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Wang D.,Fujian Normal University | Wang P.,Fujian Normal University | Jiang J.,Fujian Normal University | Lv Q.,Fujian Normal University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics | Year: 2015

Mas oncogene-related G protein-coupled receptor C (MrgC) is unequally expressed in sensory ganglia and has been shown to modulate pathologic pain. This study investigated the mechanism underlying the effect of MrgC receptors on inflammatory pain. Intrathecal administration of the selective MrgC receptor agonist bovine adrenal medulla 8-22 (BAM8-22) (30 nmol) inhibited complete Freund's adjuvant-evoked hyperalgesia. This was associated with the inhibition of protein kinase C-g and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase in the spinal cord and/or dorsal root ganglia (DRG). The complete Freund's adjuvant injection in the hindpaw induced an increase in Gq, but not Gi and Gs, protein in the spinal dorsal horn. This increase was inhibited by the intrathecal administration of BAM8-22. The exposure of DRG cultures to bradykinin (10 mM) and prostaglandin E2 (1 mM) increased the expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase in small- And medium-sized neurons as well as the levels of CGRP, aspartate, and glutamate in the cultured medium. The bradykinin/prostaglandin E2-induced alterations were absent in the presence of BAM8-22 (10 nM). These results suggest that the activation of MrgC receptors can modulate the increase in the expression of CGRP and neuronal nitric oxide synthase as well as the release of CGRP and excitatory amino acids in DRG associated with inflammatory pain. This modulation results in the inhibition of pain hypersensitivity by suppressing the expression of Gq protein and protein kinase C-g and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase signaling pathways in the spinal cord and/or DRG. The present study suggests that MrgC receptors may be a novel target for relieving inflammatory pain. Copyright © 2015 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.


Sun Y.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Wang X.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Wang X.,Fujian Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhou Q.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | And 6 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2015

In breast cancer, metastasis is the main reason for patient mortality. In the present study, we used breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells and a mouse xenograft model to demonstrate the effect of emodin on the migration, invasion and metastasis of human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells and the related mechanisms. In vitro, wound healing and Transwell assays showed that emodin dose-dependently inhibited the migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) showed that emodin decreased the secretion of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Western blot analysis showed that emodin downregulated the expression levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, uPA and uPAR as well as p38 inhibitor SB203580 and ERK inhibitor PD980559, even though TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 were not obviously changed in the MDA-MB-231 cells. Furthermore, emodin inhibited the activity of p38 and ERK1/2 in the MDA-MB-231 cells. In vivo, emodin inhibited lung metastasis in mice bearing the breast cancer MDA-MB-231 xenografts with no obvious changes in body weight, liver and kidney functions. These results indicated that emodin inhibited the lung metastasis of human breast cancer in a mouse xenograft model, and inhibited the invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells associated with the downregulation of MMP-2, MMP-9, uPA and uPAR expression as well as decreased activity of p38 and ERK.


Wang X.-F.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Wang X.-F.,Fujian Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhou Q.-M.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Lu Y.-Y.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | And 4 more authors.
Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets | Year: 2015

Introduction: Radix Glycyrrhiza has been used in China for thousand years to treat cancer. However, focus on its tumor-suppressing mechanism has been concentrated on its effect on tumor cell growth and apoptosis.Objectives: With the aid of a panel of human breast cancer cell lines, we reveal that glycyrrhetinic acid (GA), a major component of Radix Glycyrrhiza, is actually a significantly more potent agent to suppress invasion than cell survival.Results: GA effectively inhibits breast cancer cell MMP-2/MMP-9 expression; GA-induced reduction in the MMP-2/9 expression is apparently mediated by GA's ability to specifically inhibit the p38 MAPK activity and its downstream AP1 activation. Moreover, we show that GA down regulates the levels of Fra-1 and c-Jun, two main components of AP1 transcription complex in invasive breast cancer cells and that AP1-specific inhibitor abrogates breast cancer cell invasion. These results suggest that GA impairs the p38 MAPK-AP1 signaling axis, leading to the repression of breast cancer cell invasion. Finally, we demonstrate that GA effectively suppresses breast tumor outgrowth and pulmonary metastasis without causing animal weight loss or eliciting liver/kidney toxicity to the recipient animals.Conclusion: This study indicates that GA represents a good candidate compound for the potential development of therapeutic drug. © 2015 Informa UK, Ltd.


