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Poh B.K.,Nutritional science Programme | Ng B.K.,Nutritional science Programme | Nik Shanita S.,Dietetics Programme | Wong J.E.,Nutritional science Programme | And 5 more authors.
British Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2013

The dual burden of malnutrition reportedly coexists in Malaysia; however, existing data are scarce and do not adequately represent the nutritional status of Malaysian children. The Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children was carried out with the aim of assessing the nutritional status in a sample of nationally representative population of children aged 6 months to 12 years. A total of 3542 children were recruited using a stratified random sampling method. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference, and waist and hip circumferences. Blood biochemical assessment involved analyses of Hb, serum ferritin, and vitamins A and D. Dietary intake was assessed using semi-quantitative FFQ, and nutrient intakes were compared with the Malaysian Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNI). The prevalence of overweight (9·8 %) and obesity (11·8 %) was higher than that of thinness (5·4 %) and stunting (8·4 %). Only a small proportion of children had low levels of Hb (6·6 %), serum ferritin (4·4 %) and vitamin A (4·4 %), but almost half the children (47·5 %) had vitamin D insufficiency. Dietary intake of the children was not compatible with the recommendations, where more than one-third did not achieve the Malaysian RNI for energy, Ca and vitamin D. The present study revealed that overnutrition was more prevalent than undernutrition. The presence of high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and the inadequate intake of Ca and vitamin D are of concern. Hence, strategies for improving the nutritional status of Malaysian children need to consider both sides of malnutrition and also put emphasis on approaches for the prevention of overweight and obesity as well as vitamin D insufficiency. Copyright © The Authors 2013A.

Van Goor S.A.,University of Groningen | Janneke Dijck-Brouwer D.A.,University of Groningen | Erwich J.J.H.M.,University of Groningen | Schaafsma A.,FrieslandCampina | Hadders-Algra M.,University of Groningen
Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids | Year: 2011

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) are important for neurodevelopment. The effects of DHA (220. mg/day, n=41), DHA+AA (220. mg/day, n=39) or placebo (n=34) during pregnancy and lactation on neurodevelopment at 18 months, and the relations between umbilical cord DHA, AA and Mead acid and neurodevelopment were studied. An age-specific, standardized neurological assessment for the evaluation of minor neurological dysfunction (MND), and the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) were used. The intervention did not influence any of the outcomes. Umbilical venous (UV) Mead acid was negatively and n-6 fatty acids were weakly positively associated to the BSID mental developmental index. Children with simple MND had lower UV DHA compared to normally classified children. We conclude that relatively short-term maternal DHA or DHA+AA supplementation does not influence neurodevelopment at toddler age, although some parameters of brain development are related to perinatal DHA and AA status. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Bal P.M.,VU University Amsterdam | Veltkamp M.,FrieslandCampina
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

The current study investigated whether fiction experiences change empathy of the reader. Based on transportation theory, it was predicted that when people read fiction, and they are emotionally transported into the story, they become more empathic. Two experiments showed that empathy was influenced over a period of one week for people who read a fictional story, but only when they were emotionally transported into the story. No transportation led to lower empathy in both studies, while study 1 showed that high transportation led to higher empathy among fiction readers. These effects were not found for people in the control condition where people read non-fiction. The study showed that fiction influences empathy of the reader, but only under the condition of low or high emotional transportation into the story. © 2013 Bal, Veltkamp.

Wong J.E.,National University of Malaysia | Parikh P.,FrieslandCampina | Poh B.K.,National University of Malaysia
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health | Year: 2016

This study describes the physical activity of primary school children according to sociodemographic characteristics and activity domains. Using the Malaysian South East Asian Nutrition Surveys data, 1702 children aged 7 to 12 years were included in the analysis. Physical activity was reported as a total score and categorized into low, medium, and high levels based on Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children. Higher overall activity scores were found in boys, younger age, non-Chinese ethnicity, and normal body mass index category. Sex, age, and ethnicity differences were found in structured or organized, physical education, and outside-of-school domain scores. Transport-related scores differed by age group, ethnicity, household income, and residential areas but not among the three physical activity levels. Participation of girls, Chinese, and older children were low in overall and almost all activity domains. Sociodemographic characteristics are important factors to consider in increasing the different domains of physical activity among Malaysian children. © 2016 APJPH.

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« Air pollution exposure found to be risk factor for type 2 diabetes | Main | Dalhousie team explores impact of different electrolyte solvents and electrolyte additives on high-voltage Li-ion cells » KLM Royal Dutch Airlines has signed a three-year contract for the supply of sustainable biofuel in Los Angeles. KLM will purchase sustainable biofuel for all its flights at this airport for a period of three years. The biofuel will be produced by the local biofuel refinery AltAir Fuels and supplied by SkyNRG. Los Angeles is the world’s second airport that has incorporated biofuel into its regular refueling process. The airport in Oslo, Norway, was first to do so in March this year. KLM was also involved in that initiative. Sustainable biofuel is currently one of the most effective ways to reduce CO emissions in the airline industry. Owing partly to the companies taking part in the KLM Corporate BioFuel Program, we have been able to take this step, giving a further impulse to the consistent production of biofuel. The KLM Corporate BioFuel Program enables businesses to ensure that sustainable biofuel is used for a portion of their air travel. Participants pay a surcharge that covers the difference in price between sustainable biofuel and regular kerosene. In so doing, they set an example and actively help to make air transport more sustainable. The KLM Corporate BioFuel Program is partnered by ABN AMRO, Accenture, CBRE Global Investors, FMO, FrieslandCampina, Amsterdam Municipality, Heineken, Loyens & Loeff, PGGM, Perfetti Van Melle, and the Schiphol Group. The biofuel is pumped directly into the airport fuel reservoirs, which also hold the airport’s conventional kerosene supply. SkyNRG supplies the sustainable biofuel, which is made from used cooking oil by AltAir Fuels in Los Angeles. AltAir Fuels is the first and only refinery in the world that continuously produces biofuel for aviation, making it the first that supplies biofuel to the airline industry on a commercial basis.

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