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Shanghai, China

Fudan University , located in Shanghai, China, is one of the oldest and most selective universities in China, and a member in the C9 League and Universitas 21. Its institutional predecessor was founded in 1905, shortly before the end of China's imperial Qing dynasty. Fudan is now composed of four campuses, including Handan , Fenglin , Zhangjiang , and Jiangwan . Wikipedia.

Xiong H.-M.,Fudan University
Advanced Materials | Year: 2013

The last decade has seen significant achievements in biomedical diagnosis and therapy at the levels of cells and molecules. Nanoparticles with luminescent or magnetic properties are used as detection probes and drug carriers, both in vitro and in vivo. ZnO nanoparticles, due to their good biocompatibility and low cost, have shown promising potential in bioimaging and drug delivery. The recent exciting progress on the biomedical applications of ZnO-based nanomaterials is reviewed here, along with discussions on the advantages and limitations of these advanced materials and suggestions for improving methods. ZnO nanoparticles can be used in bioimaging probes and drug carriers. The major highlights of recent progress in these applications are reviewed. Multifunctional probes can be synthesized for curing animal tumors, which contain luminescent ZnO quantum dots. ZnO nanoparticles can also be used to produce probes with magnetic elements for anticancer drugs or with specific groups for identifying tumors, allowing the nanoparticle to be guided to cancerous cells. Under UV light irradiation, ZnO nanoparticles can produce plenty of reactive oxygen species which help destroy cancer cells. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Novel nanocomposite films, based on graphene oxide (GO) and TiO(2) nanotube arrays, were synthesized by assembling GO on the surface of self-organized TiO(2) nanotube arrays through a simple impregnation method. The composite films were characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The photoelectrochemical properties of the composite nanotube arrays were investigated under visible light illumination. Remarkably enhanced visible light photoelectrochemical response was observed for the GO decorated TiO(2) nanotube composite electrode compared with pristine TiO(2) nanotube arrays. The sensitizing effect of GO on the photoelectrochemical response of the TiO(2) nanotube arrays was demonstrated and about 15 times enhanced maximum photoconversion efficiency was obtained with the presence of GO. An enhanced photocatalytic activity of the TiO(2) nanotube arrays towards the degradation of methyl blue was also demonstrated after modification with GO. The results presented here demonstrate GO to be efficient for the improved utilization of visible light for TiO(2) nanotube arrays.

TiO(2)/graphene composites were synthesized through a simple one-step hydrothermal reaction and successfully used to selectively capture phosphopeptides from peptide mixtures for matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) analysis.

Huang J.P.,Fudan University
Physics Reports | Year: 2015

Experimental econophysics is concerned with statistical physics of humans in the laboratory, and it is based on controlled human experiments developed by physicists to study some problems related to economics or finance. It relies on controlled human experiments in the laboratory together with agent-based modeling (for computer simulations and/or analytical theory), with an attempt to reveal the general cause-effect relationship between specific conditions and emergent properties of real economic/financial markets (a kind of complex adaptive systems). Here I review the latest progress in the field, namely, stylized facts, herd behavior, contrarian behavior, spontaneous cooperation, partial information, and risk management. Also, I highlight the connections between such progress and other topics of traditional statistical physics. The main theme of the review is to show diverse emergent properties of the laboratory markets, originating from self-organization due to the nonlinear interactions among heterogeneous humans or agents (complexity). © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Han Y.-F.,Fudan University | Jin G.-X.,Fudan University
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2014

Half-sandwich Cp*Ir and Cp*Rh metalacycles have been successfully applied in traditional domains encompassing organic transformations and catalysis in recent years, especially the catalytic activation of C-H bonds. Cyclometalation has proven to be a highly attractive and versatile synthetic method for the formation of organometallic metalacycles. This review intends to describe isolated and well-defined cyclometalated iridium/rhodium complexes that contain a Cp*M-C (M = Ir, Rh) bond stabilised by the intramolecular coordination of neutral donor atoms (N, C, O or P). The formation of metalamacrocycles and cages employing cyclometalated approaches is discussed. In focusing on selected mechanistic insights garnered from iridium/rhodium-catalysed functionalisation of C-H bonds involving cyclometalated complexes, a limited number of substrates will be discussed, but a broad range of mechanistic features is highlighted. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.

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