Time filter

Source Type

Chen Z.-P.,Fujian Agriculture and forestry University | Qi Z.-X.,Fujian Academy of Integrative Medicine
Yiyong Shengwu Lixue/Journal of Medical Biomechanics | Year: 2012

Objective: To explore the effect of avascular necrosis cystic degeneration on distribution of bone density. Methods: Based on the bone reconstruction model of Weinans and Huiskes, bone density distribution in normal femoral head and in femoral head with avascular necrosis cystic degeneration were calculated by finite element analysis. Results: (1) The medial system of lamellae, lateral system of lamellae, intertrochanteric arch and Ward's triangle were generated on the normal proximal femur under simulation. (2) If a primary cystic degeneration occurred, a secondary cystic area would appear below the primary one and its bone density would decrease dramatically with the primary cystic area increased. Cystic degeneration would also change the femoral bearing truss system. Conclusions: (1) Wolff's law on bone remodeling is consistent with modern topology optimization theory. (2) If cystic degeneration appeared due to avascular necrosis of the femoral head, it should be treated timely to prevent the secondary cystic degeneration and collapse of the femoral head. Source

Chen Z.,Fujian Agriculture and forestry University | Xu Y.,Fujian Agriculture and forestry University | Qi Z.,Fujian Academy of Integrative Medicine | Zho J.,Xiamen University
Medical Engineering and Physics | Year: 2015

Sclerosis rim surrounding the necrotic area is commonly found in necrotic femoral head, but the biomechanical function of sclerosis rim has received relatively little attention. Little is known about the formation and natural history of sclerosis rim. In the present work, we assume that the necrotic change may trigger bone remodeling process in the femoral head, which took place according to Huiskes' bone remodeling model incorporated with the FE simulations as described earlier. We then investigate the function of sclerosis rim as a mechanical supporter in delaying further collapse of the femoral head based on our sclerotic rim model. The main tasks of this study are: (1) simulation of the density distribution in the necrotic femoral head after bone remodeling; (2) calculation of maximal von Mises stress in the subchondral bone of the weight-bearing area of the femoral head over the necrotic area before and after bone remodeling. Results show that the sclerotic rim is, from the biomechanical point of view, an adaptive response to the decrease in elastic modulus of the femoral head, and that the sclerotic rim that acts as a compensatory structural reinforcement can usually significantly reduce the maximal stress in the subchondral bone when the lesion is small, but not when the lesion is large. © 2015 IPEM. Source

Yi J.,Fujian Institute of Education | Liao F.-P.,Fujian Academy of Integrative Medicine | Zheng W.-W.,Fujian Academy of Agricultural science
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs | Year: 2013

Objective: To provide the DNA molecular marker for the identification of Pseudostellaria heterophylla from the different idioplasms by analysis of rDNA ITS sequences. Methods: PCR amplification, cloning, and sequencing were carried out using specified primer, and the rDNA ITS base sequences were compared. Results: The ITS mutation extension was 623-624 pb among nine idioplasms of P. heterophylla. Thereinto, the ITS-1 was 224 pb and its G + C content was 52.91%-54.26%, the 5.8S rDNA was 155 bp and its G + C content was 54.49%-55.13%, the ITS-2 was 244-245 bp and its G + C content was 55.55%-56.41%. There were 17 mutation sites (2.72%) in the whole ITS sequences. There were 7, 7, and 3 mutation sites in ITS1, ITS2, and 5.8S, respectively. The different idioplasms had a number of specific single nucleotide mutation sites. Their homologies with each other were upwards 99.9% and their sequence genetic distances were 0.003-0.013. These results showed that the mutation in species from different producing areas and idioplasms was within no more than one species. Conclusion: The mutation of ITS sequences could be used to authenticate P. heterophylla from different idioplasms. Source

Zhao J.-Y.,Fujian Academy of Integrative Medicine | Zhao J.-Y.,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Chen Z.-H.,Fujian Guizhentang Pharmaceutical Co. | Lin W.,Fujian Academy of Integrative Medicine | And 4 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine | Year: 2014

Objective: To evaluate the effect of Bear Bile Powder (BBP) on the growth and apoptosis of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and investigate the possible molecular mechanisms mediating its anti-cancer activity. Methods: HepG2 cells were treated with 0.4-1.0 mg/mL of BBP for 24, 48 and 72 h. The viability of HePG2 cells was determined by MTT assay. Cellular morphology was observed via phase-contrast microscopy. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis with Annexin-V/propidium idodide and 5,5′,6,6′-tetrachloro- 1,1′,3,3′-tetraethyl-benzimidazol-carbocyanine iodide (JC-1) staining was performed to determine cell apoptosis and the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, respectively. Activation of caspase-9 and -3 was evaluated by a colorimetric assay. Results: The treatment with 0.4-1 mg/mL of BBP for 24, 48, or 72 h respectively reduced cell viability significantly by 7%-60%, 20%-90% or 25%-98%, compared with the untreated control cells (P<0.01). In addition, BBP treatment induced morphological changes in HepG2 cells. Furthermore, after treated with 0, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0 mg/mL of BBP, apoptosis cells (including early and late apoptotic cells) were 18.0%±1.3%, 34.9%±2.2%, 33.9%±2.8%, 37.4%±2.8% and 46.0%±2.5%, respectively (P<0.05); and the percentage of cells with reduced JC-1 red fluorescence were 6.6%±0.8%, 8.5%±0.8%, 13.5%±1.6%, 17.6%±2.3% and 46.7%±3.6%, respectively (P<0.01). Finally, BBP treatment significantly and dose-dependently induced activation of both caspase-9 and caspase-3 in HepG2 cells (P<0.05). Conclusion: BBP could inhibit the growth of HepG2 hepatocellular cancer cells through mitochondrion-mediated apoptosis, which may, in part, explain its anti-cancer activity. BBP may be a potential novel therapeutic agent for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. © 2013 Chinese Association of the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine and Springer-Verlag. Source

Lin J.-M.,Fujian Academy of Integrative Medicine | Lin J.-M.,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Wei L.-H.,Fujian Academy of Integrative Medicine | Chen Y.-Q.,University of Oklahoma | And 8 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine | Year: 2011

Objective: To investigate the cellular effects of Pien Tze Huang (PZH) in the HT-29 human colon carcinoma cell line. Methods: The viability of HT-29 cells was determined by MTT assay. A fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis with annexin-V/propidium iodide (PI) and JC-1 staining were performed to determine cell apoptosis and the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, respectively. Activation of caspase 3 was evaluated by a colorimetric assay. The mRNA expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bax were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: PZH, in a dose- and time-dependent manner, reduced viability and induced apoptosis of HT-29 cells. Moreover, PZH treatment resulted in the collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential, activation of caspase 3, and an increase in the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Conclusion: PZH inhibits the growth of HT-29 cells by inducing cancer cell apoptosis via regulation of the Bcl-2 family and activation of caspase 3, which may, in part, explain its anticancer activity. © 2011 The Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Discover hidden collaborations