Wang J.,Fudan UniversityShanghaiChina |
Xiao J.,Fudan UniversityShanghaiChina |
Wen D.,Fudan UniversityShanghaiChina |
Wu X.,Fudan UniversityShanghaiChina |
And 3 more authors.
Molecular Carcinogenesis | Year: 2015
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is a physiological inhibitor of the tissue factor (TF)-initiated coagulation pathway. Both circulating and tumor cell-associated TFPI significantly reduce tumor cell-induced coagulation activation and lung metastasis. However, the significance of endothelial cell-anchored TFPI in cancer biology remains largely unexplored. We generated mice with full-length disruption of TFPI (including TFPIα and TFPIβ isoforms) in endothelial cells, using a Cre-LoxP system and gene inactivation (GI) strategy. Experimental pulmonary tumor metastasis models were used with TFPI-deficient mice to evaluate the role of endothelial cell-anchored TFPI in cancer progression. Finally, lung microvascular permeability and microenvironment were investigated. TFPI-deficient mice were viable and fertile, and showed decreased plasma TFPI levels and lung TFPI levels as compared with their control littermates. TFPI deficiency in endothelial cells promoted pulmonary tumor metastasis with an increased vascular permeability and altered lung microenvironment. Our observations suggest that endothelial cell-anchored TFPI controls lung tumor metastasis, and does so largely through the inhibition of local TF-induced thrombin generation and the regulation of the lung microenvironment in mice. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.