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He X.,Hubei University | He X.,Fujian Taiwan Joint Center for Ecological Control of Crop Pests | He X.,Key Laboratory of Biopesticide and Chemical Biology | Du X.,Hubei University | And 16 more authors.
Natural Product Research | Year: 2015

A furanone (1), (S)-methyl 2-(2-hydroxy-3,4-dimethyl-5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-2-yl)acetate, was isolated from the edible mushroom Grifola frondosa. Mass spectrometry and NMR analyses were used to elucidate the structure of this compound, and its absolute configuration was determined using circular dichroism spectroscopy. Compound 1 exhibited specific antifungal activity against the plant pathogens, Fusarium oxysporum, Gibberella zeae and Piricularia oryzae and the opportunistic human pathogen, Pseudallescheria boydii, resulting in minimum inhibitory concentration values of 2.5, 2.5, 1.25 and 0.15 μg/mL, respectively. In contrast, the furanone showed only weak activity towards Aspergillus spp., Candida albicans and several other fungal strains tested as well as no appreciable antibacterial activity. © 2015 Taylor & Francis

Huang T.,Fujian Agriculture and forestry University | Huang T.,Fujian Taiwan Joint Center for Ecological Control of Crop Pests | Yu X.,Fujian Agriculture and forestry University | Gelbic I.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | And 2 more authors.
Canadian Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2015

Gene expression profiles are important data to reveal the functions of genes putatively involved in crucial biological processes. RNA arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (RAP-PCR) and specifically primed reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were combined to screen differentially expressed genes following development of a commercial Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki strain 8010 (serotype 3a3b). Six differentially expressed transcripts (RAP1 to RAP6) were obtained. RAP1 encoded a putative triple helix repeat-containing collagen or an exosporium protein H related to spore pathogenicity. RAP2 was homologous to a ClpX protease and an ATP-dependent protease La (LonB), which likely acted as virulence factors. RAP3 was homologous to a beta subunit of propionyl-CoA carboxylase required for the development of Myxococcus xanthus. RAP4 had homology to a quinone oxidoreductase involved in electron transport and ATP formation. RAP5 showed significant homology to a uridine kinase that mediates phosphorylation of uridine and azauridine. RAP6 shared high sequence identity with 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate-hydroxymethyltransferase (also known as ketopantoate hydroxymethyltransferase or PanB) involved in the operation of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. The findings described here would help to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the differentiation process of B. thuringiensis and unravel novel pathogenic genes. © 2015, National Research Council of Canada. All rights reserved.

Wei X.,Fujian Agriculture and forestry University | Wei X.,Fujian Taiwan Joint Center for Ecological Control of Crop Pests | Wei X.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | Song X.,Fujian Agriculture and forestry University | And 22 more authors.
Canadian Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2016

The insect pathogenic fungus Aschersonia placenta is a highly effective pathogen of whiteflies and scale insects. However, few genetic tools are currently available for studying this organism. Here we report on the conditions for the production of transformable A. placenta protoplasts using an optimized protocol based on the response surface method (RSM). Critical parameters for protoplast production were modelled by using a Box- Behnken design (BBD) involving 3 levels of 3 variables that was subsequently tested to verify its ability to predict protoplast production (R2 = 0.9465). The optimized conditions resulted in the highest yield of protoplasts ((4.41 ± 0.02) × 107 cells/mL of culture, mean ± SE) when fungal cells were treated with 26.1 mg/mL of lywallzyme for 4 h of digestion, and subsequently allowed to recover for 64.6 h in 0.7 mol/L NaCl-Tris buffer. The latter was used as an osmotic stabilizer. The yield of protoplasts was approximately 10-fold higher than that of the nonoptimized conditions. Generated protoplasts were transformed with vector PbarGPE containing the bar gene as the selection marker. Transformation efficiency was 300 colonies/(µg DNA.107 protoplasts), and integration of the vector DNA was confirmed by PCR. The results show that rational design strategies (RSM and BBD methods) are useful to increase the production of fungal protoplasts for a variety of downstream applications. © 2016 Published by NRC Research Press.

Wei Y.,Fujian Academy of Agricultural science | Wei Y.,Fujian Taiwan Joint Center for Ecological Control of Crop Pests | Wei Y.,Incubator of National Key Laboratory of Crop Germplasm Innovation and Molecular Breeding Between Fujian and Ministry of science and Technology Key Laboratory of Germplasm Innovation and Molecular Breeding of Hybrid Rice for South China | Xu H.,Fujian Academy of Agricultural science | And 23 more authors.
Plant Molecular Biology | Year: 2015

Damaged proteins containing abnormal isoaspartyl (isoAsp) accumulate as seeds age and the abnormality is thought to undermine seed vigor. Protein-l-isoaspartyl methyltransferase (PIMT) is involved in isoAsp-containing protein repair. Two PIMT genes from rice (Oryza sativa L.), designated as OsPIMT1 and OsPIMT2, were isolated and investigated for their roles. The results indicated that OsPIMT2 was mainly present in green tissues, but OsPIMT1 largely accumulated in embryos. Confocal visualization of the transient expression of OsPIMTs showed that OsPIMT2 was localized in the chloroplast and nucleus, whereas OsPIMT1 was predominately found in the cytosol. Artificial aging results highlighted the sensitivity of the seeds of OsPIMT1 mutant line when subjected to accelerated aging. Overexpression of OsPIMT1 in transgenic seeds reduced the accumulation of isoAsp-containing protein in embryos, and increased embryo viability. The germination percentage of transgenic seeds overexpressing OsPIMT1 increased 9–15 % compared to the WT seeds after 21-day of artificial aging, whereas seeds from the OsPIMT1 RNAi lines overaccumulated isoAsp in embryos and experienced rapid loss of seed germinability. Taken together, these data strongly indicated that OsPIMT1-related seed longevity improvement is probably due to the repair of detrimental isoAsp-containing proteins that over accumulate in embryos when subjected to accelerated aging. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

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