Lin D.,Fujian Normal University |
Lin D.,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
Pan J.,Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital |
Huang H.,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
And 7 more authors.
Scientific Reports | Year: 2014
This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of a label-free nanobiosensor based on blood plasma surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) method for exploring variability of different tumor (T) stages in nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC). Au nanoparticles as the SERS-active nanostructures were directly mixed with human blood plasma to enhance the Raman scattering signals. High quality SERS spectra can be acquired from blood plasma samples belong to 60 healthy volunteers, 25 NPC patients with T1 stage and 75 NPC patients with T2-T4 stage. A diagnostic accuracy of 83.5% and 93.3%, respectively, can be achieved for classification between early T (T1) stage cancer and normal; and advanced T (T2-T4) stage cancer and normal blood groups. This exploratory study demonstrates that the nanobiosensor based on SERS technique in conjunction with PCA-LDA has great potential as a clinical complement for different T stages detection in nasopharyngeal cancer.
Programmed Death-Ligand 1 Expression Predicts Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Response and Better Prognosis in a Cohort of Patients With Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutation-Positive Lung Adenocarcinoma
Lin C.,Fujian Medical University |
Chen X.,Fujian Medical University |
Li M.,Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital |
Liu J.,Fujian Medical University |
And 6 more authors.
Clinical Lung Cancer | Year: 2015
Background The immune checkpoint proteins programmed death-1/ligand (PD-1/PD-L1) play a critical role in immune escape of tumor cells. In models of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-driven non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), EGFR signal upregulates PD-1/PD-L1. However, data on the clinical significance of PD1/PD-L1 expression in patients with the subtype of NSCLC carrying EGFR mutations remain limited. Materials and Methods Immunohistochemistry was performed to evaluate the expression of PD-1, PD-L1, and CD4+ and CD8+ tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes (TILs). Results In a cohort of 56 patients, PD-L1 and PD-1 was positive in 53.6% and 32.1% of tumor specimens, respectively. PD-L1+ patients had a significantly greater disease-control rate (P =.004), in association with longer progression-free survival (P =.001) after EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy and overall survival (P =.004), and no correlation between PD-1 positivity and clinical outcomes was observed. PD-L1 expression was not significantly associated with either clinicopathologic features or TILs. Conclusions These findings suggest that this subtype of EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC is highly eligible for PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy. PD-L1 might represent a favorable biomarker candidate for the response to EGFR-TKIs and outcomes of these patients with NSCLC. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
Wu C.,Peking Union Medical College |
Miao X.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology |
Huang L.,Peking Union Medical College |
Che X.,Chinese Academy of Sciences |
And 34 more authors.
Nature Genetics | Year: 2012
Pancreatic cancer has the lowest survival rate among human cancers, and there are no effective markers for its screening and early diagnosis. To identify genetic susceptibility markers for this cancer, we carried out a genome-wide association study on 981 individuals with pancreatic cancer (cases) and 1,991 cancer-free controls of Chinese descent using 666,141 autosomal SNPs. Promising associations were replicated in an additional 2,603 pancreatic cancer cases and 2,877 controls recruited from 25 hospitals in 16 provinces or cities in China. We identified five new susceptibility loci at chromosomes 21q21.3, 5p13.1, 21q22.3, 22q13.32 and 10q26.11 (P = 2.24 × 10 -13 to P = 4.18 × 10 -10) in addition to 13q22.1 previously reported in populations of European ancestry. These results advance our understanding of the development of pancreatic cancer and highlight potential targets for the prevention or treatment of this cancer.
Zheng P.-C.,Fujian Medical University |
Chen X.,Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command |
Zhu H.-W.,General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command |
Zheng W.,Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2014
Calpain small subunit 1 (Capn4) plays a key role in tumor migration or invasion. In this study, expression and function of Capn4 was investigated in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Here we report that both mRNA and protein levels of Capn4 were elevated in NPC tissues when compared to normal NP tissues. Similarly, Capn4 was also highly expressed in multiple NPC cell lines, compared to immortalized human nasopharyngeal epithelial cell line NP69. Moreover, expression of Capn4 was significantly correlated with Epstein-Barr virus infection, advanced stages, and lymph node or distant metastasis (P < 0.001). The patients with NPC displaying higher Capn4 had a significantly shorter overall survival (P = 0.002) and progression-free survival (P = 0.003). Furthermore, siRNA knockdown of Capn4 suppressed cell migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo. These events resulted from Capn4 downregulation were associated with reduced expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), Snail, and Vimentin. Finally, we demonstrated that Capn4 upregulated MMP2 via nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation, manifested by increased phosphorylation of p65, a subunit of NF-κB. Together, these findings argue a novel function of Capn4 in invasion and metastasis of NPC, and thereby suggest that Capn4 may represent an independent prognostic factor and a potential therapeutic target in NPC. Capn4 is a marker of poor clinical outcomes that promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma metastasis via NF-kB induced MMP2 expression. © 2014 The Authors.
