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Onami I.,Fuji Gotemba Research Labs. Chugai Pharmaceutical Company | Ayabe M.,Fuji Gotemba Research Labs. Chugai Pharmaceutical Company | Murao N.,Fuji Gotemba Research Labs. Chugai Pharmaceutical Company | Ishigai M.,Fuji Gotemba Research Labs. Chugai Pharmaceutical Company
Journal of Chromatography A | Year: 2014

A versatile immunoaffinity liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed to quantify the total concentration of a protein-based antigen in non-clinical pharmacokinetics (PK) studies of a human monoclonal antibody drug. The method combines using magnetic beads that have been coated with a commercial anti-human Fc region antibody to capture an immune complex of the antigen and antibody drug, with subsequent digestion and quantification of the antigen-derived tryptic peptide via LC-MS/MS. Although a typical immunoassay or an immunoaffinity LC-MS/MS assay requires an antigen-specific antibody that uses a different epitope from the antibody drug, this method requires only a commercial anti-human Fc region antibody. The method was applied to quantify total receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) in the presence of denosumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody (mAb) specific to RANKL. The assay was validated as fit-for-purpose and found to be accurate (<115% interbatch accuracies) and precise (<15%, interbatch coefficient of variation) across a range of 3.13-200. ng/mL RANKL. Commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit was not able to determine the total RANKL because interference by denosumab decreased recovery. In contrast, the antibody drug had less effect on the LC-MS/MS method. The method now provides a bioanalytical platform for developing other protein-based antigen assays in the early drug stage. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


A versatile immunoaffinity liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed to quantify the total concentration of a protein-based antigen in non-clinical pharmacokinetics (PK) studies of a human monoclonal antibody drug. The method combines using magnetic beads that have been coated with a commercial anti-human Fc region antibody to capture an immune complex of the antigen and antibody drug, with subsequent digestion and quantification of the antigen-derived tryptic peptide via LC-MS/MS. Although a typical immunoassay or an immunoaffinity LC-MS/MS assay requires an antigen-specific antibody that uses a different epitope from the antibody drug, this method requires only a commercial anti-human Fc region antibody. The method was applied to quantify total receptor activator of nuclear factor-B ligand (RANKL) in the presence of denosumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody (mAb) specific to RANKL. The assay was validated as fit-for-purpose and found to be accurate (<115% interbatch accuracies) and precise (<15%, interbatch coefficient of variation) across a range of 3.13-200ng/mL RANKL. Commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit was not able to determine the total RANKL because interference by denosumab decreased recovery. In contrast, the antibody drug had less effect on the LC-MS/MS method. The method now provides a bioanalytical platform for developing other protein-based antigen assays in the early drug stage.

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