Fuji Yakuhin Co.

Saitama, Japan

Fuji Yakuhin Co.

Saitama, Japan

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Hosoya T.,Josai International University | Hosoya T.,Chiba University | Hosoya T.,Fuji Yakuhin Co. | Matsumoto K.,Josai International University | And 6 more authors.
Neurogastroenterology and Motility | Year: 2014

Background: Transient receptor potential channel melastatin 8 (TRPM8) is activated by cold temperatures and cooling agents (menthol and icilin). Recent studies showed TRPM8 is expressed in visceral organs and peripheral sensory pathways. However, the role of TRPM8 in visceral hyperalgesia is poorly understood in pathological states such as inflammatory bowel disease. Hence, we investigated the distribution of TRPM8 and its involvement in visceral hyperalgesia in experimental colitis mice. Methods: TRPM8 immunoreactivity was detected using immunohistochemical staining with fluorescein-conjugated tyramide amplification. Visceral hyperalgesia was measured by the intracolonic administration of TRPM8 agonist, WS-12, in control and dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis mice. Key Results: TRPM8 immunoreactivity in the distal colon was much higher than in the transverse and proximal colon under physiological conditions. TRPM8 immunoreactivity markedly increased in the distal colon mucosa of DSS-induced colitis mice compared with control mice. The number of TRPM8 nerve fibers in mucosa of DSS- or 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis model mice drastically increased compared with control mice. TRPM8 immunoreactivities colocalized with the calcitonin gene-related peptide- and substance P-immunoreactive nerve fibers in the mucosa. Intracolonic administration of WS-12 induced behavioral visceral pain-like responses. The numbers of these responses in the colitis model mice were 3 times higher than in control mice, and were decreased by pretreatment with the TRPM8 channel blocker AMTB. Conclusions & Inferences: Increased expression of TRPM8 may contribute to the visceral hyperalgesia of experimental colitis. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Matsumoto K.,Nippon Medical School | Matsumoto K.,Fuji Yakuhin Co. | Okamoto K.,Nippon Medical School | Ashizawa N.,Fuji Yakuhin Co. | Nishino T.,Nippon Medical School
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics | Year: 2011

4-[5-(Pyridin-4-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine-2-carbonitrile (FYX-051) is a potent inhibitor of bovine milk xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR). Steady-state kinetics study showed that it initially behaved as a competitive-type inhibitor with a K i value of 5.7 × 10 -9 M, then after a few minutes it formed a tight complex with XOR via a Mo-oxygen-carbon atom covalent linkage, as reported previously (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101:7931-7936, 2004). Thus, FYX-051 is a hybrid-type inhibitor exhibiting both structure- and mechanism-based inhibition. The FYX-051-XOR complex decomposed with a half-life of 20.4 h, but the enzyme activity did not fully recover. This was found to be caused by XOR-mediated conversion of FYX-051 to 4-[5-(2-hydroxypyridin-4-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine-2-carbonitrile (2-hydroxy-FYX-051), as well as formation of 6-hydroxy-4-[5-(2-hydroxypyridin-4- yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine-2-carbonitrile (dihydroxy-FYX-051) and 4-[5-(2,6-dihydroxypyridin-4-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]-6-hydroxypyridine-2- carbonitrile (trihydroxy-FYX-051) during prolonged incubation for up to 72 h. A distinct charge-transfer band was observed concomitantly with the formation of the trihydroxy-FYX-051-XOR complex. Crystallographic analysis of the charge-transfer complex indicated that a Mo-nitrogen-carbon bond was formed between molybdenum of XOR and the nitrile group of trihydroxy-FYX-051. FYX-051 showed a potent and long-lasting hypouricemic effect in a rat model of potassium oxonate-induced hyperuricemia, and it seems to be a promising candidate for the clinical treatment of hyperuricemia. Copyright © 2011 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.


Isogai Y.,Toyama Prefectural University | Nakayama K.,Toyama Prefectural University | Nakayama K.,Fujiyakuhin Co.
Protein Engineering, Design and Selection | Year: 2015

The antibiotic acylases belonging to the N-terminal nucleophile hydrolase superfamily are key enzymes for the industrial production of antibiotic drugs. Cephalosporin acylase (CA) and penicillin G acylase (PGA) are two of the most intensively studied enzymes that catalyze the deacylation of β-lactam antibiotics. On the other hand, aculeacin A acylase (AAC) is known to be an alternative acylase class catalyzing the deacylation of echinocandin or cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic compounds, but its structural and enzymatic properties remain to be explored. In the present study, 3D homology models of AAC were constructed, and docking simulation with substrate ligands was performed for AAC, as well as for CA and PGA. The docking models of AAC with aculeacin A suggest that AAC has the deep narrow binding pocket for the long-chain fatty acyl group of the echinocandin molecule. To confirm this, CA mutants have been designed to form the binding pocket for the long acyl chain. Experimentally synthesized mutant enzymes exhibited lower enzymatic activity for cephalosporin but higher activity for aculeacin A, in comparison with the wild-type enzyme. The present results have clarified the difference in mechanisms of substrate selection between the β-lactam and echinocandin acylases and demonstrate the usefulness of the computational approaches for engineering the enzymatic properties of antibiotic acylases. © 2015 The Author 2015.


To provide an industrially useful method for producing pharmaceutically useful 4-[5-(pyridin-4-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine-2-carbonitrile, and an intermediate for producing the compound. The method for producing compound represented by formula (1) is represented by the following reaction scheme, and the intermediate is represented by the following formula (4).