Wu S.-X.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Cui T.-T.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Zhao C.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Pan J.-J.,Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
Radiotherapy and Oncology | Year: 2010
Purpose: A multi-center prospective randomized trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Actovegin in the prevention and treatment of chemoradiotherapy-induced acute oral mucositis. Methods and materials: Between February 2006 and May 2007, 156 evaluable patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were randomized to Group 1 (n = 53) for prevention, Group 2 (n = 51) for treatment, and Group 3 (n = 52) for control. All patients received concomitant chemoradiotherapy ± induction chemotherapy. Radiation technique and dose were similar among 3 groups. Intravenous Actovegin of 30 ml daily (5 days/week) was administrated from day 1 of the radiotherapy for Group 1 and from the onset of grade 2 mucositis for Group 2, until the end of the radiotherapy. Results: The incidence of grade 3 mucositis was lower in Group 1 compared with Group 3 (26.4% vs. 55.8%, P = 0.002). Group 2 had a lower progression rate of mucositis from grade 2 to 3 compared with Group 3 (39.2% vs. 60.4%, P = 0.035). There was no difference in the onset time of grade 3 mucositis among 3 groups. Actovegin was well tolerated and no treatment-related adverse events were observed. Conclusions: Actovegin is effective in the prevention and treatment of chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Zheng D.,Fujian Medical University |
Chen Y.,Fujian Medical University |
Chen Y.,Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital |
Xu L.,Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging | Year: 2014
Purpose To evaluate the relationship between quantitative parameters of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and clinical stage of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Materials and Methods Fifty-one newly diagnosed NPC patients received MRI examination on Philips Achieva 3.0 Tesla TX MR system. We used DCE-Tool (Philips Healthcare, Best, The Netherlands) to investigate parameters from primary tumors. Tumor/node/metastasis and corresponding clinical stages were determined based on 2009 UICC 7th edition. The correlations between quantitative parameters and clinical stage were correlated using Pearson correlation analysis. Results Mean Ktrans, Kep, ve, and vp for primary tumors were 0.500 ± 0.188/min, 0.744 ± 0.273/min, 0.986 ± 0.595, and 0.052 ± 0.071, respectively. Both Ktrans and Kep of tumors showed moderate negative correlation with clinical stage, T stage and N stage (P < 0.05), while ve showed moderate positive correlation with them (P < 0.05). vp revealed a moderate negative correlation with T stage (r = -0.369; P < 0.004). Kep and ve have significant differences between many early and advanced stages patients. Conclusion DCE-MRI is feasible to assess vascular permeability of NPC patients. Our results first revealed that the quantitative parameters were significantly related to clinical stage of NPC. Thus, DCE-MRI may be valuable to add noninvasive prognostic indicators in evaluating NPC. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Lin X.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine |
Lin X.,Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital |
Zhao Y.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine |
Song W.-M.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine |
Zhang B.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal | Year: 2015
Gastric cancer, a highly heterogeneous disease, is the second leading cause of cancer death and the fourth most common cancer globally, with East Asia accounting for more than half of cases annually. Alongside TNM staging, gastric cancer clinic has two well-recognized classification systems, the Lauren classification that subdivides gastric adenocarcinoma into intestinal and diffuse types and the alternative World Health Organization system that divides gastric cancer into papillary, tubular, mucinous (colloid), and poorly cohesive carcinomas. Both classification systems enable a better understanding of the histogenesis and the biology of gastric cancer yet have a limited clinical utility in guiding patient therapy due to the molecular heterogeneity of gastric cancer. Unprecedented whole-genome-scale data have been catalyzing and advancing the molecular subtyping approach. Here we cataloged and compared those published gene expression profiling signatures in gastric cancer. We summarized recent integrated genomic characterization of gastric cancer based on additional data of somatic mutation, chromosomal instability, EBV virus infection, and DNA methylation. We identified the consensus patterns across these signatures and identified the underlying molecular pathways and biological functions. The identification of molecular subtyping of gastric adenocarcinoma and the development of integrated genomics approaches for clinical applications such as prediction of clinical intervening emerge as an essential phase toward personalized medicine in treating gastric cancer. © 2015 Lin et al.