Wang X.-F.,Fujian Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Liu X.-J.,Fudan University | Zhou Q.-M.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Du J.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2013

Cardiomyocytes apoptosis can lead to heart failure. Conventional and alternative drugs, such as Chinese herbal remedies, have been developed to target cardiomyoblast cells apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the effects of ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1), an active compound, which is isolated from Notoginseng and Ginseng on isoproterenol-(ISO-) induced apoptosis in rat cardiomyocytes and its mechanism in vivo and in vitro. Rb1 reduced the ISO-induced apoptosis in rat cardiomyocytes and H9c2 cells. The effect of Rb1 was significantly suppressed by H89 (inhibitor for PKA), but not by C-1 (inhibitor for PKC). Based on in-cell blot analysis, the ISO-induced PKA and PKC expressions were decreased by Rb1, which was inhibited by H89, but not by C-1. The expressions of caspase-3 and caspase-9 were decreased after treatment with both ISO and Rb1, but with no change for caspase-8. Our results indicated that Rb1 reducing ISO-induced rat cardiomyocytes apoptosis may be involved in PKA and caspase-9 pathways. © 2013 Xiu-feng Wang et al.


PubMed | Fudan University, Fujian Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Type: | Journal: Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM | Year: 2013

Cardiomyocytes apoptosis can lead to heart failure. Conventional and alternative drugs, such as Chinese herbal remedies, have been developed to target cardiomyoblast cells apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the effects of ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1), an active compound, which is isolated from Notoginseng and Ginseng on isoproterenol-(ISO-) induced apoptosis in rat cardiomyocytes and its mechanism in vivo and in vitro. Rb1 reduced the ISO-induced apoptosis in rat cardiomyocytes and H9c2 cells. The effect of Rb1 was significantly suppressed by H89 (inhibitor for PKA), but not by C-1 (inhibitor for PKC). Based on in-cell blot analysis, the ISO-induced PKA and PKC expressions were decreased by Rb1, which was inhibited by H89, but not by C-1. The expressions of caspase-3 and caspase-9 were decreased after treatment with both ISO and Rb1, but with no change for caspase-8. Our results indicated that Rb1 reducing ISO-induced rat cardiomyocytes apoptosis may be involved in PKA and caspase-9 pathways.


Hu J.,Fujian Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Hu J.,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Pang W.,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Pang W.,Second Hospital of Fuzhou | And 4 more authors.
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: The aims of this study were to evaluate the antidiabetic activity and to detect molecular size of Pseudostellaria heterophylla polysaccharide (PHP). Pseudostellaria heterophylla is a medicine extensively used in traditional Chinese medicine formulas to treat diabetes and its complications. Methods: Molecular weight of PHP was determined by gel permeation chromatography combined with phenol-sulphuric acid method and the monosaccharides composition was determined by HPLC with a precolumn derivatization. Four polysaccharides with different molecular weight were compared for hypoglycemic active on two animal models both high does alloxan induced type1 diabetic mellitus (T1DM) and high-fat/lower does streptozotocin induced type2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM). Blood sugar, glucose tolerance, and insulin tolerance were detected. Rat serum IL-1β, IL-2, IL-10, Leptin, TNF-α, Acrp30 and CRP were also analyzed by sandwich-ELISA approaches to preliminary probe the hypoglycemic mechanism of PHP. Results: The hypoglycemic effects related to molecular size of polysaccharide were more effective against T2DM than T1DM. PHP comprise four monosaccharides of galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose and arabinos. T2DM rats daily receiving oral dose of polysaccharide(100 ~ 400 mg/kg) with 50 ~ 210 kDa molecular weight (PF40) could not only significantly lower blood sugar but also reduce total triglyceride level in serum. PF40 improves in insulin tolerance inhibited the expression of some biomarkers including inflammatory cytokine TNF-α and elevated anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, regulated adiponectin Acrp30 and leptin. Conclusions: PF40 prevent the cascade of inflammatory events in the treatment of T2DM to block overweight progresses to obesity. © 2013 Hu et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Zheng Z.Z.,Quanzhou Childrens Hospital of Fujian | Zheng Z.Z.,Fujian Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Hu J.,Fujian Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Hu J.,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
RSC Advances | Year: 2016

Based on the different affinities of graphene oxide (GO) toward ssDNA and dsDNA, a fluorescence assay using split G-rich probes and magnetic GO (Fe3O4/GO) was developed for authentication of Pseudostellaria heterophylla based on the ITS sequences. In this assay, the probes mixed with Fe3O4/GO nanoparticles, hybridize with T-DNA for a double-stranded structure and then their G-rich sequences can fold into a G-quadruplex which combines hemin for DNAzyme. After magnetic separation, the DNAzyme supernatant can catalyze 2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (H2DCFDA) oxidation with H2O2 and release a fluorescence signal. Herein, the Fe3O4/GO nanoparticles play an important role in decreasing the background signal by absorbing the excess probes and hemin. This assay allows the analysis of T-DNA in the range of 1.0 × 10-14 to 1.0 × 10-7 mol L-1 with a low detection limit of 1.87 × 10-15 mol L-1. In addition, this newly designed assay allows specific authentication of Pseudostellaria heterophylla from different provenances. © 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


