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Lysaker, Norway

Not to be confused with Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center in Bergen. The Fridtjof Nansen Institute is named after the Norwegian polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen . It is housed in Polhøgda, Nansen's mansion from 1901 to 1930.The institute is an independent research foundation with a multi-disciplinary approach, engaged in research on international environmental, energy, resource management politics and law of the sea. The main disciplines are political science and international law. The research centers around six focal points: Marine affairs and law of the sea Global governance and sustainable development Biodiversity and biosafety Polar and Russian politics European energy and environmental politics Chinese energy and environmental politicsThe Fridtjof Nansen Institute groups as one of Norway's foreign politics research institutes. The Fridtjof Nansen Institute is internationally recognized for its long-standing research in the field of the law of the sea and on 21–23 August 2008, the Institute hosted its last international law of the sea conference, 'The World Ocean in Globalisation: Challenges for Marine Regions'. Wikipedia.

Vidas D.,Fridtjof Nansen Institute
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences | Year: 2011

The current law of the sea provides a framework for various specific issues, but is incapable of responding adequately to the overall challenges facing humankind, now conceivably already living in the Anthropocene. The linkages between the development of the law of the sea and the current process towards formal recognition of an Anthropocene epoch are twofold. First, there is a linkage of origin. The ideological foundations of the law of the sea facilitated the emergence of forces that were to lead to the Industrial Revolution and, eventually, to levels of development entailing ever-greater human impacts on the Earth System. Second, there are linkages in interaction. Geological information has prompted key developments in the law of the sea since the introduction of the continental shelf concept in the mid-twentieth century. With the formalization of the Anthropocene epoch, geology might again act as a trigger for new developments needed in the law of the sea. This article explores those two aspects of linkages and examines prospects for further development of the law of the sea framework, through concepts such as the responsibility for the seas as well as those related to new approaches to global sustainability such as the 'planetary boundaries'. © 2011 The Royal Society. Source

Wettestad J.,Fridtjof Nansen Institute
Global Environmental Politics | Year: 2014

Is rescuing the EU's emissions trading system impossible? Despite the substantial reform in 2008, subsequent problems of allowance surplus and a low carbon price have spurred new efforts to reform the system for the 2013-2020 phase. But these efforts have met resistance both among member states and in the European parliament, and the EU is struggling in its efforts to improve the ETS. This article draws on four central EU and political science theory approaches to more systematically explore why. The financial crisis and slow international policy progress have narrowed the window of opportunity that was open in 2008. Factors that could open that window again include an economic upswing, a new European commission and parliament, and new global negotiations in 2015. But even without short-term reform, the linear reduction factor will gradually tighten the system and lead to a higher carbon price. © 2014 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Source

This article contributes to the understanding of adaptive capacity within national sectors by utilising two perspectives from institutional theory. Resting on data from 21 interviews the paper analyses the Norwegian electricity sector and the influence on adaptive capacity to climate change from changes in formal structure and institutional culture. The sector underwent transformational change between the beginning of the 1980s and mid-2000s, with the reform from 1991 as a watershed, and gradual consolidation from about 2000. From a self-regulated vertically integrated sector with an emphasis on robustness of supply the sector changed into a liberalised and unbundled structure, with economic efficiency as the guiding principle. These changes reduced adaptive capacity to climate change. After 2000, gradually adaptive capacity has increased somewhat. The paper argues that also social contextual factors need to be taken account of, both to understand adaptive capacity to climate change and to provide practitioners with an ability to increase it. © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Source

Auld G.,Carleton University | Gulbrandsen L.H.,Fridtjof Nansen Institute
Global Environmental Politics | Year: 2010

Nonstate certification programs have formed in the past 20 years to address social and environmental problems associated with production practices in several economic sectors. These programs embody the idea that information disclosure can be a tool for NGOs, investors, governments, and consumers to support high performers and hence, advocates hope, place upward pressure on sector-wide practices. Many unanswered questions remain, however, about information disclosure's practices and outcomes. We compare the use of procedural and outcome transparency in the rule-making and auditing processes of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) and Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).We highlight key differences in how transparency relates to accountability and legitimacy of the programs. The MSC uses transparency and stakeholder consultation instrumentally, whereas the FSC treats them as ends unto themselves. This underscores the importance of considering transparency alongside other governance aspects, such as who the eligible stakeholders are and who gets decision-making power. © 2010 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Source

Skjaerseth J.B.,Fridtjof Nansen Institute
Environmental Policy and Governance | Year: 2010

In December 2008, the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) was significantly revised and strengthened. This article explores the basis for, and the consequences of, the revision for legitimacy. The key to legitimate EU governance is seen in the convergence of different sources of legitimacy at various levels of society. In addition to member-state consent, participation of non-state actors, democracy, expertise and effectiveness are of relevance. The first conclusion is that the recent revision of the EU ETS has indeed been grounded in a broader multilevel legitimacy basis. Second, the system faces significant challenges with regard to carbon markets and effectiveness, which could reduce its legitimacy in the long term. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment. Source

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