To provide crystal polymorphs of 4-[5-(pyridin-4-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine-2-carbonitrile, which is a useful pharmaceutical, and a production method therefor. Through purification of a corresponding salt, recrystallization, or storage under humidified conditions, three different crystal forms; i.e., crystalline polymorphs of 4-[5-(pyridin-4-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine-2-carbonitrile are produced.


To provide crystal polymorphs of 4-[5-(pyridin-4-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine-2-carbonitrile, which is a useful pharmaceutical, and a production method therefor. Through purification of a corresponding salt, recrystallization, or storage under humidified conditions, three different crystal forms; i.e., crystalline polymorphs of 4-[5-(pyridin-4-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine-2-carbonitrile are produced.


To provide an industrially useful method for producing pharmaceutically useful 4-[5-(pyridin-4-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine-2-carbonitrile, and an intermediate for producing the compound. The method for producing compound represented by formula (1) is represented by the following reaction scheme, and the intermediate is represented by the following formula (4).


Patent
Fuji Yakuhin Co. | Date: 2012-08-08

Disclosed are a novel compound and a pharmaceutical product, each having a remarkable uricosuric effect. Specifically disclosed are: a novel phenol derivative represented by general formula (1) that is shown in Fig. 1; a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; a hydrate of the derivative or the salt; and a solvate of the derivative or the salt. (In the formula, R^(1) and R^(2) may be the same or different and each represents a lower alkyl group, a lower alkenyl group, a lower alkynyl group, a lower alkoxy group, a haloalkyl group, a haloalkoxy group, an alkylsulfanyl group, an alkylsulfinyl group, an alkylsulfonyl group, a lower alkyl-substituted carbamoyl group, a saturated nitrogen-containing heterocyclic N-carbonyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group or a hydrogen atom; R^(3) represents a lower alkyl group, a haloalkyl group, a halogen atom, a hydroxy group or a hydrogen atom; and X represents a sulfur atom, an -S(=O)- group or an -S(=O)_(2)-group.)


PubMed | Sanwa Kagaku Kenkyusho Co., Jikei University School of Medicine and Fuji Yakuhin Co.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical pharmacy and therapeutics | Year: 2016

There are no clinical reports that have compared topiroxostat, a selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, with allopurinol in serum urate-lowering efficacy. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of topiroxostat and allopurinol in Japanese hyperuricemic patients with or without gout.A phase 3, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled, parallel-group study conducted in Japan. Patients who had inadequate serum urate levels (a gout patient: serum urate level 4164 mol/L; an asymptomatic hyperuricemic patient with specific complications (urinary lithiasis, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and/or diabetes): serum urate level 4758 mol/L; and an asymptomatic hyperuricemic patient with no specific complications: serum urate level 5353 mol/L) were randomized to topiroxostat 120 mg/day or allopurinol 200 mg/day, with an equal allocation ratio, for 16 weeks. To prevent the onset of gouty arthritis by rapid serum urate reduction, these doses were increased in a stepwise manner. The primary efficacy endpoint was the per cent change in serum urate level from baseline to the final visit.Overall, 206 patients were randomly assigned to topiroxostat and allopurinol. Two hundred and three patients (allopurinol: n = 105, topiroxostat: n = 98) received at least one dose of the study drug and had their serum urate level assessed at least once. The baseline characteristics were comparable between groups. The mean age of patients was 530 114 years and 99% of patients were male. The primary efficacy endpoint was -343 111% in the allopurinol group (n = 105) and -363 127% in the topiroxostat group (n = 98). Non-inferiority of the serum urate-lowering efficacy of topiroxostat to allopurinol was proved by the predefined non-inferiority margin (95% confidence interval, -53 to 13%). The overall incidences of adverse events and adverse drug reactions were similar between both groups.Topiroxostat 120 mg/day provides non-inferior serum urate reduction compared with allopurinol 200 mg/day and is well tolerated in Japanese hyperuricemic patients with or without gout.


PubMed | Sanwa Kagaku Kenkyusho Co., Jikei University School of Medicine and Fuji Yakuhin Co.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical pharmacy and therapeutics | Year: 2016

In Japan, although topiroxostat, a selective xanthine oxidoreductase inhibitor, has been used for the treatment of patients with hyperuricemia including gout, no published randomized controlled studies evaluating the dose-dependent relationship with respect to the serum urate-lowering efficacy have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dose-dependent relationship with serum urate-lowering efficacy and safety of topiroxostat in Japanese hyperuricemic patients including gout.We conducted an exploratory, phase 2a, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, 8-week, placebo-controlled study in Japanese hyperuricemic patients with or without gout. The study arms were placebo and topiroxostat 40, 60, 80 or 120 mg/day. The primary efficacy endpoint was the per cent change in serum urate level from baseline to the final visit.One hundred and eighty-seven eligible patients were randomized and 186 received at least one dose of the study drug. The study results demonstrated a dose-dependent serum urate reduction effect ranging from 40 to 120 mg/day (P < 0001, Jonckheere-Terpstra test). The mean per cent change in serum urate level from baseline at the final visit was -308% in the 120-mg group and 16% with placebo, with a between-group difference of -324% ([95% confidence interval, -389% to -259%]; P < 0001). Incidences of overall adverse events (AEs) in the topiroxostat groups were comparable to those in the placebo group; however, the incidence of AEs in the 120-mg group was statistically lower than that in the placebo group. The incidences of gouty arthritis were not statistically but numerically higher in the topiroxostat 80- and 120-mg groups.A dose-dependent serum urate-lowering efficacy of topiroxostat was observed in Japanese hyperuricemic male patients with or without gout. Further clinical studies aimed at evaluating the long-term safety and clinical efficacy are warranted.

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