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Fresno, CA, United States

Gonzalez J.M.,University of Texas-Pan American | Applewhite S.R.,University of Houston | Barrera I.,Fresno State University
Social Work in Mental Health | Year: 2015

Cultural and structural barriers have resulted in lower mental health service use by Latinos. In the interest of greater access to mental health care for older Mexican Americans, this qualitative study explored the factors that led 20 older Mexican Americans to access mental health services. Factors included family and helping professionals. The overarching themes were culturally responsive agencies and sustained relationships as pathways to service utilization characterized as professional, as well as close and family-like interactions. Family members and health care providers facilitated utilization. Expanding the workforce of bilingual/bicultural providers and community education about the importance of relationships in mental health care are needed. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Mohammed R.L.,Florida Atlantic University | Echeverry A.,Florida Atlantic University | Stinson C.M.,Florida Atlantic University | Green M.,Nova Southeastern University | And 5 more authors.
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2012

The search for alternative indicators of disease-risk from non-enteric pathogens at the beach revealed high densities of targeted bacteria. To explain the high numbers of potential non-enteric pathogens, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, in beach sand, we investigated factors affecting their survival and distribution, as well as those of a potential fecal indicator, Clostridium perfringens. Results indicated greater S. aureus and P. aeruginosa survival and proliferation in sterile beach sand, than seawater, with diminished numbers upon exposure to natural micro-predators. C. perfringens remained relatively consistent with initial numbers. Intermediate sand particles (850 μm-2 mm) constituted the major micro-niche; creating implications for beach classification programs. Colonization of sterile sand boxes at the beach by S. aureus and P. aeruginosa confirmed the filtering action (>100×) of beach sand. The use of these potential pathogens in periodic sanitary evaluation of beach sand quality is indicated, regardless of the factors influencing their abundance. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Moore D.A.,University of California at Davis | Moore D.A.,Washington State University | Leach D.A.,University of California at Davis | Leach D.A.,Portsmouth Medical Center | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Dairy Science | Year: 2010

Critical to changing biosecurity practices on the farm is an individual assessment of those practices contributing to disease transmission. The purpose of this project was to assess, implement, and refine a biological risk management survey for use on large western United States dairy farms. Assessment tools developed by Iowa State University Center for Food Security and Public Health (Ames, IA) were refined using a focus group process and by testing them on 40 dairy herds in California. Each question was evaluated using standard criteria and producer responses. Some survey questions required refinement for clarity and others were considered unnecessary. New questions were added based on a biosecurity literature review, resulting in a new set of questions that can be used by extension educators and food animal veterinarians to help identify disease risk areas and educate dairy producers. © 2010 American Dairy Science Association. Source

Rice E.,University of Southern California | Petering R.,University of Southern California | Rhoades H.,University of Southern California | Barman-Adhikari A.,Fresno State University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of School Health | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, or questioning (LGBQ) high school students experience higher rates of homelessness than their heterosexual peers. Moreover, LGBQ high school students are more likely to stay in riskier locations (eg, with a stranger) and less likely to stay in a shelter. This study tested whether these trends also apply to middle school students. METHODS: Using representative data, we examined sexual identity and homelessness among Los Angeles Unified School District middle school students. RESULTS: Nearly 10% of middle school students identified as LGBQ and 23.5% experienced at least 1 night of homelessness during the previous year. Contrary to high school data, LGBQ students did not experience higher rates of homelessness overall. However, when limiting the sample to students who had experienced homelessness, LGBQ students were more than 5 times as likely as heterosexual students to have stayed in a public place and 63% as likely to have stayed in a shelter. CONCLUSIONS: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, or questioning students are more likely to experience public homelessness. Schools must implement homelessness surveillance systems to assist in identifying early episodes of homelessness, thereby reducing the likelihood of poor physical and mental health outcomes associated with chronic homelessness. © 2015, American School Health Association. Source

Esiobu N.,Florida Atlantic University | Green M.,Nova Southeastern University | Echeverry A.,Florida Atlantic University | Bonilla T.D.,University of Florida | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Environmental Health Research | Year: 2013

While the value of Staphylococcus aureus as an indicator for non-enteric diseases is unclear, understanding its prevalence in recreational beaches would prove useful, given its pathogenic potential. Staphylococcus aureus levels were evaluated in sand and seawater at three beaches during one year. To elucidate possible S. aureus sources or colonization trends, distribution in sand was analyzed at Hollywood Beach. Staphylococcus aureus levels fluctuated throughout the study with highest average densities detected in dry sand (3.46 × 5 CFU/g, Hobie Beach), particularly at beaches with high human density. Patchy distribution marked hotspots of human use and/or possible bacterial re-growth. Data from a brief epidemiological survey indicated a very slight association between beach usage and skin conditions; suggesting high S. aureus levels in sand may not necessarily constitute major health risks. Because the possibility of disease transmission exists, particularly to children and immuno-compromised beach-goers, periodic surveying of highly frequented beaches seems warranted. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

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