PubMed | Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Fujian Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) | Year: 2016

The semi-refined polysaccharide of Pseudostellaria heterophylla is a complex polysaccharide that exhibits significantly hypoglycemic activities. A novel homogeneous polysaccharide, named as H-1-2, was isolated from the semi-refined polysaccharide. The mean molecular weight of H-1-2 was 1.4 10 Da and it was only composed of d-glucose monosaccharide. Structure elucidation indicated that H-1-2 contains pyranride, and has the characteristics of the -iso-head configuration, a non-reducing end (T-), 4-, 1,6-, and 1,4,6-connection, in all four ways to connect glucose. H-1-2 was a type of glucan, where chemical combination exists in the main chain between 14 linked glucose, and contains a small amount of 1,6-linked glucose, which was in the branched chain. In vitro HepG2, 3T3-L1, and L6 cells were used to assess cellular glucose consumption and cellular glucose uptake by glucose oxidase, and the transport of 2-NBDG fluorescence probe results showed that H-1-2 could clearly increase glucose uptake and utilization in muscle and adipose cells, which is beneficial to screen for in the discovery of anti-diabetes lead compounds. H-1-2 was labeled with radioisotopes ((99m)Tc-pertechnetate). (99m)Tc-labeled-H-1-2 was performed by SPECT/CT analysis images after oral administration in rats. At 4 h post ingestion, about 50% of the radioactivity was observed in the intestine. No significant radioactivity was found in the heart, liver, and kidney, conjecturing that absorption of (99m)Tc-labeled H-1-2 might, via intestinal mucosa, be absorbed into systemic circulation. This problem, as to whether the polysaccharide is absorbed orally, will need further examination.


To investigate the mechanism of Liuwei Dihuang Pill (, LDP) in treating postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) with Shen (Kidney) yin deficiency.In this study, 205 cases of PMOP were divided into the PMOP Shen-yin deficiency group (Group A), PMOP Shen-yang deficiency group (Group B), PMOP without Shen deficiency group (Group C), and control group (Group N). Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot techniques were used to observe the effects of LDP treatment on the cardiotrophin-like cytokine factor 1 (CLCF1), ankyrin repeat and SOCS box containing 1 (ASB1), and prokineticin 2 (PROK2) genes and the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway.The mRNA (P<0.05) and protein (P<0.01) expression levels of the CLCF1 gene in Group A were significantly lower than the corresponding levels in Group N. After LDP treatment for 3 months, the mRNA expression levels of the CLCF1 gene were obviously up-regulated (P<0.01). After 6-month treatment, the expression levels of CLCF1 mRNA and protein were significantly up-regulated (both P<0.01), and the average bone density of the top femur had significantly increased (P<0.05). In vitro, CLCF1 overexpression resulted in a significant increase in the total protein and phosphorylated protein levels of JAK2 and STAT3.The CLCF1 gene is an important gene associated with PMOP Shen-yin deficiency and the therapeutic effects of LDP may be mediated by up-regulation of CLCF1 gene expression and activation of the JAK/STAT signaling pathway.


PubMed | Fujian Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Type: | Journal: BMC complementary and alternative medicine | Year: 2014

The aims of this study were to evaluate the antidiabetic activity and to detect molecular size of Pseudostellaria heterophylla polysaccharide (PHP). Pseudostellaria heterophylla is a medicine extensively used in traditional Chinese medicine formulas to treat diabetes and its complications.Molecular weight of PHP was determined by gel permeation chromatography combined with phenol-sulphuric acid method and the monosaccharides composition was determined by HPLC with a precolumn derivatization. Four polysaccharides with different molecular weight were compared for hypoglycemic active on two animal models both high does alloxan induced type1 diabetic mellitus (T1DM) and high-fat/lower does streptozotocin induced type2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM). Blood sugar, glucose tolerance, and insulin tolerance were detected. Rat serum IL-1, IL-2, IL-10, Leptin, TNF-, Acrp30 and CRP were also analyzed by sandwich-ELISA approaches to preliminary probe the hypoglycemic mechanism of PHP.The hypoglycemic effects related to molecular size of polysaccharide were more effective against T2DM than T1DM. PHP comprise four monosaccharides of galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose and arabinos. T2DM rats daily receiving oral dose of polysaccharide(100~400 mg/kg) with 50~210 kDa molecular weight (PF40) could not only significantly lower blood sugar but also reduce total triglyceride level in serum. PF40 improves in insulin tolerance inhibited the expression of some biomarkers including inflammatory cytokine TNF- and elevated anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, regulated adiponectin Acrp30 and leptin.PF40 prevent the cascade of inflammatory events in the treatment of T2DM to block overweight progresses to obesity.

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