Huang R.-F.,Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital
Chinese Journal of Pathology | Year: 2011
Objective: To study clinicopathologic and genetic features of anaplastic lymphoma kinase ( ALK )-positive large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL). Methods Light microscopy, EliVision immunohistocheimical method and fluorescence in-situ hybridization were used to evaluate three ALK + LBCL cases recently diagnosed accompanied with a literature review. Results All three cases were male adult patients (mean age =36.3 years) with nodal involvement by lymphoma. Histologic evaluation revealed a diffuse effacement of the nodal architecture by the infiltration of tumor cells. Sinusoidal infiltration was seen. The neoplastic cells were large and exhibited the immunoblastic/plasmablastic morphology. By immunohistochemistry, all the cases showed a cytoplasmic granular staining of ALK. They were positive for CD45, CD138, and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) , but were negative for CD3, CD20, CD79a and CD30. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) demonstrated the presence of ALK gene translocation in all of the cases. Conclusions ALK + LBCL represents a distinct variant of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, usually involving lymph node of middle-aged men. The tumor has a immunoblastic/plasmablastic morphology along with a distinct immunophenotypic profile and ALK gene rearrangement.
Cao Z.,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
Lin W.,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
Huang Z.,Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital |
Chen X.,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2013
Jiedu Xiaozheng Yin (JXY), a polyherbal formula of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), has been used to treat various kinds of cancer in China. However, the mechanism of its anticancer activity has yet to be elucidated. Air-dried herbs were extracted with reagents of different polarity. HepG2 cells were treated with different doses of ethyl acetate extract (EE-JXY) and chloroform extract (CE-JXY) for 24 h. Cell viability was detected by MTT assay. Colony formation ability was also evaluated. Cell cycle was evaluated by FACS. Tumor bearing BALB/c nude mice was treated with EE-JXY (0.06 g/kg) for 20 days. Tumor volume and weight were monitored. The percentage of PCNA-positive cells and the level of G1 phase proteins [cyclin-dependent kinase2 (CDK2), cyclin-dependent kinase4 (CDK4), cyclin D and cyclin E and G2 phase proteins [cyclin-dependent kinase1 (CDK1), cyclin A and cyclin B] were detected by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. EE-JXY and CE-JXY dose-dependently inhibited the growth of HepG2 cells (P<0.01 for both). Furthermore, EE-JXY inhibited the formation of cell colonies and blocked the cell cycle to G1 phase in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01 for all). EE-JXY showed an obviously antitumor effect in vivo (P<0.05). Further investigation showed that EE-JXY decreased the proliferation index of tumors (P<0.01) through increasing the expression of G1-related proteins (cyclin D and cyclin E, P<0.05 and P<0.01). These results suggested that JXY inhibits the growth of HepG2 cells at least via arresting the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase.
PubMed | Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital
Type: | Journal: Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research | Year: 2017
BACKGROUND The aims of this study were to analyze the prognostic value of baseline lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) among nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and to evaluate the potential application of LDH in monitoring treatment efficacy dynamically. MATERIAL AND METHODS From June 2005 to December 2010, 1188 patients with non-metastatic NPC who underwent IMRT with or without chemotherapy were reviewed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the predictive value of baseline LDH. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to analyze the difference between baseline and post-radiotherapy LDH, and to compare post-radiotherapy LDH with the LDH in cases of distant failure. RESULTS Patients with elevated LDH had significant inferior survival rates, in terms of overall survival (70.0% vs. 83.2%, p=0.010), disease-specific survival (71.1% vs. 85.7%, p=0.002), and distant metastasis-free survival (71.1% vs. 83.4%, p=0.009), but not correlated with locoregional relapse-free survival (p=0.275) or progression-free survival (p=0.104). Subgroup analysis demonstrated that this predictive effect was more significant with advanced stage. Sixty-five post-radiotherapy LDH levels were available from the 90 patients with high LDH at initial diagnosis, and these levels fell in 65 patients, with 62 cases (95.4%) falling within the normal range. Of the 208 patients who experienced distant metastasis, 87 had an available LDH level at that time. Among them, 69 cases (79.3%) had an increased level compared with the post-radiotherapy LDH level. CONCLUSIONS Pretreatment LDH is a simple, cost-effective biomarker that could predict survival rates and might be used in individualized treatment. It is also a potential biomarker that might reflect tumor burden and be used to monitor therapy efficacy.