International Journal of Environmental Studies | Year: 2017
The Western Cape Province of South Africa has a Mediterranean climate of winter rainfall and hot, dry summers. The rivers have all been dammed to manage the available water resources. Every year at the end of summer, water restrictions are enforced by fines by the municipality in Cape Town, to ensure economies to eke out the dwindling reserves until the winter rains set in. The paper describes the situation in the 2017 dry season and examines possible solutions to the chronic water shortage such as use of ground water, desalination of sea water and recycling of waste water. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
International Journal of Environmental Studies | Year: 2016
The beaching and disposal of the carcase of a 25t humpback whale was observed in the Strand, South Africa, just before Christmas in 2015. Despite the impending holiday, municipal services needed to dispose of the carcase timeously to prevent a risk to public health. As the beaching of whales in Cape Town occurs not infrequently, a protocol does exist. The carcase was dragged off the rocks and up the beach by bulldozers. After the road was closed, it was loaded on to a low bed trailer parked near the sea wall. As the trailer proved to be too small, it was reloaded on to a larger, replacement trailer. The carcase was then driven to the municipal landfill site at Vissershok for disposal. Background information is provided about the migratory habits of the Humpback whales that brought this specimen to Cape waters in the first place. Whale hunting in False Bay before the international moratorium in 1982 is also described. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
International Journal of Environmental Studies | Year: 2014
The Cape Town City Bowl is fed by a number of perennial springs that rise on the slopes of Table Mountain, thus given the name 'Camissa' the Place of Sweet Waters by the Khoi who inhabited the area before European settlement in 1652. Much of this water is piped to Table Bay where it is discharged, unused. Despite its Mediterranean climate of dry summers, there is not much fluctuation in flow rate from these springs. Condensation from the cloud cover on the mountain crest, caused by the prevailing S-E wind during the season is thought to be a significant agent for recharging the Table Mountain aquifers. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.
International Journal of Environmental Studies | Year: 2013
The needs of future as well as those of the present generations are at the heart of sustainable development. Weak sustainability addresses specific concerns for the depletion of exhaustible resources such as minerals. So long as such natural capital is converted into reproducible machines, it is argued that the inevitable time when resources are depleted can be postponed, giving human ingenuity time to resolve the dilemma. But such machines require exhaustible energy to drive them and when they become obsolescent, other exhaustible resources such as iron ore to replace them. Further, with the underdeveloped parts of the world yet to experience the benefits of the industrialised, consumer society, there will be greater rather than lesser consumption of exhaustible resources in succeeding generations. The continuing need for exhaustible resources, therefore, argues against the arrival of a post-industrial society. © 2013 © 2013 Taylor & Francis.
International Journal of Environmental Studies | Year: 2012
Since the discovery of diamonds in Kimberley in 1871 and the Witwatersrand goldfields in 1886, the mining industry has been a major contributor to the development of South Africa. The study examined Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) published by corporate mining companies (mining houses) in South Africa in their Annual Reports, to ascertain the extent to which the exploitation of the non-renewable resources under their control was done in a sustainable manner according to criteria set out in the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). It was clear in terms of a graphical representation that while mining houses still strongly highlighted economic performance, and the traditional health and safety (labour) issues, as well as environment and social issues, the newcomers human rights and responsibility for downstream products were ignored. This points to an inconsistent understanding of the idea of sustainability espoused by the GRI. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
International Journal of Environmental Studies | Year: 2015
The mining industry was the cornerstone upon which the development of the modern South African state was built over the past 120 years. Development followed a core–periphery model that reflects its colonial past but this became a developmental state model under apartheid. There has however been an increase in inequality since the end of apartheid in 1994 as reflected in the Gini coefficient. Several development plans have been produced since 1994 ranging from Black Economic Empowerment to the most recent neoliberal, National Development Plan: Vision 2030 which emphasises the importance of mineral resources for economic development and job creation. Can mineral resources however give a second kick-start to development to address poverty and inequality under the modern, limit to growth, imposed by sustainable development? © 2015 Taylor & Francis.