The Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research is a world-class center for basic research in life science based in Basel, Switzerland. Wikipedia.
Fabian M.R.,McGill University |
Sonenberg N.,McGill University |
Filipowicz W.,Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research
Annual Review of Biochemistry | Year: 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that extensively regulate gene expression in animals, plants, and protozoa. miRNAs function posttranscriptionally by usually base-pairing to the mRNA 3â€- untranslated regions to repress protein synthesis by mechanisms that are not fully understood. In this review, we describe principles of miRNA-mRNA interactions and proteins that interact with miRNAs and function in miRNA-mediated repression. We discuss the multiple, often contradictory, mechanisms that miRNAs have been reported to use, which cause translational repression and mRNA decay. We also address the issue of cellular localization of miRNA-mediated events and a role for RNA-binding proteins in activation or relief of miRNA repression. © 2010 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved. Source
Schubeler D.,Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research |
Schubeler D.,University of Basel
Nature | Year: 2015
Cytosine methylation is a DNA modification generally associated with transcriptional silencing. Factors that regulate methylation have been linked to human disease, yet how they contribute to malignances remains largely unknown. Genomic maps of DNA methylation have revealed unexpected dynamics at gene regulatory regions, including active demethylation by TET proteins at binding sites for transcription factors. These observations indicate that the underlying DNA sequence largely accounts for local patterns of methylation. As a result, this mark is highly informative when studying gene regulation in normal and diseased cells, and it can potentially function as a biomarker. Although these findings challenge the view that methylation is generally instructive for gene silencing, several open questions remain, including how methylation is targeted and recognized and in what context it affects genome readout. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source
Schubeler D.,Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research
Science | Year: 2012
Mammalian methylomes reveal how DNA methylation is infl uenced by the underlying nucleotide sequence. Source
Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research | Date: 2013-06-28
The present invention relates to a method for treating a disease in a subject by modulating an isoform of MKL-1 by administering to said subject a therapeutically effective amount of a modulator of said isoform of MKL1, wherein said isoform of MKL1 comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:1.
Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research | Date: 2014-06-12
The present invention provides a method for preparing a sample for microscopy, said method comprising the steps of contacting said sample with a first polymerizable resin under conditions and for a time sufficient for penetration of said first polymerizable resin into the sample, removing excessive first polymerizable resin from the surface of the sample, contacting the so-prepared sample containing said first polymerizable resin with a second polymerizable resin preparation, said second polymerizable resin preparation comprising a high concentration of electrically conductive particles, and subjecting the so-prepared sample to the curing temperature of the polymerizable resins, wherein the curing temperature of said second polymerizable resin preparation is substantially the same as the curing temperature of the first polymerizable resin.