Fujian Institute of Geological Survey

Fuzhou, China

Fujian Institute of Geological Survey

Fuzhou, China
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Li S.,Laval University | Li S.,CAS Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research | Ding L.,CAS Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research | Ding L.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | And 6 more authors.
Tectonophysics | Year: 2017

The Mesozoic strata, within the Bangong-Nujiang suture zone in central Tibet, recorded critical information about the subduction-accretion processes of the Bangong-Nujiang Ocean prior to the Lhasa-Qiangtang collision. This paper reports detailed field observations, petrographic descriptions, sandstone detrital zircon U-Pb ages and Hf isotopic analyses from an accretionary complex (preserved as Mugagangri Group) and the unconformably overlying Shamuluo Formation near Gaize. The youngest detrital zircon ages, together with other age constraints from literature, suggest that the Mugagangri Group was deposited during late Triassic-early Jurassic, while the Shamuluo Formation was deposited during late Jurassic-early Cretaceous. Based on the differences in lithology, age and provenance, the Mugagangri Group is subdivided into the upper, middle and lower subunits. These units are younging structurally downward/southward, consistent with models of progressive off-scrapping and accretion in a southward-facing subduction complex. The upper subunit, comprising mainly quartz-sandstone and siliceous mud/shale, was deposited in abyssal plain environment close to the Qiangtang passive margin during late Triassic, with sediments derived from the southern Qiangtang block. The middle and lower subunits comprise mainly lithic-quartz-sandstone and mud/shale, containing abundant ultramafic/ophiolitic fragments. The middle subunit, of late Triassic-early Jurassic age, records a transition in tectono-depositional setting from abyssal plain to trench-wedge basin, with sudden influx of sediments sourced from the central Qiangtang metamorphic belt and northern Qiangtang magmatic belt. The appearance of ultramafic/ophiolitic fragments in the middle subunit reflects the subduction initiation. The lower subunit was deposited in a trench-wedge basin during early Jurassic, with influx of Jurassic-aged zircons originating from the newly active southern Qiangtang magmatic arc. The lower subunit records the onset of arc magmatism related to the northward subduction of the Bangong-Nujiang Ocean. The Shamuluo Formation, comprising mainly lithic-feldspar-sandstone with limestone interlayers, was deposited in a post-collisional residual-sea or pre-collisional trench-slope basin, with sediments derived entirely from the Qiangtang block. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Li S.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li S.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources and Geological Processes | Li S.,Laval University | Guilmette C.,Laval University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Asian Earth Sciences | Year: 2017

The Bangong-Nujiang suture zone, separating the Lhasa and Qiangtang blocks of the Tibetan Plateau, is marked by remnants of the Bangong-Nujiang oceanic basin. In the Gaize area of central Tibet, Mesozoic sedimentary strata recording the evolution of the basin and subsequent collision between these two blocks include the Upper Triassic-Lower Jurassic turbidites of the Mugagangri Group, the Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous sandstone-dominated Wuga and Shamuluo formations, and the Upper Cretaceous molasse deposits of the Jingzhushan Formation. The Shamuluo and Jingzhushan formations rest unconformably on the underlying Mugagangri Group and Wuga Formation, respectively. In this contribution, we analyze petrographic components of sandstones and U-Pb-Hf isotopic compositions of detrital zircons from the Wuga and Jingzhushan formations for the first time. Based on the youngest detrital zircon ages, the maximum depositional ages of the Wuga and Jingzhushan formations are suggested to be ∼147–150 Ma and ∼79–91 Ma, respectively. Petrographic and isotopic results indicate that sediments in the Wuga Formation were mainly sourced from the accretionary complex (preserved as the Mugagangri Group) in the north, while sediments in the Jingzhushan Formation have mixed sources from the Lhasa block, the Qiangtang block and the intervening suture zone. Provenance analysis, together with regional data, suggests that the Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous Wuga and Shamuluo formations were deposited in a peripheral foreland basin and a residual-sea basin, respectively, in response to the Lhasa-Qiangtang collision, whereas the Upper Cretaceous Jingzhushan Formation reflects continental molasse deposition during the post-collisional stage. The development of the peripheral foreland basin evidenced by deposition of the Wuga Formation reveals that the age of the initial Lhasa-Qiangtang collision might be the latest Jurassic (∼150 Ma). © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Zhou X.-D.,Nanjing Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources | Zhou X.-D.,Fujian Institute of Geological Survey | Song S.-M.,Nanjing Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources | Guo K.-Y.,Nanjing Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources | And 4 more authors.
Bulletin of Mineralogy Petrology and Geochemistry | Year: 2015

