Time filter

Source Type

Tsukubamirai, Japan

Ito K.,University of Shizuoka | Hikida A.,University of Shizuoka | Kitagawa S.,Fujioil Co. | Misaka T.,Tokyo University of Science | And 2 more authors.
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry | Year: 2012

In this study, the production of eight G proteincoupled receptors by Saccharomyces cerevisiae was compared using two types of media, one of which contained soy peptides and the other free amino acids. Yeast cell growth improved in the medium with soy peptides, and the expression levels of six of the receptors increased during the exponential phase by an average of 2.3-fold as against the free amino acid-based medium. The enhancement of protein expression by soy peptides can be explained by alleviation of metabolite stress due to amino acid source depletion caused by heterologous protein expression. Source

Ibuki M.,Fujioil Co. | Kovacs-Nolan J.,University of Guelph | Fukui K.,Fujioil Co. | Kanatani H.,Tsukuba Center Inc. | Mine Y.,University of Guelph
Poultry Science | Year: 2010

β-1,4-Mannobiose (MNB) supplementation has been shown to prevent Salmonella Enteritidis infection in broilers by improving Salmonella Enteritidis clearance and increasing IgA production. This study examined in detail the gut immunomodulatory activity of MNB using microarray and real-time quantitative PCR analysis. One-day-old chicks were orally administered 0.1% (wt/wt) MNB 3 times a week for 28 d. Control birds received vehicle alone. Body weights and fecal IgA levels were monitored weekly. On d 28, spleen and bursa of Fabricius were removed and weights were recorded; samples of ileum, jejunum, cecum, spleen, thymus, and bursa of Fabricius were collected for histological examination; and ileum samples were collected for RNA extraction. No significant difference in BW or organ weights was observed between MNB-treated and untreated control birds, and no histological abnormalities were observed in any of the tissues examined. The MNB-treated chickens had significantly higher levels of fecal IgA over all 4 wk when compared with control birds. Microarray and reverse transcription PCR analysis revealed the upregulation of several genes involved in immune responses, including those involved in antigen recognition, processing and presentation (MHC class I and II), interferon-related genes, and genes involved in host defense. These results provide insight into the mechanism of action of dietary MNB in the intestine and confirm that MNB acts as a potent immune-modulating agent, exerting combined effects on the intestinal immune system. © 2010 Poultry Science Association Inc. Source

Hikida A.,University of Shizuoka | Ito K.,University of Shizuoka | Ito K.,Fujioil Co. | Motoyama T.,Fujioil Co. | And 2 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2013

The inhibition of human dipeptidyl peptidase IV/CD26 (hDPPIV) is an accepted treatment for type 2 diabetes. In this study, an extracellular production system of hDPPIV using Saccharomyces cerevisiae was established to facilitate the screening of hDPPIV inhibitors. As dipeptides that mimic the hDPPIV substrate are candidate inhibitors of this protein, X-Ala or X-Pro dipeptides (in which X represents any amino acid) were tested systematically. Based on the results obtained in the first screening, a second screening was performed for Trp-X dipeptides. To elucidate the manner via which the physicochemical features at the P1 and P2 positions contributed to the hDPPIV inhibitory effect, correlations between the inhibitory activity of dipeptides and 13 amino acid indices were analyzed. The most effective inhibitory dipeptide was Trp-Pro (Ki=0.04mM). The mode of inhibition of hDPPIV by dipeptides was explained well by some amino acid indices and by the structure of the substrate-binding site of hDPPIV. The information obtained from the systematic analysis of a dipeptide library provides important clues for the development of hDPPIV targeting drugs and functional foods for type 2 diabetes. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

Ibuki M.,Fujioil Co. | Fukui K.,Fujioil Co. | Yamauchi K.,Kagawa University
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition | Year: 2014

We investigated mannanase-hydrolysed copra meal (MCM), which contains β-1,4-mannobiose (MNB), for its capacity to improve growth performance and activate intestinal villus function. Seven-day-old chicks were separated into four flocks with an equal mean body weight and then fed a basal diet (control) or a diet supplemented with 0.02% or 0.1% MCM. After 7 weeks, the feed intake and body weight were determined and then used to calculate the feed efficiency (FE). Moreover, the intestinal segments were examined by light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for cellular and morphological changes in the villus. Although feed intake was not significantly different among the experimental groups, the body weight gain and FE were significantly higher in the 0.1% MCM group than in the control group (p < 0.05), while feed intake tended to be higher in the 0.02% and 0.1% MCM groups. The cellular area of the ileum was significantly higher in the 0.02% and 0.1% groups in relation to that in the control group (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the cellular area of the duodenum and the jejunum tended to be higher in the 0.02% and 0.1% MCM groups. For the correlation analysis, a significant correlation was observed between the dosage of MCM and the cell area of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum. Moreover, the number of mitotic cells was higher in the 0.1% MCM group. As shown by SEM, the cells at the villi tips were protuberant in appearance in the 0.02% and 0.1% MCM treatments when compared with the relatively flat cells of the control. On the duodenal villus surface of the 0.1% MCM group, some cells devoid of microvilli were observed, suggesting that the increased protuberance of these cells represents increased absorption activity. Although intestinal villus height and area did not significantly differ among groups, the levels of these parameters tended to increase in the experimental groups relative to the control. The present morphological findings reveal that MNB might be effective for activating intestinal absorptive function, and that the functional activation promotes the growth of the chickens. © 2013 Blackwell Verlag GmbH. Source

Kitagawa S.,Fujioil Co. | Kitagawa S.,University of Tsukuba | Sugiyama M.,Fujioil Co. | Motoyama T.,Fujioil Co. | Abe F.,Chuo University
Biotechnology Letters | Year: 2013

Purpose of work: To elucidate the mechanisms of high performance by soy peptides during yeast fermentation in low temperature stress conditions and to identify a type of soy peptide that is suitable for yeast fermentation at low temperatures during brewing. The growth of a tryptophan auxotrophic yeast strain in a medium containing soy peptide (SP) was compared with that in a medium containing an equivalent composition of free amino acid mixture. At low temperature (10 °C), the cells grew in the medium containing SP but not in the medium containing the free amino acid mixture. Free tyrosine and phenylalanine inhibited the uptake of free tryptophan at low temperatures whereas most of the tyrosine and phenylalanine were present as oligopeptides in SP. The cells could transport free tryptophan without being inhibited by free tyrosine and phenylalanine at low temperatures in the medium containing SPs. Soy peptide-AM that lacks free tyrosine and phenylalanine was more effective in promoting cell growth compared with a highly hydrolyzed version. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

Discover hidden collaborations