rare tumor. In this multi-institutional cohort study, we tested the hypothesis that an ASC exhibits more aggressive clinical behavior as compared to adenocarcinoma (AC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SC). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used a prospective database produced by the Japan National Hospital Organization Study Group for Lung Cancer over a 7-year period (operations from 1997 to 2003, follow-up data until March 2010). During that period, 4668 cases underwent an operation for various types of primary malignant lung tumors. When a sample from a tumor comprised at least 20% each of SC and AC, the case was classified as ASC. Pathologic staging was done according to the seventh edition of the International Union against Cancer (UICC) Tumor Node Matastasis (TNM) classification of malignant tumors. RESULTS: We identified 114 patients with ASC (2.4%), 2993 withAC (64.2%), and 1369 with SC (29.3%). Kaplan-Meier survival curves for all stage cases, p-stage IA, IB, and IIIA tumors indicated that ASC cases had the least favorable survival. The 5-year survival rates for all stage cases were 23.3% for ASC, 58.0% for AC (p < 0.0001), and 40.8% for SC (p < 0.0001). The 5-year survival rates for p-stage IA were 42.0%for ASC, 81.8% for AC (p = 0.0005), and 63.4% for SC not significant (NS), while those for p-stage IB were 19.3%, 65.3% (p = 0.0024), and 46.8% (NS), respectively, and those for p-stage IIIA were 17.8%, 24.8% (p = 0.0154), and 18.8% (NS), respectively. There was a tendency for greater survival differences between ASC and AC in earlier tumor stages. A step-wise multivariable model demonstrated that sex, age, performance status, histology, tumor size, p-stage, operative method,and neoadjuvant/adjuvant therapy were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: ASC of the lung is more aggressive than AC and SC. The decreased survival of patients with ASC as compared with either of those single histology tumors suggests the need for a clinical trial of adjuvant chemotherapy that includes early-stage patients. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved. Source

Obuchi T.,St Marys Hospital | Okabayashi K.,Fukuoka Higashi Medical Center | Imakiire T.,Imakiire General Hospital | Yoneda S.,Imakiire General Hospital | Iwasaki A.,Fukuoka University
Surgery Today | Year: 2014

Purpose: There are very few reports regarding the outcome of lung cancer surgery in patients with schizophrenia, and the clinical features of such patients are still unclear. Methods: From 2004 to 2012, 11 lung cancer patients (six male, five female; mean age, 62.7 years) with schizophrenia underwent lung resections at our institutions. All patients had been institutionalized because they were unable to live independently at home. We retrospectively evaluated their postoperative clinical outcomes and long-term results. Results: Ten of the 11 patients had comorbidities, such as diabetes mellitus and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Preoperatively, two patients had a history of treatment for other primary cancers in other organs, and one was on hemodialysis. A lobectomy was performed in nine patients, a segmentectomy in one, and a partial resection in one. There were no hospital deaths. The postoperative morbidity included two cases of pneumonia, one of atelectasis, and one of prolonged air leakage lasting more than 7 days. Wandering was postoperatively observed in two patients; one of these fell and fractured the left femur. At the time of our investigation, two patients were deceased, and the overall 5-year survival rate was 74.1 %. Conclusions: The postoperative morbidity and long-term results of schizophrenic patients with lung cancer were acceptable. Therefore, even in patients with schizophrenia, surgical treatment for lung cancer should be recommended when deemed to be necessary. © 2013 Springer. Source

Egashira A.,Fukuoka Higashi Medical Center
Fukuoka igaku zasshi = Hukuoka acta medica | Year: 2011