This paper systematically analyzed C-O-S-Pb isotopes in ores from the Nanmentou Cu deposit to reveal sources of the ore-forming fluid and material. The results show that isotope values varied slightly from - I. 03%e to -0. 46%e and 0 isotope values fell in two ranges of 13. 50%o-14. 00%c and I 1.40%c-11. 80%c, indicating that the ore-forming fluid might be derived mainly from the deep granite and mixed with carbonate rocks since of water-rock reactions between ore- fonning fluids and wall rocks. The S isotope values were positively high in both ore and deep granite. The study suggested that S in the deposit mainly came from the granite with mixture from the gypsiferous salt bed. The 208Pb/204Pb ,207Pb/204Pb and 206Pb/204Pb values changed from 38. 2336 to 38. 4147, from 15. 5618 to 15. 5887 and from 18. 1242 to 18. 2936 in the ore. and from 38. 8794 to 39. 5243, from 15. 6194 to 15. 6973 and from 18. 7224 to 19. 1461 in the granite. In combina-Tion of previous studies on Sr, Nd, Hf and Pb isotopes, we suggested that the granite originated from mantle magma invading with mixing from the cnist. The source of Pb in the ore were mainly related to the Mesozoic magma but a part of Pb might be from the sedimentary strata.

Jin C.-S.,Oil and Gas Survey | Xu X.-H.,Sinopec | Li G.,CAS Qingdao Institute of Oceanology | Liang J.-S.,China National Offshore Oil Corporation | And 2 more authors.
Geology in China | Year: 2015

Based on the newly acquired and reprocessed seismic data, in combination with drilling data, gravity and magnet inversion and onshore and offshore correlation, the authors studied the geological characteristics of Mesozoic and Cenozoic strata in southern East China Sea Shelf Basin. With sedimentary center in the east, the Mesozoic strata of great thickness are distributed extensively over such uplift areas as Taibei, Guanyin and Yandang. The Cenozoic strata are thicker in the east and west than in the central part in the study area. The southern East China Basin was a marginal depression basin in Mesozoic, with a western boundary of Jurassic on the east side of Yandang uplift, and that of Cretaceous on the west side of Oujiang Sag. More marine facies marks were found in drilling analysis, which shows that the transgression from south to north and from east to west happened in Jurassic, and that from east to west occurred in Cretaceous, in consideration of surrounding sedimentary environments. Source rocks of Lower Jurassic, Lower Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene and Miocene are well developed in the study area, so there exists a great hydrocarbon potential in the study area.

Wang B.,Research Center for Tibetan Plateau Geology | Wang L.,Research Center for Tibetan Plateau Geology | Xu J.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry | Chen L.,Research Center for Tibetan Plateau Geology | And 4 more authors.
Geological Bulletin of China | Year: 2015

