French National Center for Space Studies

Toulouse, France

French National Center for Space Studies

Toulouse, France
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Patent
French National Center for Space Studies | Date: 2016-11-16

The invention relates to a method for deflecting space debris comprising steps of:


Patent
Thales Alenia and French National Center for Space Studies | Date: 2017-02-01

A deformable mirror comprises a deformable membrane extending at rest in a first plane and having a reflecting front face and a back face opposite the front face, a supporting structure, an actuator having a first and second end, the first end fixed to the supporting structure, the second end displaced relative to the first end on a first axis substantially at right angles to the first plane to exert, on the back face, an axial load on the first axis, to locally deform the deformable membrane. The mirror comprises a plate that is substantially flat in a second plane substantially parallel to the first plane, positioned between the actuator and deformable membrane, linked to the back face and deformed when the actuator exerts the axial load, and the plate is rigid in the second plane to take up loads applied to the mirror in the second plane.


Patent
French National Center for Space Studies | Date: 2017-07-12

The positioning signals broadcast by the GNSS constellations on civilian frequencies are likely to be counterfeited, while the use of authentic signals is becoming increasingly critical for certain applications. According to the invention, the authentication of GNSS signals is performed by analysis of consistency between the measurements of parameters characteristic of the signals (direction of arrival, amplitude, phase) and their state model, said state model taking account of an emulation by software and electronic means of displacements of the phase centre of the antenna and/or of the main lobe of the radiation pattern. Advantageously, these displacements are generated by a pseudo-random code. Advantageously, the analysis of consistency between measurements and models is a multiple-criterion analysis, the combination of criteria being chosen as a function of a reception quality indicator and/or of a presumed location.


Patent
French National Center for Space Studies | Date: 2017-07-12

The positioning signals broadcast by GNSS constellations are affected by significant errors, notably due to the crossing of the ionospheric layer or of the tropospheric layer. Several unwieldy means have been deployed to provide professional users with corrections of said errors. These means, however, all require the knowledge of at least one precise reference point at a given distance. According to the invention, positioning receivers that are not very precise, such as smartphones, present in a geographical zone, of unknown precise position, can contribute to the production of precise atmospheric error corrections if said receivers are sufficiently numerous.


Patent
French National Center for Space Studies | Date: 2017-01-11

The invention discloses a receiver of GNSS positioning signals which has embedded computer logic to select between a first operating mode, which uses all available frequencies, and a second operating mode, which uses only part of the available frequencies but in combination with available correction data. The selection is based on a comparison of an index of quality of reception at the receiver and a computed or predicted precision/confidence level of the corrections. A plurality of corrections types are possible, including a type using a local model and a type using collaborative corrections. In some embodiments, a selection and/or a combination of a plurality of local models may be made to optimize the accuracy of the corrections.


Patent
French National Center for Space Studies and M3 Systems | Date: 2017-01-04

A receiver, and associated process, for tracking a GNSS positioning signal comprising a carrier modulated by a subcarrier and a spreading code, the receiver comprising:- at least one tracking loop configured to calculate a first pseudo range from said GNSS positioning signal,- a first discrimination circuit (521) configured to calculate an ambiguous discriminator value from the subcarrier and the spreading code of said GNSS positioning signal,- a calculation circuit (522) configured to calculate a value representative of a tracking error of said tracking loop,- a second discrimination circuit (530) configured to select one of said ambiguous discriminator value and said value calculated by the calculation circuit, and to generate a first non-ambiguous discriminator value, an amplitude of which is based on an amplitude of the selected value, and a sign of which is a sign of said value calculated by the calculation circuit.


Patent
French National Center for Space Studies | Date: 2017-06-28

The invention discloses a recovery assistance device for helping in rescuing victims of avalanches, earthquakes or boat capsizes. The device is capable of calculating a position from combinations of a previous position and distances to other devices. Different configurations are possible, with a basic configuration consisting of a smart phone having waveform generation capabilities, processing and GNSS receiving capabilities. The device is programmed to be used in a defined mission by an application. The device can also receive a number of add-ons as a battery add-on, a modem add-on, a sound wave generation add-on, antennas, and protection, possibly waterproof, if adequate. Devices of the same type can be carried by people to be rescued and rescuers. The device is therefore quite versatile and can increase significantly the efficiency of rescue teams in different use case scenarios.


This system (30) comprises: - a database (31) comprising maps (Cik), each map being associated with an infrastructure from a plurality of available infrastructures and giving, at each point of a geographical area, a local value of a quantity relating to a quality of experience associated with the execution of an application accessing a remote resource via the infrastructure; a localisation means (20) generating a current position of the mobile terminal (10); a means (40) for selecting a path; a correlation means (50) capable of determining a correlation coefficient, from the current position, the selected path, and each map; and a selection means capable of selecting an infrastructure from the plurality of infrastructures, based on the correlation coefficients.


Patent
French National Center for Space Studies | Date: 2017-05-24

The positioning receiver according to the invention comprises means for storing configuration information and information on its reception conditions, which is processed in order to calculate a current and/or predicted precision of the positioning calculation. Advantageously, at least some of this information is integrated into a variation model of a Kalman filter integrated into the receiver. The invention notably allows a more rapid convergence on a reference precision in a mono-frequency operating mode and transitions between a mono-frequency and bi-frequency mode to be smoothed. Advantageously, the precision information is delivered graphically or in numerical form to the user.


Patent
French National Center for Space Studies | Date: 2017-01-18

The invention relates to a device (1) for absorbing electromagnetic waves, comprising a plurality of arrays (Ei) each comprising at least one cell (2) for absorbing electromagnetic waves, characterised in that: each array (Ei) has a minimum absorption coefficient valid for given parameters of the waves incident on said array (Ei), said parameters comprising one or more of the following parameters: - a pair of angular ranges ([i-i],[i-i]) of the direction of arrival of the incident waves on the array (Ei), comprising a range ([i-i]) of angles of incidence and a range of azimuthal angles ([i-i]), and - a polarisation of the incident waves, the parameters of the incident waves for which each array (Ei) ensures the minimum absorption coefficient being different from one array (Ei) to the other. The invention also relates to a method for designing and producing an absorbing device.

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