Colorectal perforation is a life-threatening disease with high mortality and morbidity. The correct and prompt diagnosis and accurate judgment of severity are necessary. We retrospectively investigated 30 patients with colorectal perforation to assess predictors of mortality and severity, and evaluated the usefulness of computed tomography (CT) for the initial diagnosis. The severity of peritonitis was assessed using clinical factors and Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) scores. Abdominal free air was detected by CT in 92% of patients with colorectal perforation, whereas only 36.6% showed evidence of abdominal free air by conventional radiography. The perforation site was correctly diagnosed in 14 of 25 cases (56%). Overall mortality was 16.7%. Survivors were younger than nonsurvivors, and POSSUM physiological and mortality scores were significantly lower for survivors compared with nonsurvivors. The amount of intraperitoneal soiling by large bowel content determined disease severity in terms of the need for postoperative respiratory management. In conclusion, CT is necessary for precise diagnosis, and the POSSUM score is helpful for the evaluation of disease mortality and severity. Source

Ninomiya M.,Oita Prefectural Hospital | Ninomiya M.,Fukuoka Higashi Medical Center | Ikeda T.,Oita Prefectural Hospital
Journal of Medical Case Reports | Year: 2010

Introduction. Postresectional liver failure (PLF) is a devastating and fatal complication of major hepatic resection, and we do not have a full understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms involved. No reliable treatment other than liver transplantation currently exists for PLF. Case presentation. A 46-year-old Japanese man experienced PLF after an extended right hepatectomy for liver malignancy. Seven months after surgery, the patient's Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score had reached 23. Doppler ultrasound study and three-dimensional computed tomography images showed a stenosed left hepatic vein compressed by surrounding hypertrophied hepatic parenchyma. Transluminal balloon angioplasty and stent placement therapy were conducted eight months after surgery. The pressure gradient between the hepatic vein and right atrium decreased from 13 to 3 mmHg after stent placement. Thereafter, the patient recovered. Conclusion. Hepatic venous compression by surrounding hypertrophied hepatic parenchyma might, at least in part, be associated with the occurrence of PLF. Surgeons should bear this possibility in mind when confronted with cases of PLF, as early diagnosis and stent placement improves patients' chances of recovery. © 2010 Ninomiya and Ikeda; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Kobayashi T.,Gunma University | Saji T.,Toho University | Otani T.,National Center for Child Health and Development | Takeuchi K.,Saitama University | And 18 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2012

Background Evidence indicates that corticosteroid therapy might be beneficial for the primary treatment of severe Kawasaki disease. We assessed whether addition of prednisolone to intravenous immunoglobulin with aspirin would reduce the incidence of coronary artery abnormalities in patients with severe Kawasaki disease. Methods We did a multicentre, prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded-endpoints trial at 74 hospitals in Japan between Sept 29, 2008, and Dec 2, 2010. Patients with severe Kawasaki disease were randomly assigned by a minimisation method to receive either intravenous immunoglobulin (2 g/kg for 24 h and aspirin 30 mg/kg per day) or intravenous immunoglobulin plus prednisolone (the same intravenous immunoglobulin regimen as the intravenous immunoglobulin group plus prednisolone 2 mg/kg per day given over 15 days after concentrations of C-reactive protein normalised). Patients and treating physicians were unmasked to group allocation. The primary endpoint was incidence of coronary artery abnormalities during the study period. Analysis was by intention to treat. This trial is registered with the University Hospital Medical Information Network clinical trials registry, number UMIN000000940. Findings We randomly assigned 125 patients to the intravenous immunoglobulin plus prednisolone group and 123 to the intravenous immunoglobulin group. Incidence of coronary artery abnormalities was significantly lower in the intravenous immunoglobulin plus prednisolone group than in the intravenous immunoglobulin group during the study period (four patients [3%] vs 28 patients [23%]; risk difference 0 20, 95% CI 0 12-0 28, p<0 0001). Serious adverse events were similar between both groups: two patients had high total cholesterol and one neutropenia in the intravenous immunoglobulin plus prednisolone group, and one had high total cholesterol and another non-occlusive thrombus in the intravenous immunoglobulin group. Interpretation Addition of prednisolone to the standard regimen of intravenous immunoglobulin improves coronary artery outcomes in patients with severe Kawasaki disease in Japan. Further study of intensified primary treatment for this disease in a mixed ethnic population is warranted. Funding Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Source

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