A high pressure metamorphic (HP) and ultrahigh pressure metamorphic (UHP) belt is exposed in Baxoi, Amdo and Pengco areas along the middle-eastern Bangongco-Nujiang suture zone (BNSZ). However, the similar HP-UHP metamorphic rocks have not discovered in the western section of BNSZ. In this paper, the authors first report the high-pressure granulite (probably retrograde eclogite) at Dongco area in the western section of the BNSZ. Dongco high-pressure granulite occurs in lenticular, stratoid and massive forms in plagioclase amphibolites and metamorphic gabbros. Based on the intensive study of petrology and mineralogical geochemistry, the authors hold that the HP granulite was made up of the early mineral assemblage of garnet (Grt)+clinopyroxene (Cpx) + plagioclase (Pl) (mostly saussuritized) and the late massive retrograde mineral assemblages amphibole (Hb)+plagioclase (Pl). Garnets in high-pressure granulites are surrounded by plagioclase which forms the corona. LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb dating yielded the age of original rock from the high-pressure granulite of 254±2 Ma, indicating that the opening time of Bangong Co-Nujiang River oceanic basin can be traced to the Late Permian. Geological temperature pressure indicator shows that the temperature-pressure conditions of high-pressure granulite phase are 780~900℃, 13~16 kPa, while those of retrogressive metamorphic amphibolite phase are 430~480℃, 4.5~5.2 kPa, respectively, suggesting that the high-pressure granulites were most likely the product of granulite facies (even eclogite facies) high pressure metamorphism of the Bangong Co-Nujiang River Tethyan oceanic crust. The discovery of Dongco high pressure granulites shows that a high-pressure metamorphic belt might exist within the BNSZ, and might have been formed by the deep subduction of the Bangong Co-Nujiang River Tethyan Ocean. Further study of the high-pressure granulites is of great significance for recognizing the deep subduction process, continent-continent collision orogeny and the tectonic evolution of BNSZ in the Tibetan Plateau. ©, 2015, Science Press. All right reserved.

Xu X.,Wuhan University | Li Y.,Wuhan University | Xue D.,Fujian Institute of Geological Survey | Xie M.,Southeastern Fujian Geology Party of Fujian Province | And 3 more authors.
Diqiu Kexue - Zhongguo Dizhi Daxue Xuebao/Earth Science - Journal of China University of Geosciences | Year: 2014

Multi-stage Late Mesozoic magmatism and structural deformation related to the subduction of Paleo-Pacific plate occurred in the coast of Fujian Province, southeastern China. Extensional deformation in Quanzhou area presents high-angular normal faults and low-angular normal faults or detachment faults. The extensional deformation developed in NW-striking extensional setting. Zircon U-Pb geochronological data in this study suggest that Late Jurassic (~155 Ma), middle Early Cretaceous (130-125 Ma), late Early Cretaceous (~109 Ma) and early Late Cretaceous magmatic rocks outcrop in Quanzhou area. The comprehensive analyses of cutting relations and geochronological data of magmatic rocks show that the sinistral ductile strike-slip of the Changle-Nan'ao shear zone occurred in 130-120 Ma, whereas the dextral brittle shear developed between 120 Ma and 100 Ma. The angular variations of subduction for the Paleo-Pacific plate underneath the South China led to the development of the Late Mesozoic orogenic belt in the coast of Fujian Province. This orogen commenced at the beginning of Early Cretaceous and terminated in the latest Early Cretaceous, which is marked by the extensive NW-striking extensional structures. The transform from syn-orogen compression to post-orogen extension occurred at ~120 Ma.

Qu C.,Wuhan University | Qu C.,University of Naples Federico II | Qi S.,Wuhan University | Yang D.,Wuhan University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Geochemical Exploration | Year: 2015

Surface soil samples from farmlands in Ningde were analyzed for 20 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) with the aim of elucidating contamination profiles, distribution characteristics, influencing factors and carcinogenic risks of these compounds in this hilly region. The total concentrations of OCPs ranged from 3.66 to 658.42ng/g, with a mean of 78.83ng/g. HCHs, DDTs and Endosulfans were the predominant contaminants in agricultural soils. The residual levels of OCPs on vegetable farmlands were significantly higher than those of corresponding counterparts on paddy farmlands, mainly attributed to variations in pesticide application and OCP degradation in the soils. Potential source analysis traced the occurrence of high residual levels of DDTs and HCHs to historical applications. Spearman correlation analysis pointed to TOC as a significant variable controlling OCP distribution, and artificial influences possibly contributed to the fate of OCPs in the soils. The OCP contamination levels in the agricultural soils based on national standards are generally considered safe for crop production, but they however, pose significant carcinogenic risks to exposed populations based on the calculated results of the incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR) parameters. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Zhang J.,Wuhan University | Zhang J.,Hubei University | Xing X.,Wuhan University | Qi S.,Wuhan University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Geochemical Exploration | Year: 2013

