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Sapporo, Japan

Matsukwa N.,Kyoto Institute of Nutrition and Pathology Inc. | Matsumoyo M.,Hokkaido University | Bukawa W.,CombiCorporation | Chihi H.,Fuji Womens University | And 3 more authors.
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry | Year: 2011

Oral administration of edible bird's nest extract (EBNE) improved bone strength and calcium concentration in the femur of ovariectomized rats. Dermal thickness was also increased by EBNE supplementation, whereas EBNE administration did not affect the serum estradiol concentration. These results suggest that EBNE is effective for the improvement of bone loss and skin aging in postmenopause all women. Source

Kawashima H.,Iwate Prefectural University | Ohnishi M.,Fuji Womens University
Lipids | Year: 2016

A detailed structural diversity of dienoic fatty acids (FA), including non-methylene-interrupted dienoic FA, of triacylglycerols and polar lipids in ovaries of Cellana toreuma was clarified for the first time by using capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of their 3-pyridylcarbinol esters and argentation thin-layer chromatography. Interestingly, in addition to 5,9-octadecadienoic (18:2Δ5,9), 5,9-eicosadienoic (20:2Δ5,9), 5,9-heneicosadienoic (21:2Δ5,9), 5,9-docosadienoic (22:2Δ5,9), 5,9-tricosadienoic (23:2Δ5,9), and 5,9-tetracosadienoic (24:2Δ5,9) acids, previously identified in ovaries of C. grata, rare FA 5,9-hexadecadienoic (16:2Δ5,9), 5,9-nonadecadienoic (19:2Δ5,9), and 21-methyl-5,9-docosadienoic (iso 23:2Δ5,9) were newly recognized in ovaries of C. toreuma. Detectable amounts of four Δ9,15-dienoic FA were present in the ovary lipids. The FA identified were one novel 9,15-heneicosadienoic (21:2Δ9,15) acid and known 9,15-docosadienoic (22:2Δ9,15), 9,15-tricosadienoic (23:2Δ9,15), and 9,15-tetracosadienoic (24:2Δ9,15) acids. The findings help to explain the broad evidence of the structural diversity in marine gastropods and suggest biomarkers to evaluate marine food web relations. © 2015 AOCS. Source

Dietary phytic acid (PA; myo-inositol [MI] hexaphosphate) is known to inhibit colon carcinogenesis in rodents. Dietary fiber, which is a negative risk factor of colon cancer, improves characteristics of the colonic environment, such as the content of organic acids and microflora. We hypothesized that dietary PA would improve the colonic luminal environment in rats fed a high-fat diet. To test this hypothesis, rats were fed diets containing 30% beef tallow with 2.04% sodium PA, 0.4% MI, or 1.02% sodium PA + 0.2% MI for 3 weeks. Compared with the control diet, the sodium PA diet up-regulated cecal organic acids, including acetate, propionate, and n-butyrate; this effect was especially prominent for cecal butyrate. The sodium PA + MI diet also significantly increased cecal butyrate, although this effect was less pronounced when compared with the sodium PA diet. The cecal ratio of Lactobacillales, cecal and fecal mucins (an index of intestinal barrier function), and fecal β-glucosidase activity were higher in rats fed the sodium PA diet than in those fed the control diet. The sodium PA, MI, and sodium PA + MI diets decreased levels of serum tumor necrosis factor α, which is a proinflammatory cytokine. Another proinflammatory cytokine, serum interleukin-6, was also down-regulated by the sodium PA and sodium PA + MI diets. These data showed that PA may improve the composition of cecal organic acids, microflora, and mucins, and it may decrease the levels of serum proinflammatory cytokines in rats fed a high-fat, mineral-sufficient diet. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

Okazaki Y.,Fuji Womens University | Tomotake H.,Iida Womens Junior College | Tsujimoto K.,Seiren Co. | Sasaki M.,Seiren Co. | Kato N.,Hiroshima University
Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2011

We previously reported that consumption of a resistant protein, sericin, reduces colon tumorigenesis, constipation, and serum TG in rodents. The present study was conducted to elucidate the effects of dietary sericin on the intestinal luminal environment in rats fed a high-fat (HF) diet. Rats were fed 300 or 50 g/kg of beef tallow with or without 40 g/kg sericin, a protein purified from cocoons of Bombix mori, for 3 wk. Intestinal luminal variables, including IgA (index of intestinal immune function), mucins (index of barrier function), organic acids, microflora, and secondary bile acids, were measured. Dietary sericin markedly elevated fecal IgA in the HF diet group (3-fold, P < 0.05) but not in the low-fat (LF) diet group. Fecal mucin levels were elevated by sericin intake in the HF diet group (P < 0.05). Cecal organic acids, including acetate, propionate, n-butyrate, and succinate, were significantly lower in the HF diet group compared with the LF diet group. Dietary sericin significantly elevated cecal acetate and n-butyrate in the HF diet group but not in the LF diet group. Compared with the LF diet, the HF diet significantly increased serum TG in the untreated group but not in those fed sericin. The HF diet increased lower density lipoprotein (VLDL + IDL + LDL) cholesterol and it was reduced by sericin intake (P < 0.05). There was an inverse correlation between serum TG and cecal acetate (Spearman rank correlation coefficient = 20.63; P < 0.001). The profile of microflora in cecal digesta and fecal secondary bile acids (a risk factor for colon cancer) did not differ between the HF diet and HF diet with sericin groups. These results suggest a novel and favorable effect of sericin on colon health by modulating intestinal immune and barrier functions and fermentation in rats fed a HF diet. © 2011 American Society for Nutrition. Source

Matsusaka Y.,Fuji Womens University | Matsusaka Y.,Hokkaido University | Kawabata J.,Hokkaido University
Food Science and Technology Research | Year: 2010

Total polyphenol content and antioxidant activities of non-edible parts (seed and peel) of eight tropical fruits were analyzed and compared with those of their edible parts. The antioxidant activity was evaluated based on the ability of the fruit extracts (seed, peel and pulp) to scavenge 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline- 6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radicals, and the ferrous ionchelating capacity. Total polyphenol content in seed, peel and pulp ranged from 0.2 to 153, 5.0 to 124, and 1.0 to 12 mg/g DW, respectively. Non-edible parts of the tropical fruits were found to have significant antioxidant activities. Among them, mango seed, mango peel, starfruit peel and avocado peel showed higher antioxidant potential by the DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging assays. The DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging abilities were highly correlated with total polyphenol content. Kiwano and papaya peels showed strong ferrous ion-chelating capacity, although they did not have high polyphenol content and DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities. Source

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