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Li Z.,Fujian Normal University | Li Z.,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Li C.,Fujian Medical University | Li C.,Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Translational Cancer Medicine | And 9 more authors.
Laser Physics Letters | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of applying silver nano-particle based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) to discriminate different types of human thyroid tissues. SERS measurements were performed on three groups of tissue samples including thyroid cancers (n = 32), nodular goiters (n = 20) and normal thyroid tissues (n = 25). Tentative assignments of the measured tissue SERS spectra suggest interesting cancer specific biomolecular differences. The principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminate analysis (LDA) together with the leave-one-out, cross-validated technique yielded diagnostic sensitivities of 92%, 75% and 87.5%; and specificities of 82.6%, 89.4% and 84.4%, respectively, for differentiation among normal, nodular and malignant thyroid tissue samples. This work demonstrates that tissue SERS spectroscopy associated with multivariate analysis diagnostic algorithms has great potential for detection of thyroid cancer at the molecular level. © 2014 Astro Ltd.

Shi Y.,Fujian Medical University | Shi Y.,Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Translational Cancer Medicine | Huang A.,Fujian Medical University
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

Many patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develop lung metastasis and available treatments are limited. The anticancer drug sorafenib has opened a window of hope for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the effect of sorafenib is limited by drug resistance. MicroRNAs have been reported to play an important role in HCC, but the effect of sorafenib on microRNAs (miRNAs) and on lung metastasis is not clear. This report employed a high-throughput deep sequencing technique to detect the difference of miRNAs and immunohistochemical technique to detect the difference of protein in implanted primary tumors and in metastatic HCC tumors after treatment with sorafenib. Among the detected miRNAs, we identified rno-miR-122-3p and rmo-miR-122-5p that were downregulated and rno-miR-383-5p and rno-miR-34a-5p that were upregulated and one novel miRNAs is reported as downregulated here for the first time. Immunohistochemical analysis of known miRNAs identified CMYC protein expression as inhibited, MDM2 protein was expressed, and NM23 and GST protein were upregulated. A Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of novel miRNA found that the targeted genes were concentrated in pathways of metabolism, especially in cytochrome P450. These results indicate that these miRNAs are likely to be involved in the treatment response of lung metastases of HCC to sorafenib. They may be useful as biomarkers to predict the clinical treatment response of sorafenib. © 2015, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).

Chen G.,Fujian Medical University | Chen G.,Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Translational Cancer Medicine | Chen Y.,Fujian Medical University | Zheng X.,Fujian Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics | Year: 2013

In this work, we developed a SERS platform for quantitative detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in serum of patients with colorectal cancers. Anti-CEA-functionalized 4-mercaptobenzoic acid-labeled Au/Ag core-shell bimetallic nanoparticles were prepared first and then used to analyze CEA antigen solutions of different concentrations. A calibration curve was established in the range from 5 × 10-3 to 5 × 10 5 ng/mL. Finally, this new SERS probe was applied for quantitative detection of CEA in serum obtained from 26 colorectal cancer patients according to the calibration curve. The results were in good agreement with that obtained by electrochemical luminescence method, suggesting that SERS immunoassay has high sensitivity and specificity for CEA detection in serum. A detection limit of 5 pg/ml was achieved. This study demonstrated the feasibility and great potential for developing this new technology into a clinical tool for analysis of tumor markers in the blood. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Lin X.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | Lin X.,Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Translational Cancer Medicine | Zhao Y.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | Song W.-M.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | Zhang B.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal | Year: 2015

Gastric cancer, a highly heterogeneous disease, is the second leading cause of cancer death and the fourth most common cancer globally, with East Asia accounting for more than half of cases annually. Alongside TNM staging, gastric cancer clinic has two well-recognized classification systems, the Lauren classification that subdivides gastric adenocarcinoma into intestinal and diffuse types and the alternative World Health Organization system that divides gastric cancer into papillary, tubular, mucinous (colloid), and poorly cohesive carcinomas. Both classification systems enable a better understanding of the histogenesis and the biology of gastric cancer yet have a limited clinical utility in guiding patient therapy due to the molecular heterogeneity of gastric cancer. Unprecedented whole-genome-scale data have been catalyzing and advancing the molecular subtyping approach. Here we cataloged and compared those published gene expression profiling signatures in gastric cancer. We summarized recent integrated genomic characterization of gastric cancer based on additional data of somatic mutation, chromosomal instability, EBV virus infection, and DNA methylation. We identified the consensus patterns across these signatures and identified the underlying molecular pathways and biological functions. The identification of molecular subtyping of gastric adenocarcinoma and the development of integrated genomics approaches for clinical applications such as prediction of clinical intervening emerge as an essential phase toward personalized medicine in treating gastric cancer. © 2015 Lin et al.

Hong J.,Fujian Medical University | Yao Y.,Fujian Cancer Hospital | Zhang Y.,Fujian Medical University | Tang T.,Fujian Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States) | Year: 2013

Objective. The effectiveness of radiotherapy in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is closely related to the radiosensitivity of the carcinoma; however, there is currently no effective method to predict radiosensitivity in NPC. We explored the predictive value of magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging (MR-DWI) for radiosensitivity in NPC. Study Design. Prospective cohort study. Setting. Single hospital. Subjects and Methods. Patients with NPC who received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with or without chemotherapy were enrolled from April 2010 through November 2011. Primary tumor apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was measured before treatment (ADC0) and 2 weeks after the start of IMRT (ADC1). ADC change (DADC) was calculated as (ADC1 - ADC0)/ADC0*100%. Three months after the end of radiotherapy, the short-term effect of radiotherapy was assessed using the World Health Organization's response evaluation criteria in solid tumors. Results. Of 134 eligible NPC patients, 121 received combination chemotherapy. Three months after radiotherapy, residual local tumors were detected in 23 (17.2%) cases, and no residual tumors were detected in 111 (82.8%) cases. There was no significant difference in the residual tumor rates of patients receiving combination chemotherapy vs those who did not (P = 1.000). There were no significant differences in the ADC0 or ADC1 values of patients with and without residual tumors (P = .083 and .262). The DADC values of patients with (49.77% ± 31.02%) and without (68.35% ± 34.22%) residual tumors were significantly different (t = 22.406, P = .017). Logistic regression analysis indicated that DADC was an independent prognostic factor for the short-term effect of IMRT in NPC. Conclusion. Magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging may potentially have value for predicting radiosensitivity in NPC. © American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2013.

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