Concentrations of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) have been measured in 21 surface soil samples (0-20. cm) collected along Sanduao Bay and Xinghua Bay, southeast China. The total concentrations of OCPs in soil samples of Sanduao Bay and Xinghua Bay range from 1.85 to 54.73. ng/g (dry weight) and 4.66-38.07. ng/g (dry weight), respectively. The mean concentrations of soil samples two bays were in following order: DDTs > HCHs > endosulfans > chlordanes. HCHs in the study areas may have received fresh lindane input. DDTs in 85.7% soil along Sanduao Bay and Xinghua Bay indicating a use of technical DDT in these areas for a long time. But, DDTs in some soil samples along Xinghua Bay were likely due to the historical application of technical DDT. There were weak correlations between TOC contents and residues of HCHs, DDTs, chlordane and endosulfan, indicating that TOC of soil is not the only factor enhance adsorption of these compounds. © 2012.

Wang H.-Q.,CAS Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research | Wang H.-Q.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wang H.-Q.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Ding L.,CAS Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research | And 16 more authors.
Gondwana Research | Year: 2015

As the boundary thrust between India and Asia in southern Tibet, the Zhongba-Gyangze Thrust (ZGT) emplaced the Yarlung Zangbo Suture Zone (YZSZ) units in the hanging wall southward onto Tethyan Himalaya sequences (THS) of the northern Indian continental margin in the footwall. Detailed field investigation, electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) analysis, detrital zircon U-Pb geochronology and 40Ar-39Ar thermochronology were conducted to understand the evolution of the ZGT in Sangsang area, central southern Tibet. The shear zone of ZGT is located within the sedimentary-matrix mélange of YZSZ that is mainly composed of matrix of blueschist with meta pelagic-hemipelagic siliceous and siliciclastic rocks and blocks of basalt, limestone and sandstone. Penetrative F1 foliation and kink band structure were recorded within the matrix both on outcrop and under microscope. Strong lattice preferred orientation (LPO) fabric initiated by the low-temperature (350-450°C) (010)[001] slip system was detected by EBSD in the sodic amphiboles of the blueschist. The 40Ar-39Ar ages of the phengites from blueschist and sericites from the phyllite in the shear zone indicate that the activity of ZGT occurred between 71 and 60Ma. In the THS, a newly documented younger unit preserving detrital zircons from the southern Asian margin lies above the Triassic-Cretaceous sequences that carries only detrital zircons from the Indian continent. This unit is dated to be ~61Ma by the detrital zircon ages, similar to the Sangdanlin Formation and representing the Yarlung Zangbo Foreland Basin (YZFB) system. The ZGT had probably been active due to the initial India-Asia collision and acted as the frontal thrust controlling the development of YZFB. © 2015 International Association for Gondwana Research.

Huang C.-H.,Fujian Institute of Geological Survey
Geology in China | Year: 2016

LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb dating was carried out for Dongshan metamorphic rocks in Fujian Province. Their ages obtained are 176.8 Ma, 203 Ma, 230 Ma, 1320 Ma and 1810 Ma respectively, Among them, the 176.8 Ma is the age of magmatic zircon in volcanic-sedimentary rocks, representing the formation age of the sedimentary rock; 203 Ma and 230 Ma represent Late Triassic granitoids; 1320 Ma and 1810 Ma represent the metamorphic basement age of metamorphic rocks. The geochemical data indicate that these metamorphic rocks have poor Si and high Al, Fe, K and are characterized by low Co, Ni, V content and high Ba, Rb, Zr, Hf, U, Th, La values, exhibiting crust source features; relatively high REE content, slight enrichment of LREE, indistinct fractionation between LREE and HREE, and weak negative Eu anomaly all indicate that sources of the metamorphic rocks might have been mantle-crust and granitoids of I series. The Qingyingshan Formation seems to have been the early Jurassic product of the marine-terrigenous facies at the rifting stage, accompanied by volcanism.

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